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09-12: Impact of Land-related Regulations
The Impact of Initial Security of Tenure on Smallholder Farmers’ Household Income and Food Security: A Case Study of the Chiradzulu District in Malawi
1Ministry of Agriculture, Irrigation and Water Development, Malawi; 2Land and Global Land Tool Network- UN Habitat, Kenya; 3International Fund for Agricultural Development, Italy
Malawi government with financial assistance from International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) is implementing a nine year Sustainable Agriculture Production Programme (SAPP). Since all agricultural systems depend on land, the ownership of, or access to, agricultural land are important determinants of who actually benefits from agricultural investments. The land tenure system affects agricultural land use, prospects for improvement, productivity and food security. Using the Social Tenure Domain Model (STDM), this paper examines how the structure of land tenure system among the SAPP beneficiaries influences technology adoption, agricultural productivity, and food security among the beneficiary households. It reveals that despite receiving the same package of extension training and farm inputs, households with less than 0.5 ha land holding size experienced more months of hunger and earned the least agricultural income. Again, those that rented land for agricultural production least adopted the sustainable land and water management that would improve the net value of land. In conclusion, the paper recommends that for effective and sustainable impact, initial analysis of tenure on land and natural resources should be a key component of any design of agricultural development investment programme.
Putting Land Rights into Value
Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH, Germany
One of the main drivers behind the formalization of rural land rights is the assumption that increased tenure security will boost agricultural production, because it incentivizes farmers to make investments. Yet, the results of land formalization programs have partly stayed behind expectations. One reason might be that farmers require additional support systems to put land rights into value. Investments in tenure regularization need to be combined with a vision for enhancing landholders’ ability to access services needed for productivity enhancing investments. Tenure regularization programs also need to pay more attention to better securing the actual producers working the land, and not just the owners. This requires more insight into secondary rights and rental arrangements. The hypothesis of this paper is that a more secure access to land alone may not sufficiently trigger increases in productivity and agricultural production. Depending on the country context and the existing tenure security perception of farmers, additional support instruments may be necessary that help farmers putting their newly acquired land rights into value. The paper will discuss country examples supported by the German bilateral technical assistance focussing on formalizing land rights and providing farmers with additional livelihood support measures.
Land And Poverty Alleviation
Shri Balaji Agrotech Pvt Ltd, India
The Land and poverty alleviation is to remove poverty through implementation of all constituents of land reforms globally. Access to ownership of land and security of tenure can save the landless and the land poor from starvation or hunger. Implementation of land reforms doesn’t involve huge funds but requisite political and administrative will is required to implement measures of land reforms to reduce poverty. If land reforms are not implemented, the stark discrimination in society will cause the land poor in rural areas and the homeless in urban areas to mobilise and overrun the creations of globalisation and symbols of modern civilisation. This is not only a theoretical work on land vis-à-vis poverty, it also provides practical solutions and methodologies based on the best practices around the world in respect of each factor of land reform. It will be an epoch-making benchmark and experience for serious readers, practical administrators, policy-makers, peasants, sharecroppers and their leaders. Also mobile technology can bridge the connection gap in developing communities, can unlock markets and capital for farmers, and address food insecurity.As an effective land reform programme must boost efficiency and promote equity, land ownership should be targeted towards those who use it most productively.