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06-04: Progress with VGGT Implementation
Towards a culture of good governance: Implementing the Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), Italy
The Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land (VGGT) have proven to be a very effective mechanism for participatory policy processes in many countries. By creating a multi-stakeholder platform where all relevant actors have a voice and can participate in the decisions that will affect their lives, the implementation of the VGGTs has proven to be a model of good governance that may well have strong spillover effects in areas beyond land, fisheries and forestry. The article will describe the successful experience of implementation in Sierra Leone, where the new land policy was developed through the multi-stakeholder process and the actual text of the policy draws language from the VGGTs. Using data and experience from other countries, the article performs an analysis of the factors for successful implementation of the VGGTs, including political will, an institutional framework with clear roles and responsibilities, an inclusive steering committee, a well-functioning multi-stakeholder platform that guarantees voice to all relevant stakeholders at central as well as decentralized levels, capacity developed among the actors to participate effectively in it, and strong accountability mechanisms. The article also analyses, with examples of several countries, the factors that hinder implementation.
The Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure (VG): Core attributes of Successful Implementation by Countries
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Italy
On 11 May 2012, the VG were endorsed by CFS. FAO’s work started with awareness raising on how people could use the VG, whether they work in government, CSOs, the private sector and academia. And this work is ongoing – it never stops. Awareness raising provides a platform for other activities.
Drawing on FAO’s extensive experience at country level over the past five years in supporting countries in implementing the VG, the paper highlights on major axes of successful interventions across the whole set of countries of various regions and continents. Those are in four of the key areas where specific core approaches have been found to be successful in moving the responsible tenure governance agenda forward and illustrates these approaches with detailed country examples. The four key areas are as follows:
1. National multi-stakeholder platforms and processes; how they are constituted, how they work and what support is needed
2. Institutional frameworks, ministerial commitment and secretariat support
3. Capacity development
4. National policies and laws.
These elements should not be seen as being separate because the greatest benefits come when they are interlinked and mutually reinforcing. This paper will cover FAO’s experience on all these element one by one.
UN-REDD’s Progress in Supporting Partner Countries to Address Land Tenure
United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization, Italy
This paper presents what has been learned from the past 2.5 years of the UN-REDD Programme’s support to its partner countries to address tenure issues within the framework of REDD+. Following the request in the Cancun Agreements for country parties to address land tenure issues, and based on the conviction that tenure security is an important enabling condition for reducing deforestation and degradation, the UN-REDD Programme has provided financial and technical support to a number of its partner countries in Africa and Asia. The Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure serve as the basis for informing and guiding work on tenure in the context of REDD+. Countries receiving support include Malawi, Tunisia, Benin, Madagascar, Zambia, Uganda, Laos, Sri Lanka, and Vietnam.
The paper provides a summary of the type of support provided to each country and the main results and findings from the work undertaken. Common issues seen across countries and regions are highlighted in an effort to better understand how REDD+ programs may influence tenure security. Based on the experience to date, the author discusses some of the challenges to be overcome in order for efforts related to REDD+ and land tenure to be mutually reinforcing.
FAO Moving into a New Phase of VGGT Implementation
The momentum created by the endorsement of the Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land Fisheries and Forests in the Context of National Food Security (VGGT) and the subsequent uptake by numerous global and regional governmental and non-governmental actors provides an opportunity to chart a new era of sustainable development through the responsible governance of tenure. The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) is making a significant contribution to this momentum. This study provides an insight into FAO’s VGGT Implementation Programme, reflecting upon the lessons learned to date from a broad range of initiatives and country projects. It captures the dynamic nature of global and national developments in the governance of tenure and sets out key strategies to meet these emerging challenges which are included in the next phase of FAO’s Implementation Programme.