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02-01: Private Sector Business Models in Land Administration
Public-Private Partnerships as a Tool to Promote Sustainable Land Administration: Cabo Verde as a Promising Candidate in a Development Context
1DAI, United Kingdom; 2DAI, United Kingdom
Public-Private Partnerships (PPPs) have a long history of being used effectively for infrastructure projects and more recently are being used in the context of services. The experience of using PPPs for land administration services is limited but with some notable success in developed economies. In a development context, where donor-funded titling or regularization projects often face serious challenges of sustainability, a PPP approach could provide a model for completing reforms nation-wide and sustaining progress initially achieved in a “project” setting. Donor-funded projects often fall short of covering an entire nation’s cadastre due to time and budget constraints. Moreover, projects may not last long enough to solidly establish information systems to record all subsequent transactions
Cabo Verde presents a promising setting for a PPP approach. With donor support, Cabo Verde has embarked on an ambitious initiative to create a multi-functional cadastre. But the support will cover only four of the nation’s nine inhabited islands. A PPP approach could provide an effective mechanism to complete the nation’s cadastre and ensure a transition to a modern cadastre where all subsequent transactions are sustainably maintained. The country’s modest size represents a very manageable context in which to implement the PPP on nationwide scale.
LRA's Geo-Spatial Systems and Databases
Land Registration Authority, Philippines
In the Philippines, Land Registration Authority is currently implementing the Land Computerization Project, which has Geographic Information System and map database derived from the technical description of the Certificates of Title. These are powerful tools that are used to identify the location of properties and the identification of properties falling within specified parameters and areas of interest.
LRA provides Geo-spatial Services:
o Local Government Taxation – delivery of parcel map databases to be used to migrate and update existing real property tax maps, ensure the accuracy of their records, and increase in tax collection efficiency.
o Agrarian Reform – Ensure that lands targeted are within areas/domains classified as alienable and disposable.
o Asset Identification – For water utility companies in identifying titled properties falling within the area of interest.
o Rivers, Waterways, Dams, Irrigation - For Government’s river and waterways rehabilitation effort and irrigation expansion program by identifying titled properties and the land covered, which fall within the corridor of the alignment of interest specified.
o Electrical Power Transmission, Roads and Railways - acquisition of right-of-way for transmission lines, towers, roads, railways, and bridges by identifying titled properties and land covered which fall within the corridor of the alignment of interest specified.
Registry Cadastre Services Decentralization In The Property Management System In Honduras
Programa de Administración de Tierras de Honduras PATH, Honduras
The property services decentralization has been included as one of the necessary requirements to cope with the challenges arising in the growth of the transactional volume of properties rights operations increasing of user’s expectations of improve the services quality, and reducing costs and response times resulting in thrusted registry.
Through this mechanism, the Honduran National Administration System of the Property (SINAP), seeks to take the route towards decentralization hoping to achieve efficiency, transparency and agility in the transactions; thus, creating a greater dynamics in the land market.
The background of a decentralized administration model.
The Honduran National Administration System of the Property, based on the Property law passed by Decree 82-2004, faculty the Property Institute to designate and regulate Partners Centers for operating and managing the registry services that rely on the Property Institute, considering that services administration through a public-private partnership count with mechanisms and more agile procedures to respond to the requirements for the establishment and promotion of a stock market.
The first Partner Institution delegating was the Honduran Chambers of Commerce and Industries, of the managing and operation of the commercial register, in July 2006. Ten years later, in April 2016, was formed the second Associated Center.