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01-07: Mobile Technologies for Collecting Land Data
Crowd-sourcing For A Sustainable Land Cadaster – Can SiGIT Be A Lever ?
1EXI Lda, Mozambique; 2DINAT - National Land Directorate of Mozambique; 3MB Consulting
The document makes a description of the experience of implementing a land information management system to support the development of the national cadastre in Mozambique as part of the programs to reform Mozambique’s land administration system, making along the description several considerations based on current thinking on how to better approach business transformation supported by modern IS/IT technology.
In essence it argues in favor of a more rigorous business and IS planning, using appropriate instruments for that, and confirming the crucial importance of establishing appropriate business capabilities in the various land administration functions required to execute its business processes.
In response to the interest in exploring crowd-sourcing based business models for field data collection, using new mobile apps, different aspects are listed that should be considered for building the business case to implement crowd-sourcing as a means to accelerate data registration, lower its costs, create flexibility for data life-cycle management, and empower the communities for their land rights for sustainable economic development.
The paper ends making considerations and recommendations about sustainability, scalability and security of designed and implemented technological solutions, and about the need to accept that these transformations will take longer term to implement, and need a long term thinking approach.
Combining Administrative and Open Source Data for Monitoring Land Governance : Mapping Women Land Rights in the Context of UN’s SDG in India
1Center for Land Governance, NRMC, India; 2Delhi University, India; 3Council for Social Development, India
Production and accessibility of reliable data are important for evidence-based decisions land governance. With progressive reforms around land laws and institutions, India has attempted to make land governance more gender-equitable and land information easily accessible. Monitoring for women land rights (WLR) indicators related to SDG require availability of periodic and reliable gender disaggregated data on ‘agricultural land’ and ‘agricultural population’. Available administrative and open source data at appropriate levels as prescribed by UNSTAT and as used in Gender and Land Rights Database (GLRD) provide India seamless opportunities to monitor and improve engendered land governance. With SDG indicator works just begun globally, India has a strategic advantage to advance SDG reporting, while also contributing to informed land governance nationally. In this direction, this paper builds SDG indicators by comparing and using available datasets, individually and in combinations. Using agriculture census database, it illustrates the spatial distribution and temporal trends around WLR. It attempts their validation by comparing them with indicators reported in micro-studies, based on primary data. It examines the link between the spatial and temporal variability of WLR and relevant land governance frameworks in the concerned states to see if the correlations can inform policy and improve gender-equitable land governance.
Using Mobile Phones, GPS, and the Cloud to Deliver Faster, Cheaper, and More Transparent Land Titles: the Case of Burkina Faso
1National Land Observatory of Burkina Faso; 2Independent Consultant; 3The Cloudburst Group
In Burkina Faso, an ambitious rural land-tenure reform was put into law that, among other things, allows holders of customary land rights to register them and receive documentation that makes the rights more durable and transparent. The pace of applying this law in the field has been slow, however. In response, a pilot project adapted a mobile technology solution – “MAST” – to map and prepare documentation for 2,000 agricultural land parcels quickly and in a transparent manner. The MAST technology is designed for use by villagers with high-school educations, allows for real-time data entry, and is configured to comply with the legal requirements for land-rights formalization. This paper presents the results of the pilot project, lessons learned, and conclusions about the efficacy of the MAST technology in the challenging rural environment of Burkina Faso.
Need For Uniform Technological Approaches For Implementation of Operations Secure Land in Rural West Africa: Comparative Study Case of Benin, Burkina Faso and Senegal.
Bureau Etudes ATLAS GIS, Benin
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