Thinking Local: Can Local Land Administration Systems Avoid the Pitfalls of National Land Systems?
1Kartverket, Norway; 2Lantmäteriet, Sweden; 3Cadasta
An ongoing challenge in land administration, particularly in emerging economies, relates to the difficulty in implementing modern, enterprise level nationwide land registration and cadastral systems.
The collaboration involving Kartverket, Lantmäteriet and Cadasta Foundation to pilot an approach for implementing a local land information system that can be used both for managing property rights and to allow for more effective property tax collection at the local level. The key to success is involving the local community and visible hands on results, tangible improvements for the vulnerable person, which will be achieved focusing on local commitment, and a combination of low cost and fit for purpose tools, including drones for imagery, open source software for data management, mobile applications and paper based tools for data collection. This localized system does not require the same complexity in terms of workflows, IT-infrastructure and historical data integration. All to demonstrate that localized land information systems can be sustainable, equitable and cost effective, particularly when managed by trained local community members.
Integrating Low Cost/Open Source Gis And Remote Sensing In Urban Planning In Developing Countries – Case Of Blantyre City, Malawi
BLANTYRE CITY COUNCIL, Malawi
The manual method to manage urban planning and development control has always been the traditional way. In the late 1990s, thanks to the advent of Geographic Information System (GIS) and remote sensing technologies, the process of urban planning in Malawi received a new impetus. Capturing the spatial details by remote sensing either by satellite images and organising the data under GIS offered tremendous ease in undertaking urban planning activities. Unfortunately among other problems, the practical use of GIS has always been hampered by the lack of adequate resources to procure GIS software and satellite images . Use of low cost/ open source GIS software and online free satellite images can be a solution to spatial and non spatial data management for urban planning management and development control. This can help many municipal councils in developing countries reduce urban planning challenges. In this paper, various examples have been used to show how low cost/open source GIS software and free satellite image integration in urban planning management and development control can solve planning problems.
Redressing the Municipal Affairs with Digital Spatial Data toward Responsible Land Governance
YCPPL, York University, Canada
This research offers a basis for spatial data management case in point that the land governance strategy denoting as a routine of digital spatial data legacy development is a major stipulation to the “land resources” and the “community services”. Until 2015, Ontario’s municipalities cover just 17 percent of its landmass where the municipal affairs pace complications in land use reckoned to the seven provincial plans. The Greater Golden Horseshoe Growth Plan often cloaks the multi-jurisdictional constraints, for example, the amendment of the municipal zoning ordinance, land registry and surveys, land claims and conciliation, and housing options and taxation. The emphasis is to contour: first, identification of the key attributes and entity-sets; second, structuring of the geo-relational database connecting the local activities at the dissemination areas; and finally, the thematic features of each municipality and their contiguity. On the contrary, responsible land governance in municipal affairs is obviously substance at least to the three central obligations such as approach in integrated land management, shared periphery negotiation for economic and environmental growth moratoria, and digital data automation properties and protocols. The suggestion is that a massive development of digital spatial data is necessary to readdress the municipal affairs toward responsible land governance.
Capturing Property Boundaries from Ortho-photos to Support Systematic Registration
University of Zambia, Zambia
According to a 2015 report from the Ministry of Lands, Natural Resources and Environmental Protection (MLNREP) which is responsible for land administration, there are only a paltry 142,000 titles in the land registers for the whole Zambia. This is not justified for a country with a population of 16 million (2016 estimates), a territorial area of 753,000 square kilometres, and yearning for accelerated economic development. The MLNREP, therefore, initiated two pilot studies in Lusaka to capture property boundaries and other features from 10 cm or 20 cm ortho-photos. The aim of the pilot studies was to test the use of ortho photos in capturing property boundaries as a basis for systematic titling and registration. Over a two week period, two officers were assigned to do the mapping and produced over a thousand properties in the Kalingalinga pilot area. For the other study site, Mtendere, eleven students from the University of Zambia were engaged. In two months they captured one thousand nine hundred and six (1906) property boundaries and four thousand and nine (4009) building structures. The target for the MLNREP is to issue 30 million titles over a ten year period for the whole country.