Conference Agenda

The conference agenda provides an overview and details of sessions. In order to view sessions on a specific day or for a certain room, please select an appropriate date or room link. You may also select a session to explore available abstracts and download papers and presentations.

Only Sessions at Location/Venue 
Session Overview
Location: MC 13-121
Date: Monday, 20/Mar/2017
1:30pm - 4:00pmReview White Paper Operational Domain Standards for Land Administration

By invitation only - please contact


MC 13-121 

Overview White Paper Review Process

Cornelis de Zeeuw

Kadaster, Netherlands, The


Introduction White Paper on standardization and LADM

Christiaan Lemmen

Kadaster, Netherlands, The


Date: Tuesday, 21/Mar/2017
8:30am - 10:00am01-02: Political and Economic Challenges of Land Policy Reform
Session Chair: Denis Boskovski, World Bank, United States of America

Translation Ukranian, VC; Streaming.

MC 13-121 

Challenges Faced in Implementing Land Market Reform in Ukraine and Ways to Overcome Them

Maksym Martynyuk1, Denis Bashlyk2

1Ministry of Agrarian Policy and Food, Ukraine; 2Stategeocadastre, Ukraine

To be completed

Land Governance Monitoring as a Key Element of Land Market Reform: Deign, Key Insights, and Implications for Moving Forward

Denys Nizalov1, Klaus Deininger2

1University of Kent/ KEI at KSE, United Kingdom; 2The World Bank, United States of America

To be completed

Where Will Demand for Land Come From? Evidence from Farm Models

Oleg Nivievskyi1, Heinz Strubenhoff2

1Kyiv Economic Institute/ Kyiv School of Economics, Ukraine; 2IFC, United States of America

Farmland market in Ukraine is not fully functional due to the farmland sales ban or moratorium that effectively prohibits sales transactions for over 15 years already. Yet under the pressure of economic hardship and badly needed investments in the country and to some extend under the pressure from international donors, the moratorium is expected to be lifted from 2018. One of the important parameters of the future farmland sales market is a potential demand. Its estimate will help to analyse a potential price development over the initial period after lifting moratorium, an extend of needed market restrictions and potential demand for financial resources from the banking sector. In this paper we try to estimate a potential farmland demand from agricultural producers using two approaches: 1) by using recent farm surveys, and 2) farm level performance data for a population of agricultural producers in Ukraine for 2013-2015. Both approaches demonstrate rather close results.

Long Term Land Financing Requirements in Ukraine

Leah Soroka

IFC, World Bank Group

The government is considering removing the moratorium on the sale of land. The buying and selling of agriculture land requires access to significant amounts of financing. Therefore, the sale of agriculture land could be a game changer in the development of the agriculture and banking sectors of Ukraine. The presentation describes opportunities and challenges which arise for the land market in case the moratorium is lifted.

Demystifying Land Reform in Ukraine by Improving Public Awareness

Olexandr Kaliberda

Chemonics International, Ukraine

To be completed

Creation of National Spatial Data Infrastructure in Ukraine: Implementation of Projects, Financed by Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA)

Dmytro Makarenko, Oleksandr Maliuk

State Service of Ukraine for Geodesy, Cartography and Cadastre, Ukraine

In 2013 the State Land Cadastre System was launched in Ukraine with support of the World Bank. Following best international approaches and in order to ensure effective use of geographical information, avoid duplication of expenses for its creation and maintenance and for preventing or reaction to natural disasters StateGeoCadastre initiated the creation of National Spatial Data Infrastructure (NSDI) in Ukraine – the system, which will combine layers with different geospatial information and give access to all geospatial data, which are available in the country, via Geoportal. In 2015 StateGeoCadstre with support of Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) launched the project “Creation of NSDI in Ukraine”, which is aimed on creation of Prototype of National Spatial Data Infrastructure on the pilot area. The pilot territory is 1000 sq. km. (Vinnytsia region, Ukraine), the territory of NSDI prototype is 11 sq. km. The interim results of the project, further plans for NSDI development will be covered during the presentation.

10:30am - 12:00pm02-02: Progress with Data Availability for Tracking the SDGs
Session Chair: Haishan Fu, The World Bank, United States of America

VC; Streaming.

MC 13-121 

Implementing the SDGs: Institutional responsibilities, timelines, and implications for land-related indicators

Gregory Scott, Francesca Perucci

United Nations Statistics Division, United States of America

To be completed

How the World Bank is supporting the SDG process

Neil Fantom

World Bank, United States of America

To be completed

Operationalizing indicator 1.4.2: Data availability, methodological issues, and country examples

Klaus Deininger1, Neil Fantom1, Umar Serajuddin1, Eduardo Moreno2

1World Bank, United States of America; 2UN Habitat, United States of America

We explore the extent to which existing household- and administrative data can help operationalize SDG indicator 1.4.2. Widely available data (Census, DHS, MICS, LSMS) point to stark gender differences but little meaningful variation in house or land ‘ownership’ or perceived levels of tenure security, suggesting that information on area registered or mapped from administrative sources will have to be at the core of efforts to operationalize this indicator. We discuss available data and ways to collect them globally and use country examples to point towards data quality; validity; and sustainability as key areas for attention, provide initial suggestions on how to operationalize these, and show how doing so can inform policy and programs. We also illustrate how linking registry to socio-economic data and household surveys at different levels allows incorporating equity and distributional dimensions; quantifying informality; and exploring the incidence of rare events (e.g. disputes). Steps to increase coverage, in collaboration with local institutions and in a way that builds local capacity, are drawn out.

A Standard Land Module for Multi-topic Household Surveys

Daniel Ayalew Ali1, Gero Carletto1, Klaus Deininger1, Marguerite Duponchel1, Thea Hilhorst1, Heather Moylan2, Harriet Mugera2

1The World Bank, United States of America; 2The World Bank, Italy

Although land is a key asset for individuals, households, and societies, complexity and variation in institutional arrangements imply that, although land sections of relevant questionnaires are large, coverage of non-agricultural land and consistency of the information collected, e.g. with respect to gender is often limited. To improve consistency in data collection without sacrificing relevance, this note presents a parcel module and questions community level that can be integrated into ongoing survey instruments with minimal adaptation (in terms of coding). This will allow existing surveys to be used more effectively to facilitate richer analysis, build local capacity, and report on key land indicators, including those for the SDGs, in a comparable way. It will also help open up new areas of analysis by helping to integrate household surveys with administrative data or remotely sensed imagery.

How Geospatial information can make the SDGs more actionable: Overall framework and specific opportunities for indicator 1.4.2

Steven Ramage1, Gregory Scott2

1Group on Earth Observations (GEO), France; 2United Nations Statistics Division, United States of America

To be completed

2:15pm - 3:45pm03-02: Expanding African Capacity for Land Governance
Session Chair: Michael Toman, World Bank, United States of America


MC 13-121 

Building Research Capacity on Land in Africa: Harnessing AERC's Experience

Lemma Senbet, Innocent Matshe

African Economic Research Consortium (AERC), Kenya

To be completed

How NELGA Hubs can Help Support Informed Land Policy at National and Regional Level

Charl-Thom Hilgardt Bayer

Namibia University of Science and Technology, Namibia

The Network of Excellence on Land Governance in Africa (NELGA) proposed that regional educational hubs be established in order to support informed land policy development and implementation. The goal is to support the establishment of networks, support curriculum development, training, research and knowledge diffusion as well as to support monitoring and evaluation in land policy development. Policy formation is a slow process and should be informed with appropriate theories. In order to better inform the policy development process it is necessary to conduct research to inform our theories and to conduct public outreach to contribute to the policy development process. NELGA hubs should integrated public outreach and research in their mainstream activities in order achieve their goals. It is suggested that the hubs consider public outreach as a key priority that runs parallel to their research activities, and that public outreach should precede research. Outreach should be conducted at different scales and should include the use of social media. Regular publication of even preliminary research work, not only in journals, is required to engage the policy makers. This provides sufficient, and appropriate, information with which to engage policy makers.

Supporting Access to Spatial Data and Capacity: A Regional Perspective

Emmanuel Nkurunziza

Regional Centre for Mapping of Resources for Development (RCMRD), Rwanda

To be completed

NEPAD's Role in Strengthening National Institutions for Data and Land Policy Analysis: Opportunities to Build on LGAF

Mandi Rukuni1, Estherine Fotabong2, Rudo Makunike2

1NEPAD, Zimbabwe; 2NEPAD, South Africa

To be completed

Long-term Benefits from Supporting National Policy-making through Spatial Data and Analysis: The Example of Senegal

Assize Touré, Amadou Moctar Dieye

Centre de Suivi Ecologique (CSE), Senegal

To be completed

4:00pm - 5:30pm04-02: Approaches to Securing Common Land in Different Regions
Session Chair: Runsheng Yin, Michigan State University, United States of America


MC 13-121 

Exploring Participatory Prospective Analysis: A collaborative, Scenario-based Approach for Analyzing and Anticipating the Consequences of Tenure Reform Implementation

Nining Liswanti

Center for International Forestry Research, Indonesia

The Government of Indonesia has made a commitment to putting 12.7 million hectares of state-owned forestry land under community management. Implementation of this ambitious reform in forest rights was intended to engender active collaboration between state and non-state institutions. However, limited coordination in planning and implementation has observed among stakeholders. Participation of local communities is limited. The Participatory Prospective Analysis (PPA), a foresight based co-elaborative approach, is used as an entry point for engaging stakeholders, in the process of forest reform implementation, to ensure that local voices are accommodated.

This synthesis paper show the most relevant results from Indonesia case, where actors with diverse interests have explored and anticipated trajectories of tenure security, identify actions to mitigate negative implications, and promote positive changes. The PPA processes can be instrumental in strengthening the stakeholders’ capacity to anticipate future consequences of a policy option with regards to the future scenario through the implementation of forest reform including the drivers of tenure security and actions plan to be implemented across multiple settings and governance levels. It is also shows the usefulness and viability of the approach for enhancing collaborative governance of tenure and building robust institutions in support of equitable tenure reform implementation.

Collective Titling in Peru: Challenges and Opportunities

Iliana Monterroso1, Anne M. Larson1, Zoila Cruz-Burga2, Alejandra Zamora1

1CIFOR, Peru; 2UNALM, Universidad Nacional Agraria La Molina, Peru

Peru has been at the forefront of Latin American countries with a large number of indigenous peoples lands titled in the Amazon. Since 1974, more than 2,000 communities have been titled over 11 million hectares. While this is an important progress, pending demands over recognition of indigenous lands has been estimated around 20 million hectares, about 1,000 communities are yet to be titled. Based on extensive research on forest tenure reforms by the Center for International Forestry Research, this paper will present results from a global comparative study on how reform around recognition of indigenous collective titling emerged and has been implemented in Peru. It will assess the progress and current constrains to implementation. It will also discuss challenges and opportunities to sustain outcomes on livelihoods at the local level. This paper is organized in three sections. The first section provides a brief discussion on tenure reform processes, reviewing important provisions in key reforms recognizing collective rights to land and forests. The second section weighs these formal legal regulations against actual implementation practices. Finally, the third section analyzes these changes to discuss lessons on how implementation processes can improve or hinder tenure security of indigenous communal lands in Peru.

Securing Forest Tenure Rights for Rural Development in Latin America

Gerardo Segura Warnholtz

The World Bank Group, United States of America

This contribution presents the results of a six-country study designed to assess the current status of forest tenure reforms in Latin America and identify the actions needed by governments to leverage sustained political, institutional, financial, and technical support to strengthen and operationalize them. It aims to contribute to the discussion and analysis currently under way in many countries in Latin America, and in other parts of the world, regarding the key policy, legal, institutional and technical elements that are needed to strengthen, secure and expand indigenous and community forest tenure. The study presents key overarching findings from the six country studies, and concludes with recommendations for future work, including recommendations on ways government and donor programs can support further recognition and support of indigenous and community forest rights. A particular contribution of this study is that it goes beyond previous assessments of legal frameworks or the geographical extent of recognition to examine the challenges and limitations of implementation of forest tenure reforms. This is a critical area of focus as countries move beyond the enactment of reforms to focus increasingly on the institutional and regulatory conditions needed for the effective realization of forest tenure rights.

Making Legality Work to Recognize Land Rights, Improve Land Governance, and Combat Forest Conversion

Sandra Nichols Thiam, Lea Turunen, Christophe Van Orshoven

European Forest Institute FLEGT/REDD+ Unit, Spain

The new wave of tropical deforestation driven by global commodity trade is driven in part by widespread disregard of land rights and governance challenges in land allocation. Forest land is being cleared for agriculture and other uses at a staggering rate and much of this forest conversion is illegal. Thus, trade in timber emanating from such conversion is also illegal. The European Union’s Forest Law Enforcement Governance and Trade initiative (FLEGT) has been a key contributor to reduction in illegality in tropical timber trade, by combining market pressure with a stakeholder-driven approach to identifying and establishing a system to ensure timber exports are legal. The system is developed and applied through trade agreements called Voluntary Partnership Agreements (VPAs). FLEGT stands out among governance reform efforts in the commitment and composition of stakeholders, the technical focus, and its continuing and accountable nature. Lessons from FLEGT show the potential of deliberative transformation of legal frameworks, systems for continued assurance of accountability, and platforms for meaningful dialogue on equal footing for improving land governance.

Date: Wednesday, 22/Mar/2017
8:30am - 10:00am05-02: Forest Tenure Reform Implementation: What have we Learned?
Session Chair: Esther Mwangi, Center for International Forestry Research, Kenya

Translation Spanish, Streaming.

MC 13-121 


Anne Larson


Over the past two decades many countries in Africa, Asia and Latin America have adopted and implemented reforms in the natural resources sectors that have aimed at devolving or decentralizing forest and land management to lower levels of governance. The reforms have been aimed at securing the tenure rights of local communities living adjacent to forest resources as a pathway to improved livelihoods and sustainable use and management of forest resources. In addition, reforms have also targeted increased participation of different actors in decision making including women and marginalized groups. In the past five years, some countries have reviewed and re-authorized their laws while others are currently in the process of review and re-adjustment. It will involve a presentation of evidence and lessons from CIFORs Global Comparative Study on Tenure (GCS-Tenure)—see:

Key Lessons from CIFORs Global Comparative Study on Tenure Reform Implementation

Esther Mwangi, Tuti Herawati

Center for International Forestry Research, Kenya

To be completed

Case Study Colombia

Andrea Olaya

Land Titling Office, Colombia

To be completed

Case Study Indonesia

Hadi Daryanto

Ministry of Environment and Forestry, Indonesia

To be completed

Case Study Kenya

Emilio Mugo

Kenya Forest Service, Kenya

To be completed

Case Study Nepal

Krishna Prasad Acharya

Ministry of Forest and Soil Conservation, Nepal, Nepal

To be completed

Case Study Peru

Ronald Elwar Salazar Chavez

Ministry of Agriculture and Irrigation, Peru

To be completed

Case Study Uganda

Mary Goretti Kitutu Kimono, Bob Kazungu

Ministry of Water and Environment, Uganda

To be completed


Gerardo Segura Warnholtz

The World Bank Group, United States of America

To be completed

Closing Remarks

Andy White

Rights and Resources Initiative, United States of America

To be completed

10:30am - 12:00pm06-02: New Ways of Low-Cost Parcel Demarcation?
Session Chair: Emmanuel Nkurunziza, Regional Centre for Mapping of Resources for Development (RCMRD), Kenya


MC 13-121 

Parcel boundary adjustment of old cadastral maps with UAV images for efficient cadastral resurveying project in Rep. of Korea

Yong Huh

LX Korea Land and Geospatial Informatix Corporation, Korea, Republic of (South Korea)

Currently, high quality images taken by unmanned aerial vehicle have attracted great attention because of fast and low-cost acquirement of geo-spatial data. One of important applications is quality assessment of old maps by comparing the maps and images. Then, out-of-dated geo-spatial objects in the maps can be removed or new real-world entities which do not reflected in the maps can be updated. Moreover, low positional accuracy of objects in the map can be improved by means of finding corresponding features between the maps and images. In Rep. of Korea, the cadastral resurveying project is a national-wide government project to revise and update old graphic cadastral map into accurate digital cadastral data. Previous field surveying methods such as total station or GPS surveys require significant time and cost so that a new method with fast and low-cost acquirement of geo-spatial data needs to be developed. In this study, a map conflation technique to obtain corresponding geometries between an old cadastral map and a UAV image and adjust the map into the image is proposed and experimented.

Mass Registration of Land Parcels Using Fit-for-Purpose Land Administration: Procedures and Methods

Tarek Zein

Hansa Luftbild AG, Germany

In many countries land parcels have not yet been demarcated and registered. With no complete and accurate land register a country cannot effectively manage its land and resources. It will need to carry out mass registration and establish the land administration system necessary to ensure secure land tenure, which in turn can attract national and international investors. The fit-for-purpose land administration approach has been applied in many countries in Asia, Eastern Europe and Africa. When mass registration is necessary there are two main procedures / methods which may be followed. For the purposes of this paper the two procedures will be labelled respectively the Carta and Terra procedures: (1) the Carta procedure because community participation commences with marking up boundaries on an orthophoto map and (2) the Terra procedure because community participation commences with marking up boundaries on the ground before producing the orthophoto maps. Both these procedures adhere to the fit-for-purpose land administration approach principle, in that they are flexible, inclusive, participatory, affordable, reliable, attainable, and upgradable. Countries which plan to implement mass land registration can choose which of the two procedures fits them best or choose the procedure that combines the advantages of both methods.

Low Cost, Post Conflict Cadastre with Modern Technology

Brent Jones1, Christiaan Lemmen2, Mathilde Molendijk2

1Esri, United States of America; 2Kadaster International, Netherlands

As Colombia continues the long road to peace, they recognize a key component to sustained peace and economic growth will be their cadastre. Choosing not to implement a system with traditional approaches, Colombia is embracing new technology, innovative approaches and recognized standards. This presentation will detail the technology used including Android, survey accurate GPS, LADM, and ArcGIS Online combined with innovative ways to collect ownership information. This presentation will detail technology used and the status of progress in Colombia.

The e migration

Mariamu Ali El-Maawy

Ministry of Lands and Physical Planning Kenya, Kenya

Automating Land Services in Kenya has presented a unique challenge due to the various transitions in land legislation and administration.

The transformation has required deliberate action in a country accustomed to the specific tools commonly used in mobile phone platforms rather than online and e registers and transactions.

A multi dimensional approach to resolve, land Governance, land administration and sustainable land management in Kenya.

12:30pm - 2:00pmSmallholders and private sector working towards sustainable sugar production in India
Session Chair: Jose Masjuan, IFC, United States of America
MC 13-121 

Promoting Smart Land and Water Use for Climate Smart Sugarcane: Focus on Smallholder Behaviour Change with a Robust Business Case

Harsh Vivek, Suparna Jain, Rajpal Singh, Richard Colback, Charles Lor, Ernest Bethe

International Finance Corporation

India is one of the most vulnerable countries to climate change which threatens to push millions of smallholders back into poverty. With growing population, there is an ever-increasing competition for scarce natural resources, particularly land and water, to meet the demand for food-fibre-fodder-fuel. There is a need to support smallholders for behaviour change through capacity building to adopt climate smart agriculture practices that encourage smart land and water use, enhance on-farm resource efficiency and safeguard livelihoods from climate-related shocks.

IFC is supporting two Indian agribusiness companies to build capacity of 100,000 smallholder sugarcane farmers to adopt climate smart sugarcane cultivation practices, focused on sustainable land and water use. Since inception in 2012, the project has increased sugarcane farm yields by 20 percent, increased farm incomes by 25 percent and 75 billion litres in farm water-use avoided. The sugar companies have benefitted through improved sourcing, higher business volumes and greater farmer loyalty.

The project underscores the need for a “win-win” business case for both the farmers and the private sector that promotes smart land and water use in the commodity value-chains. Based on a robust business case, the private sector can play a leadership role in contributing to Sustainable Development Goals.

Smallholder Agri-supply Chains

Ernest Bethe

International Finance Corporation, Indonesia


Partnership Management in Agribusiness Supplychains

Harsh Vivek

International Finance Corporation, India


Good Practices for Agri-Water and Irrigation/Water Management

Richard Colback

international Finance corporation, United States of America


Agronomic Practices for Smart Land Use

Rajpal Singh

International Finance Corporation, India


Smallholder Supply-chain Development and Sustainable Resource Use: a Private Sector Perspective

Chris Brown

Olam, United Kingdom


2:15pm - 3:45pm07-02: Will Blockchain Technology Revolutionize Land Administration?
Session Chair: Josephus van Erp, Maastricht University, Netherlands, The


MC 13-121 

Blockchain-Based Land Administration, feasible, illusory or a panacea?

Jacob Vos, Christiaan Lemmen, Bert Beentjes

Dutch Cadastre, Land Registry and Mapping Agency (Kadaster), Netherlands, The

October 31st 2015, the Economist wrote an article about the use of Blockchain as a ‘Trust Machine’, stating: “The spread of blockchains is bad for anyone in the “trust business” (…), such as (…) government authorities that are deemed sufficiently trustworthy to handle transactions”.

In this paper we describe the possible use of blockchain technology in Land Administration. Among other recent developments in the field of blockchain technology (technical maturity, hard fork) and Governance (DAO, hacks), we describe the relationship between Person, Objects and Rights in a Land Administration system and the complexity within these three elements: identity of a person, legal diversity ('bundle of rights') and the diversity in objects (including the possible use of bitsquares).

One of the central elements in this paper will be the principles of Good Governance in Land Administration. Are these principles met in a Blockchain-based system of Land Administration, developed and tested in various countries? The proposed system needs transparency, accountability, security (rule of law) and consistency. Is the technique (already) mature enough and is it feasible for Developing countries? It needs to be Fit For Purpose. Depending on the various (legal) systems, do we need (all) current actors in Land Administration processes?

Blockchain and Land Register - A New "Trust Machine"?

Mats Snäll

Lantmäteriet, the Swedish Mapping, Cadaster and Land Registration Authority, Sweden

Systems; legal as well as technical; for land registration and cadaster are built on trust and confidence for the public held processes for securing rights and information about property. Many national systems has taken centuries to build and some has not even started. The digitization and information era has increased the pace of development and even fairly new IT-systems must be changed in order to work according to demands from the new generation of the general public, citizens and companies using the public services.

Sometimes inventions like Internet, social media or Blockchain comes up and make bigger impacts to what we do. The blockchain technology is very much spoken of these days and some say it is the "new Internet thing". This contribution reflects on some land administration issues relating to the new technology based on experiences from a Swedish project where the Land Registry tried the blockchain.

Setting Up a Real-estate Pilot

Henrik Hjelte

ChromaWay, Sweden

ChromaWay have pioneered blockchain since 2012, when our CTO made the first implementation in the world of code that allows you to issue assets on the (bitcoin) blockchain. This was one of or even the first protocol that made financial institutions interested in blockchain. In 2014 we started ChromaWay.

ChromaWay are now the sole blockchain company working in a project comprised of companies and banks in nordics which involves SBAB, Landshypotek bank, Telia company and the Swedish land registry (We’re working now to add a couple of more institutions in the Nordics). We released a real-estate pilot which can be seen here: and in March 2017 we’re launching a sandbox based on our product configured real-estate transactions, mortgages and property titles together with our banking partners. This Sandbox will be tested by the land registry out of a security, legal and business perspective.

Blockchain – Can This New Technology Really Revolutionize The Land Registry System?

Maurice Barbieri2, Jean-Yves Pirlot2, Dominik Gassen1,4, Hanns-Jakob Pützer3, Raul Radoi4, Nicola Maria Hoischen1, Florian Lebourdais5

1Federal Chamber of German Civil Law Notaries (BNotK); 2The Council of European Geodetic Surveyors (CLGE); 3International Notarial Cooperation Commission (CCNI)/ (UINL); 4Council of the Notariats of the European Union (CNUE); 5Ordre de Géomètres-Experts (OGE)

Some claim that a blockchain-based approach to registering property titles could increase the efficiency of conveyancing significantly and even prevent fraud. It is also said that property transactions could be handled on a blockchain in a similar way to payments between parties using digital currencies. Last year a project to blockchain the land register of Honduras was launched to give the owners of the nearly 60 percent of undocumented land an incentive to register their property officially. Apparently the project has stalled. But there are more developing countries considering blockchain a suitable technology to build their land registry system on. However, any decision to use the blockchain technology for land registries should be preceded by a thorough assessment of its risks and legal impacts. There are good reasons why most land register systems are kept by the government or other public agencies. Trusted third parties such as notaries and surveyors who are strictly supervised by government agencies have to make sure that the information entered into the register is accurate and complete. But who would be liable if damage is caused by false entries in the blockchain-based system? And who would be able to control the input into the blockchain?

Blockchain’s Struggle to Deliver Impersonal Exchange

Benito Arrunada

Pompeu Fabra University, Spain

With its decentralized peer-to-peer structure, application of the blockchain technology underpinning Bitcoin holds the promise of making impersonal exchange possible for all types of old and new transactions in all types of markets. Such theoretical promise is examined here by identifying what value blockchain adds to the contractual process, exploring its contractual potential and analyzing the main difficulties it is facing.

The article argues that blockchain applications will evolve towards dual structures separating causal and formal transactions. Contrary to naive conceptions that proclaim the end of intermediaries and state involvement, such applications will rely on a variety of interface and enforcement specialists, including standard public interventions, especially for property transactions. Without these interventions, blockchain will at most work as an in personam—instead of as an in rem—system, therefore facilitating mere personal instead of impersonal transactions.

Using Blockchain in Georgia

Papuna Ugrekhelidze, Elene Grigolia

National Agency of Public Registry, Georgia

Georgia is one of the first countries in the world using the Blockchain technology for immovable property registration.

The works on integrating registration services in Blockchain started in 2016. The first phase of cooperation with the BitFury Group involved development of the pilot project on using blockchain technology for immovable property registration, which has been successfully completed.

Since 2017, NAPR moved to the second phase of implementation of Blockchain technology, which envisages enactment of the pilot project and introduction of the "smart-contracts".

Information about the extract on any immovable property is automatically sent to the Blockchain system. It is impossible to delete, alter, rewrite or illegally manipulate the data stored in Blockchain.

The innovation means to assign a special hash to the immovable property extract. The hash is a sequence of symbols, which is unique for each document if the same algorithm is used. The identical hashes in the Blockchain system and NAPR website confirm authenticity of the extract. The old extracts, i.e. those prepared till 20th of February, 2017, are possible to store in the Blockchain system only upon their renewal.

Consequently, with Blockchain, NAPR makes information on immovable property even more secure, transparent and accessible around the world.

4:00pm - 5:30pm08-02: Using Land Policy for Sustainable Value Chains: the case of Brazil
Session Chair: Pablo Pacheco, Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR), Indonesia

VC; Streaming.

MC 13-121 

Implementation of the CAR in the Amazon and Cerrado: Lessons learned and ways ahead

Gabriela Berbigier Gonçalves Guimarães Grisolia

Ministry of Environment, Brazil


Protection And Sustainable Use Of Tropical Forests Need Land Tenure Regularization - Evidence From Brazil

Bettina Kupper1, José Dumont Teixeira2, Ana Paula Ferreira de Carvalho2, Robson Disarz2, Otávio Moreira do Carmo Júnior3, Marcelo C. C. Stabile4, Tiago N. P. Reis4, Rogerio Cabral1, Pedro Iglesias B. Seibel1, Lucia Cristina Gama de Andrade2, Thamiris Alves de Almeida1

1Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH, Brazil; 2Superintendencia Nacional de Regularicacao Fundiaria da Amazonia - SRFA; 3Secretaria Extraordinária da Regularização Fundiária da Amazônia Legal - Serfal; 4Instituto de Pesquisa Ambiental da Amazônia – IPAM

The protection and socially and economically just development of the Amazon rainforest highly depends on responsible land governance and land tenure security. Going back in Brazilian history, land regularization has often led to deforestation, putting productive exploitation of land as a condition for obtaining a land title. This paradigm shifted with the creation of the Brazilian program "Terra Legal" in 2009 to regularize 57 million hectares of public federal lands in the Amazon as one of the main strategies to combat deforestation. Despite its progress in land tenure regularization, Terra Legal is challenged to demonstrate its contribution in combating illegal deforestation.

This paper discusses the environmental impact of land tenure regularization in the Amazon with the Terra Legal program. The article is based on a data analysis of rural land parcels situated on federal public lands, comparing the extent of deforestation over a period of 5 years (between 2009 and 2014) along two data sets: one before and another after having initiated a land regularization process. Preliminary results indicate that deforestation rates on lands that have not been addressed by Terra Legal are higher than of those benefitted by the program.

Using the CAR for accessing credit: The ABC experience

Edson Junqueira Leite

Ministry of Agriculture, Brazil


Policy Findings from Evaluating Landholders' Responses to CAR in Pará

Jessica L'Roe1, Lisa Rausch2, Jacob Munger2, Holly Gibbs2

1Middlebury College, United States of America; 2University of Wisconsin, Madison, United States of America

This study presents an evaluation of deforestation and registration behavior in response to the Rural Environmental Registry (CAR) in the Amazonian state of Pará. From late 2007 to 2013, approximately 100,000 properties covering 30 million hectares of self-declared claims were entered in this digital registry. We used fixed effects regression models and property level data to assess how registration influenced likelihood of deforestation on different sizes of properties. Registration had little initial impact on deforestation behavior, with the exception of a significant reduction on “smallholder” properties in the size range of 100–300 ha. We link this reduction to interacting incentives and suggest that desire to strengthen land claims motivates these landholders’ response to the environmental registry. We also present evidence that some landholders may be registering incomplete or inaccurate parcels to strategically benefit from policy incentives. Our results for smallholder properties indicate that environmental registries have potential to facilitate reductions in deforestation if combined with a favorable combination of incentives. However, in places where land tenure is still being negotiated, the utility of environmental registries for forest policy enforcement may be limited without ongoing investment to resolve uncertainty around land claims.

Deforestation on the Rise Again: the Role of the Private Sector Toward Zero Deforestation

Paulo Barreto

Amazon Institute of People and the Environment - IMAZON, Brazil

From 2005 to 2012, government, civil society and the private sector helped to reduce deforestation rates in the Brazilian Amazon by nearly 80%. Nevertheless, after three years of deforestation fluctuating around 5,500 km2, deforestation increased by 75% from 2012 to 2016 (when it reached 8,000 km2). Forest clearing increased because the government weakened environmental policies, the prices of agricultural commodities increased and the zero-deforestation beef commitments did not progress as expected (only half of meatpackers have signed agreements and no full traceability of cattle has been implemented). With the prospect of long political and budget crises in Brazil, reducing deforestation would depend more on private leadership.


Werner Kornexl

World Bank, United States of America


5:30pm - 6:30pmAddressing Land Tenure Rights in the World Bank Forest Action Plan
Session Chair: Karin Erika Kemper, The World Bank, United States of America
MC 13-121 
Date: Thursday, 23/Mar/2017
8:30am - 10:00am09-02: Doing Business: Quality of Land Administration
Session Chair: Sylvia Solf, World Bank, United States of America


MC 13-121 

Innovating Land Administration in Finland

Arvo Kokkonen

National Land Survey of Finland, Finland

To be added

Strengthening the Reliability of the Land Management System in Indonesia

Pelopor Yanto

National Land Agency of Republic of Indonesia, Indonesia

To be completed

Improving Quality and Reliability of Land Records: Germany’s Experience

Nicola Maria Hoischen

Federal Chamber of German Civil Law Notaries, Germany

abstract follows soon.

Realizing Land Administration Reforms in Punjab

Iqbal Muhammad Zafar

Punjab Land Records Authority, Pakistan

To be completed

Improving Belarus’ Ranking in Doing Business’ ‘Registering Property’ Section: Experience and Broader Implications

Alesia Khadasevich

National Cadastral Agency, Belarus

Belarus joining Doing business ranking in 2005 has been a powerful boost for the rapid upgrading of the registration system. Now Belarus is placed 5th on the Doing business “Property Registration” indicator. It has became possible thanks to the following achievements:

- Time for a usual procedure has been reduced from 14 to 5 working days, average process time time is now around 2,5 days;

- Electronic archives have been created;

- Registered territory percentage has been increased from 5 to 81;

- System transparency has been improved - now the information on legal background, procedure details, registered objects and property rights to them is available to any interested party;

- etc.

National Cadastral Agency sees more ways to improve the registration system, such as:

- The procedure time could potentially be reduced to 1 day and transition to online procedures;

- 100% of Belarus’s territory is to be registered;

- All documents necessary for property registration are to be processed through the electronic document management;

- Real estate register is to be integrated with the State basic information resources.

Today Belarus aims for the first place on the Doing business “Property Registration” indicator.

10:30am - 12:00pm10-02: Strengthening Land Governance in India
Session Chair: Dinesh Singh, Department of Land Resources, India


MC 13-121 

Improving land governance in India: Current status and next steps

Dinesh Singh

Department of Land Resources, India

To be completed

Land Governance in India: Lessons and opportunities in moving forward

Klaus Deininger

The World Bank, United States of America

To be fillled

Closing Remarkes

Maninder Gill

World Bank, United States of America

To be completed

1:00pm - 2:30pm11-02: Land Value Capture for Urban Revival
Session Chair: Somik V. Lall, World Bank, United States of America

Translation Japanese, Streaming.

MC 13-121 

Leveraging Land for Urban Development in Afghanistan

S. Sadat Mansoor Naderi

Ministry of Urban Development and Housing, Afghanistan, Islamic Republic of


Government of Afghanistan acknowledges the importance of leveraging land for financing urban development in Afghanistan. City For All is one of the programs launched to register urban properties. For better land management regulatory reform is another area that is more focused. Regulations for the registration of informal houses in urban areas; a land zoning law; and land-related inputs to PPP regulations, special Economic Zones (SEZs), and construction permit streamlining regulations have been prepared. Improve city wide transportation across all major cities to facilitate businesses is another key priority of government businesses. Added by the economic initiatives to change our cities to economic hubs and catalyst for development. Urban land regeneration is another aspect of urban development that the government is undertaking in major cities. Government of Afghanistan has undertaken key steps to increase revenue from the urban land to support urban development in Afghanistan.

In Search for Land in Kenya

Abdu Muwonge1, Lilian Kahindo1, Narae Choi2, Sheila Kamunyori1

1World Bank, Kenya; 2World Bank, United States of America

This paper discusses public land management and the process of compulsory land acquisition and resettlement in Kenya. It explains that public land in Kenya is not readily available due to sub-optimal management in the past. It focuses on policy, legal and institutional framework of land governance that discusses the historical context, post-independence land administration, reforms of the legislative framework for land management and the challenges of the reforms therein. It urges that with the ongoing land reforms in Kenya, both the county and national governments have continued to carry out land administration and management initiatives to address the chronic problems that have impeded efficient functioning of the land markets It explains the variance in land management practices at the county level and national level and adverse impacts arising from the lack of clarity in the national-level policies and institution. It further outlines the process of compulsory land acquisition, describing the convergence of legislation and practice with the international good practices using case study analysis of government and World Bank financed projects. It concludes with a set of proposed recommendations to enhance public land management and resettlement practices in Kenya.

Challenges of Land Issues to Investments in Kenya

Peter Mwangi

Walker Kontos, Kenya

The last decade has witnessed a raft of political and legal reforms in Kenya and the efforts has paid dividends. Kenya is experiencing an unprecedented surge in foreign direct investments in varied infrastructure projects. In most cases the projects are situate in rural areas creating a buzz of excitement and igniting opportunities for poverty reduction initiatives directly or indirectly. Indeed, transformative projects in a developing country should elicit positive stories of growth and poverty reduction with vistas of lit up villages and local initiatives catalysed by the infrastructure and ancillary opportunities.

For a growing number of projects however, what has hogged the limelight are firstly, challenges of setting up and dealing with restrictions imposed on foreign ownership of land in Kenya which often have a negative impact on the structure and funding of investments. Secondly, and certainly more vociferous are challenges of implementation which have witnessed disputes pitting proponents of projects and by extension the private equity funders and financiers against the community or small scale land holders where the projects are situate asserting contrary rights.

Land is at the centre of these challenges. This paper highlights these challenges faced by foreign investors and offers solutions to the problems.

Urban Land Regeneration in the US: Lessons from the Twin Cities

Sharon Sayles Belton

Thomson Reuters, United States of America

Lawsuit filed against the City of Minneapolis led to major urban renewal project that resulted in new safe and affordable housing of low income people and revitalization of an economically distressed area. The lawsuit alleged that federal and local governments operated public housing in a manner that created perpetual pattern of racial segregation. Settlement of the lawsuit resulted in a 100 million dollar award from the U. S. Housing and Urban Development (HUD) and partnership with regional planning agency to build more public and affordable housing through metropolitan region.

Case study of integrated railway and housing development (Kohoku New Town and Yokohama City metro development)

Kazuhiro Hotta

City of Yokohama, Japan

The Kohoku New Town project in Yokohama City, Japan achieved the following with the recovery of development profits from TOD (Transit Oriented Development)

- Government and land owners came together to create a new urban area

- Through land adjustment and railroad/subway development, total development and transportation infrastructure was created

- Daily convenience was increased and a green, warm living environment was provided

- Through the concentration of commercial and administrative functions, a city was created that draws any visitors from both inside and out of the city

2:45pm - 4:15pm12-02: Indigenous Peoples Movement around Tenure Rights
Session Chair: Ellysar Baroudy, World Bank, United States of America


MC 13-121 

Introductory Remarks

Ellysar Baroudy

World Bank, United States of America

To be completed

Experience and results with REDD+ Readiness in Africa

Daniel Sapit

IP Hub Africa, Kenya

The engagement of Indigenous peoples with the REDD+ mechanism is premised on opportunities that would be obtained with meaningful participation at all levels including at international spheres such as clarity on land tenure in Indigenous peoples' territories, push for needed forest policy and governance reforms to put Indigenous peoples at the center of forest governance, implementation of REDD+ safeguard policies to secure a variety of rights for Indigenous peoples and equitable sharing of benefits, diversified livelihood options and protection of Indigenous cultures and inclusion of traditional knowledge systems in REDD+ governance. The engagement was also cognizant of inherent risks to the livelihoods of the very communities that the REDD+ projects are designed to benefit.

Results of REDD+ interventions in regards to tenure rights of Indigenous peoples have made great strides in clarifying and mitigating against risks associated to evictions and loss of land rights for Indigenous peoples, state control over forests reversing gains made by communities in conservation, centralized, top-down forest management leading to the exclusion of Indigenous peoples from decision-making processes, land speculation and dispossession without Indigenous peoples’ free, prior and informed consent and possible violation of Indigenous peoples' livelihoods, cultures and traditional knowledge systems.

Experience and results with REDD+ Readiness in the Latin America and Caribbean

Onel Masardule

Foundation for Indigenous Knowledge in Panama, Panama

To be completed

Experience and results with REDD+ Readiness in Asia

Grace Balawag

FCPF, Philippines


Global perspective on realizing Indigenous Peoples’ community rights

Myrna Cunningham Kain

Center for the Autonomy and Development of Indigenous Peoples (CADPI), Nicaragua

To be completed

Closing Remarks

Luis Felipe Duchicela

World Bank, United States of America

To be completed

Date: Friday, 24/Mar/2017
9:00am - 3:00pmGlobal Donor Working Group on Land (by invitation only)
MC 13-121