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03-07: Land Use Planning for Disaster Preparedness
International Standards- a critical contribution to disaster recovery
Returning confidence to markets that have been affected by disasters is critical to their economic recovery and information is a key component in the recovery process and the restoration of confidence. International Standards potentially have a key role to play in this important area. Research has shown that actions taken quickly and decisively after a deserter occurs significantly affect the post disaster recovery period. How International Standards can contribute to this critical area has not been fully considered. The paper will examine the role and how International Property Measurement Standards, International Valuation Standards, International Construction Standards and International Ethical Standards have the potential to significantly affect and improve the outcomes following a disaster.
The paper will explore how International Standards can play a significant role to assist in:
• Efficient distribution of emergency aid
• Reduce ‘Time stealers’ in critical situations
• Benchmarking for donor organisations to measure efficiency
• Reduce risk
• Increase economic activities
• Improve transparency
The paper will examine how the international standards contribute to the De Soto principle of creating capital. The paper will also explore how international standards can help in ‘thinking outside of the box’ to deliver extraordinary results.
Urban Disaster Resilience through Risk Assessment and Sustainable Planning
IABG mbH, Germany
Urban disaster risk is a growing problem driven by two megatrends of global change: urbanization and the increasing frequency and intensity of climate-related extreme events. Coastal cities are additionally confronted with sea level rise, land subsidence and coastal erosion. Combined with high levels of societal vulnerability, these trends increase disaster risk and associated loss of life and economic damage. Tunisia faces major risks among the EU neighbourhood countries, given its rapid population growth and almost 80% of its urban areas concentrated along the Mediterranean Sea. The implementation of an urban Risk Information and analysing system, faces several major challenges including the lack of relevant geospatial data for urban risk analyses as well as an insufficient understanding of the underlying drivers, current hotspots and possible future scenarios of urban disaster risk. The presentation shows a standardized procedure to provide reliable data and information on urban growth and disaster risk trends. This will be achieved by integrating geospatial data derived from high resolution satellite imagery, available socioeconomic data, and information obtained from expert interviews into a multi-hazard risk assessment.
Searching Position in Non-residential Areas in Emergency and Disaster Situations by using the National Point Number
LX Korea Land and Geospatial Informatix Corporation, Korea, Republic of (South Korea)
The address system based on the street name and the parcel number are used for searching position effectively in the residential areas. But it is not easy to search position in non- residential areas like mountains, forests, shores, if there is not enough information of position about these areas. So in these areas, it is impossible to tell exact position to rescue team in emergency, disaster situations.
In order to make up for this problem, the national point number was introduced for searching location in non-residential areas in Korea. The national point numbers have been installed in the mountains, forests, shores to prepare for emergencies, disaster. It is produced by the gird reference system and composed of a two-letter pair Hangul and 8 Arabic numerals. These letters indicate position of specific region.
As accuracy of the national point number is very important, a designated organization by the government can verify position of it to enhance the reliability of accurate position.
The purpose of this paper is to introduce the current condition of the national point number in Korea and the verification method of it for accurate position.
Harnessing Land Information Through Cloud-Based Platforms For A Resilient Society
Ordnance Survey, United Kingdom
In many countries land is a scarce and valuable resource which critically underpins the wellbeing of its citizens as well as being a pillar of economic activity. Ownership, rights and utilisation of land needs to be managed but land is also a crucial factor in dealing with unplanned events, such as natural or man-made disasters. Geospatial data representing information about land has been proven to increase the resilience of communities dealing with events such as flooding, environmental issues, climate change, disease outbreaks etc.
A closed, tightly managed Spatial Data Infrastructure has been developed to strengthen national resilience and put information at the fingertips of decision makers in the United Kingdom: ResilienceDirect. This national crisis management tool brings together emergency response stakeholders and government agencies from across the country, enabling the creation of a single operating picture when needed. Developed using open source technologies by Ordnance Survey, Great Britain’s national mapping agency, it brings together over 2,000 geospatial datasets and OGC-compliant web mapping services from response agencies. Many of these are land-related and include the Environment Agency (e.g. live flood alerts), British Geological Survey (e.g. landslide susceptibility), Met Office (e.g. live rainfall prediction) and Health & Safety Labs (e.g. population density)
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Conference: Land and Poverty 2017
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