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11-04: Roundtable on Gender and Community Rights
This moderated roundatble discusses strategies for achieving gender sensitive reforms on land governed by collective tenure and is organised by Landesa and Resource Equity .
Most land in the developing world is held under collective tenure. Increasingly, states are recognizing, formalizing, and sometimes documenting collective rights to land for a number of different reasons – better management of resources, protection against outside threats and conflict, better reflection of reality and practice, cultural integrity, or to protect the way of life of Indigenous Peoples or local communities.
Based on the experience of many land tenure reforms past, especially those that sought to formalize rights, the focus on reforms to collectively held lands may pose different risks for women than for men. The potential risk to women is based existing social, economic, and cultural biases that prevent women from having the same life options as men.
The designation of collective tenure means that a group (the family, group, clan, or community) has the superior right to the land. Even where the state retains ownership of land, it may delegate authority for management and use to communities, who then in turn make allocation decisions which can be based on law or custom. The allocation may be to individuals or households (most common for arable land) or may be for communal use though the community retains authority of managing use (most common, though not universal for pasture, dry, and forest land). Largely, communities have both individually held land and land that is held in common—often pasture land or forest land. These variations of how collective land rights are acquired, managed, governed and allocated, have different implications for women and men.
This roundtable will draw from and add to the findings of an innovate report authored by Resource Equity, in collaboration with Landesa, which seeks to answer the question of how reforms that seek to protect collective tenure can do so in a gender sensitive way: “Gender and Collectively Held Land: Good Practices and Lessons Learned from Six Global Case Studies.” The report is based on six case studies each with different configurations of collectively held land and each of which took a very different approach to addressing gender issues.
The format will be one of a moderated roundtable discussion, with ample opportunity for comments and questions from the audience and other discussants.
Setting the scene
Resource Equity, United States of America
Reflections based on Nambia experience
Landesa, United States of America
Reflections based on Ghana experience
Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology
Reflections on Gender Issues in Forest Tenure
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Conference: Land and Poverty 2017
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