The conference agenda provides an overview and details of sessions. In order to view sessions on a specific day or for a certain room, please select an appropriate date or room link. You may also select a session to explore available abstracts and download papers and presentations.
|Location: MC C1-200|
|Date: Tuesday, 21/Mar/2017|
|8:30am - 10:00am||01-07: Mobile Technologies for Collecting Land Data|
Session Chair: Michael Barry, University of Calgary, Canada
Crowd-sourcing For A Sustainable Land Cadaster – Can SiGIT Be A Lever ?
1EXI Lda, Mozambique; 2DINAT - National Land Directorate of Mozambique; 3MB Consulting
The document makes a description of the experience of implementing a land information management system to support the development of the national cadastre in Mozambique as part of the programs to reform Mozambique’s land administration system, making along the description several considerations based on current thinking on how to better approach business transformation supported by modern IS/IT technology.
In essence it argues in favor of a more rigorous business and IS planning, using appropriate instruments for that, and confirming the crucial importance of establishing appropriate business capabilities in the various land administration functions required to execute its business processes.
In response to the interest in exploring crowd-sourcing based business models for field data collection, using new mobile apps, different aspects are listed that should be considered for building the business case to implement crowd-sourcing as a means to accelerate data registration, lower its costs, create flexibility for data life-cycle management, and empower the communities for their land rights for sustainable economic development.
The paper ends making considerations and recommendations about sustainability, scalability and security of designed and implemented technological solutions, and about the need to accept that these transformations will take longer term to implement, and need a long term thinking approach.
Combining Administrative and Open Source Data for Monitoring Land Governance : Mapping Women Land Rights in the Context of UN’s SDG in India
1Center for Land Governance, NRMC, India; 2Delhi University, India; 3Council for Social Development, India
Production and accessibility of reliable data are important for evidence-based decisions land governance. With progressive reforms around land laws and institutions, India has attempted to make land governance more gender-equitable and land information easily accessible. Monitoring for women land rights (WLR) indicators related to SDG require availability of periodic and reliable gender disaggregated data on ‘agricultural land’ and ‘agricultural population’. Available administrative and open source data at appropriate levels as prescribed by UNSTAT and as used in Gender and Land Rights Database (GLRD) provide India seamless opportunities to monitor and improve engendered land governance. With SDG indicator works just begun globally, India has a strategic advantage to advance SDG reporting, while also contributing to informed land governance nationally. In this direction, this paper builds SDG indicators by comparing and using available datasets, individually and in combinations. Using agriculture census database, it illustrates the spatial distribution and temporal trends around WLR. It attempts their validation by comparing them with indicators reported in micro-studies, based on primary data. It examines the link between the spatial and temporal variability of WLR and relevant land governance frameworks in the concerned states to see if the correlations can inform policy and improve gender-equitable land governance.
Using Mobile Phones, GPS, and the Cloud to Deliver Faster, Cheaper, and More Transparent Land Titles: the Case of Burkina Faso
1National Land Observatory of Burkina Faso; 2Independent Consultant; 3The Cloudburst Group
In Burkina Faso, an ambitious rural land-tenure reform was put into law that, among other things, allows holders of customary land rights to register them and receive documentation that makes the rights more durable and transparent. The pace of applying this law in the field has been slow, however. In response, a pilot project adapted a mobile technology solution – “MAST” – to map and prepare documentation for 2,000 agricultural land parcels quickly and in a transparent manner. The MAST technology is designed for use by villagers with high-school educations, allows for real-time data entry, and is configured to comply with the legal requirements for land-rights formalization. This paper presents the results of the pilot project, lessons learned, and conclusions about the efficacy of the MAST technology in the challenging rural environment of Burkina Faso.
Need For Uniform Technological Approaches For Implementation of Operations Secure Land in Rural West Africa: Comparative Study Case of Benin, Burkina Faso and Senegal.
Bureau Etudes ATLAS GIS, Benin
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|10:30am - 12:00pm||02-07: Round Table: Colombia Opportunities for Land Governance|
Session Chair: David F. Varela, McGill University & Pontificia Universidad Javeriana, United States of America
Follow up on the Colombian Peace Agreements and Land Tenure Issues: transitions, property rights and tenure security
Colombia Rural S.A.S.
The Colombian Government proposed a comprehensive rural reform as part of the Final Peace Agreement to overcome the armed conflict that has affected the country for the past 4 or 5 decades. The President of the Republic asked the Colombian citizens to vote for the implementation of this agreement and in an unexpected result with a difference of more than 50.000 votes the country voted against its implementation. Some of the motivations to vote this way are related to the tools described in the comprehensive rural reform regarding land tenure.
This paper analyzes these claims to identify whether the motivations behind them respond to actual political positions against land distribution and formalization or to misleading perceptions based on the lack of understanding of the law. Moreover, the analysis identifies what areas of the current policy and the proposed reform do have the potential to affect property rights and security of tenure of legally or legitimately acquired land. Finally, the paper draws some policy recommendations for an effective rural reform in the colombian context and the respect of property rights, using the concept “pardon” applied to land tenure in a post-conflict society.
Land Restitution in Colombia: proceeding to a regional sustainable peace
1Universidad EAFIT; 2Escuela Superior de Administración Pública -ESAP-; 3Asociación Colombiana de Investigadores Urbano Regionales -ACIUR-
One of the causes of Colombian armed conflict is the lack of institutional security for land tenure in rural areas. Since the 19th century, the government faced struggles for managing and surveying public domains, which in the transition to the 20th century reflected a strong land agglomeration by regional elites and a systematic exclusion of local peasants. This lead to a direct confrontation, in which peasant’s social mobilization conduced to several invasions into elite’s land. By the 1980’s -1990’s the incursion of guerrillas and paramilitaries transformed the rural areas into war scenarios, were land grabbing was a mechanism of territorial dominion; many habitants were displaced leaving behind their properties. Since 2011, the Colombian government acknowledged the situation and incorporated the ‘Pinheiro Principles’ into the victim’s legal framework, promoting land restitution as an integral mechanism to guarantee non-repetition and reparation. This program became a peacebuilding strategy characterized by the recognition of land’s rights to peasants, and also for re-organizing the land tenure system by a Human Rights approach. This paper focuses in the main challenges that face the program in different regions and how it is becoming a successful strategy in order to provide land tenure security in the countryside.
Bread or Justice? Land Restitution and Investments in Colombian Agriculture
1Norwegian Institute of Urban and Regional Research, Norway; 2Universidad del Norte, Colombia
Colombia planned to restitute 7 million HA of land to IDPs in Victims’ Law in 2011. However, only a small share is formally titled and there is no complete land-registry. Other poor IDPs would later settle on idle land and start farming. Migrants to cities had sold their rights in seemingly voluntary agreements. So far, the courts have only restituted 187.000 hectares (URT 2016). The backlog of both realized and unrealized claims reduces tenure security for the current landholders and thereby their willingness to invest in production. Furthermore, the process has disclosed irregularities in land registrations and the banks stopped accepting title deeds as collateral for loans.
The investment boom in the Montes de Maria region busted when the restitution process. Investors, who had bought land directly from the IDPs in considered dubious trades, lost their rights to the land. Others risked restitution claims based on historic wrongdoings, known or unknown to the current landholder.
Our case study Agropecuaria El Carmen de Bolívar, bought 120 different parcels on 6500 HA for a dairy operation. They replaced cows with less labor demanding buffalo to minimize risk.
Analysis of the Implementation of Multipurpose Cadastre in Colombia from an International Perspective
1University of the Andes, Colombia; 2University of Melbourne, Australia
The objective of this paper is to analyse the implementation of this new cadastre system from an international perspective. The analysis looks to evaluate if the government proposal to be implemented adjusts to the current needs of Colombia, taking into account the experiences and successful practices of other countries, identifying strengths and weaknesses of the current proposal. Furthermore, the research embraces the lack of an evaluation framework for assessing the new multipurpose cadastre plan, which permits the generation of feedback on legal, economic, physical, and institutional aspects, while taking into account economic, social and environmental issues. This evaluation framework includes key indicators that allow the evaluation of the proposal and serve as a monitoring framework useful for government decision makers. Kaplan and Norton in 1996 said “ You can’t improve what you can’t measure and if you cannot measure it, you cannot manage it” for that reason this research wants to demonstrate the importance of applying an evaluation framework to improve the new multipurpose cadastre implementation in Colombia, providing for the possibility of change, and to meet the varying requirements of the country through the years.
Ungendered policies. Gender and land restitution process in Colombia
1Universidad del Norte, Colombia; 2Norwegian Institute for Urban and Regional Research, Oslo and Akershus University College of Applied Science
Since 2011, the Colombian government has implemented a process of land restitution of lands abandoned or dispossessed during the ongoing internal armed conflict. The aim of the policy is to restore 6 million hectares up to 2021, through a mixed transitional process that includes administrative and judicial measures. The Law 1448 of Victims and Land Restitution proposes preferential treatment for women. This includes prioritizing their cases, but also a general gender orientation in the process. In this paper we wonder about the gap between the policies and the realities in the process of land restitution in Colombia. We argue that although the policy is gender sensitive, does not respond to the actual gender differences. To do this, we present an account of the debates on this issue in the country. Then, based on data obtained from a survey conducted among 205 beneficiaries of the policy between December 2015 and February 2016, and the qualitative information gathered during field work between 2012 and 2016, we derive a set of distances between the policy formulations and the observed reality. On this basis we suggest some gender signals to be considered in future efforts, and propose some policy considerations.
Access to Land as of Comprehensive Compensation for Indigenous Populations in Colombia
USAIDs Land and Rural Development, Colombia
The internal armed conflict in Colombia has not just perpetuated the land problems experienced by indigenous people; it has also resulted in serious consequences with regard to their ability to survive, by putting their culture, environment and identity at risk, which are specific to each indigenous people. Thus, these violations of their fundamental rights have had severe implications for the collective land rights of each of these peoples.
The Serranía del Perijá mountain range is located in the northern area of Colombia, in the border with Venezuela. The Yukpa people, victims of the internal armed conflict, have traditionally inhabited this area. The Land Restitution Unit (LRU) of Colombia initially conducted three characterization/ diagnostic studies on land and ethnic rights. In 2016, USAID's Land and Rural Development Program (LRDP) supported three additional studies and issued a series of recommendations on how to improve the methodology. These three studies included all of the Yukpa community, which became the first indigenous people to complete the administrative phase of the restitution process. These characterization studies are to serve as the main input for transitional justice to make decisions regarding ethnic community patients.
|2:15pm - 3:45pm||03-07: Land Use Planning for Disaster Preparedness|
Session Chair: Conor Sheehan, Enterprise Ireland, Ireland
International Standards- a critical contribution to disaster recovery
Returning confidence to markets that have been affected by disasters is critical to their economic recovery and information is a key component in the recovery process and the restoration of confidence. International Standards potentially have a key role to play in this important area. Research has shown that actions taken quickly and decisively after a deserter occurs significantly affect the post disaster recovery period. How International Standards can contribute to this critical area has not been fully considered. The paper will examine the role and how International Property Measurement Standards, International Valuation Standards, International Construction Standards and International Ethical Standards have the potential to significantly affect and improve the outcomes following a disaster.
The paper will explore how International Standards can play a significant role to assist in:
• Efficient distribution of emergency aid
• Reduce ‘Time stealers’ in critical situations
• Benchmarking for donor organisations to measure efficiency
• Reduce risk
• Increase economic activities
• Improve transparency
The paper will examine how the international standards contribute to the De Soto principle of creating capital. The paper will also explore how international standards can help in ‘thinking outside of the box’ to deliver extraordinary results.
Urban Disaster Resilience through Risk Assessment and Sustainable Planning
IABG mbH, Germany
Urban disaster risk is a growing problem driven by two megatrends of global change: urbanization and the increasing frequency and intensity of climate-related extreme events. Coastal cities are additionally confronted with sea level rise, land subsidence and coastal erosion. Combined with high levels of societal vulnerability, these trends increase disaster risk and associated loss of life and economic damage. Tunisia faces major risks among the EU neighbourhood countries, given its rapid population growth and almost 80% of its urban areas concentrated along the Mediterranean Sea. The implementation of an urban Risk Information and analysing system, faces several major challenges including the lack of relevant geospatial data for urban risk analyses as well as an insufficient understanding of the underlying drivers, current hotspots and possible future scenarios of urban disaster risk. The presentation shows a standardized procedure to provide reliable data and information on urban growth and disaster risk trends. This will be achieved by integrating geospatial data derived from high resolution satellite imagery, available socioeconomic data, and information obtained from expert interviews into a multi-hazard risk assessment.
Searching Position in Non-residential Areas in Emergency and Disaster Situations by using the National Point Number
LX Korea Land and Geospatial Informatix Corporation, Korea, Republic of (South Korea)
The address system based on the street name and the parcel number are used for searching position effectively in the residential areas. But it is not easy to search position in non- residential areas like mountains, forests, shores, if there is not enough information of position about these areas. So in these areas, it is impossible to tell exact position to rescue team in emergency, disaster situations.
In order to make up for this problem, the national point number was introduced for searching location in non-residential areas in Korea. The national point numbers have been installed in the mountains, forests, shores to prepare for emergencies, disaster. It is produced by the gird reference system and composed of a two-letter pair Hangul and 8 Arabic numerals. These letters indicate position of specific region.
As accuracy of the national point number is very important, a designated organization by the government can verify position of it to enhance the reliability of accurate position.
The purpose of this paper is to introduce the current condition of the national point number in Korea and the verification method of it for accurate position.
Harnessing Land Information Through Cloud-Based Platforms For A Resilient Society
Ordnance Survey, United Kingdom
In many countries land is a scarce and valuable resource which critically underpins the wellbeing of its citizens as well as being a pillar of economic activity. Ownership, rights and utilisation of land needs to be managed but land is also a crucial factor in dealing with unplanned events, such as natural or man-made disasters. Geospatial data representing information about land has been proven to increase the resilience of communities dealing with events such as flooding, environmental issues, climate change, disease outbreaks etc.
A closed, tightly managed Spatial Data Infrastructure has been developed to strengthen national resilience and put information at the fingertips of decision makers in the United Kingdom: ResilienceDirect. This national crisis management tool brings together emergency response stakeholders and government agencies from across the country, enabling the creation of a single operating picture when needed. Developed using open source technologies by Ordnance Survey, Great Britain’s national mapping agency, it brings together over 2,000 geospatial datasets and OGC-compliant web mapping services from response agencies. Many of these are land-related and include the Environment Agency (e.g. live flood alerts), British Geological Survey (e.g. landslide susceptibility), Met Office (e.g. live rainfall prediction) and Health & Safety Labs (e.g. population density)
|4:00pm - 5:30pm||04-07: Vision for Achieving Global Land Tenure Security|
Session Chair: Jorge Munoz, World Bank, United States of America
Global Campaign to Eradicate Insecurity of Tenure by 2030
1Know Edge Ltd, United Kingdom; 2Aalborg University, Denmark
The global eradication of infectious diseases through highly coordinated campaigns has been successful. Although insecurity of tenure is not a disease, its impact is devastating in terms of trapping people in poverty, displacing communities and making them homeless, and reducing food security and creating hunger. Only about 30% of the world’s population are covered by official land administration systems while the rest potentially suffer from insecurity of tenure. This is a human rights issue. Therefore, should a global campaign to achieve 80% global security of tenure by 2030 be planned and initiated?
It is time for the land sector communities to be more ambitious in their goals, involve new partners to support innovation, adopt highly scalable approaches, collaborate more effectively under this common objective to eradicate this scourge on the earth and create land rights for all. This proposed global campaign could well be the necessary catalyst for change.
The paper will initially investigate the drivers that are emerging at the highest levels to raise the necessity and urgency to initiate a scalable, global campaign to eradicate insecurity of tenure. The paper will then discuss how the global community needs to change and coordinate to make it happen.
Opportunities And Constraints For Building A Global Movement For Secure Land Tenure And Property Rights
Land Alliance, United States of America
This paper explores opportunities and constraints for the emergence of a robust global movement dedicated to solving the problems of insecure land tenure and property rights. It surveys evidence from movements in other fields such as public health to draw lessons for a movement around land tenure and property rights. The paper draws on lessons learned from successful global movements such as the anti-tobacco movement, the HIV/AIDs movement, and others to set out a theory of successful movement creation applicable for land tenure and property rights. The paper call for building a global movement for land tenure and property rights through a series of steps at local levels supported by a global support structure which emphasizes urgency, accessible evidence, media involvement and narratives of success to unleash broad social and economic energies for change in land tenure and property rights at a bigger scale and faster pace than has been achievable to date. It focuses on data gaps as a particular concern and highlights new instruments like the PRINDEX indicator of citizens perceptions of security of tenure to address them.
Land in the New Urban Agenda: Opportunities, Challenges and Way Forward
1UN-Habitat; 2United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR); 3Huairou Commission; 4Habitat for Humanity International
Land underpins all the key aspects of the New Urban Agenda (NUA) which was adopted at the closing plenary of the United Nations Conference on Housing and Sustainable Urban Development (Habitat III) in Quito, Equador in October, 2016. The mainstreamed land agenda in Habitat III Outcome Document is critical for sustainable development, shared prosperity and social inclusion.
The New Urban Agenda intends to guide the next twenty years of sustainable housing and urban development. The Outcome Document clearly outlines the social, environmental and economic functions of land including tenure security for all. These commitments reinforces the various goals and targets of the Sustainable Development Goals (e.g. SDG Goals 1.4, 5 and 11) and in many respects mirrored several principles of the Voluntary Guidelines on the Governance of Land, Forests and Fisheries in the Context of National Food Security (VGGTs).
This paper will elaborate where “land governance” in the New Urban Agenda is and how these land components relate to SDGs’ goals and targets and to VGGTs’ principles. The paper will also discuss what are the potential gaps and challenges and will offer some concrete recommendations on how the land governance aspects of the New Urban Agenda can be implemented.
Evidence Based Land Governance to Achieve Agenda 2030; Experiences from Global Land Indicator Initiative
1GLII/GLTN - UN Habitat; 2Oxfam International; 3Landesa; 4UN Habitat; 5International Land Coalition
Land is central to ending poverty and inequality. For the first time, land targets and indicators are explicitly included in the global Sustainable Development Agenda2030. Target 1.4 and indicator 1.4.2 serves to monitor the percentage of adult population with secure tenure rights to land (out of total adult population), with legally recognized documentation and who perceive their rights to land as secure, by sex and by type of tenure.
The need to step up global monitoring of land governance issues saw the start of Global Land Indicators Initiative (GLII) in 2012 by UN-Habitat, Millennium Challenge Cooperation, and World Bank; a global multi-stakeholders platform dedicated to make global comparable land monitoring possible for transparency, accountability and policy decision making. This platform is hosted by GLTN at UN-Habitat. Significant achievements of GLII platform include development of a set of 15 globally comparable land indicators that go beyond provisions on land indicators in the SDGs. This paper explains how GLII partners developed nationally applicable and globally comparable indicators, methodology and data protocols for measuring tenure security; and the use its five working papers in influencing learning and capacity strengthening for evidence based ;and governance. GLII working papers will be shared during the session.
|Date: Wednesday, 22/Mar/2017|
|8:30am - 10:00am||05-07: Putting Fit for Purpose Land Administration in Practice|
Session Chair: Cornelis de Zeeuw, Kadaster, Netherlands, The
Establishing a Legal Cadastre for Good Governance in Ethiopia: Identifying Bottlenecks and Steps Toward Scale-Up
1Land Equity International, Australia; 2World Bank; 3Consultant; 4Ministry of Urban Development and Housing, Ethiopia
The Government of Ethiopia’s Growth and Transformation Plan II (GTP II) establishes an ambitious goal of reaching middle-income status by 2025, envisioning industrial development for growth and job creation through effective urban development. The targets identified to reach this goal will, however, require substantial amounts of land. Local government’s ability to deliver this land - by establishing and implementing urban plans, enforcing regulations and identifying under-utilized land for infill - is undermined by the absence of a comprehensive legal cadastre. This paper presents the core findings of a project to review the status of current pilots being undertaken to create the urban legal cadastre, and presents policy recommendations for the way forward. The work provides an important understanding of the governance, project management and public awareness challenges of registering urban land in Ethiopia. It builds on other recent efforts in Sub Saharan Africa (SSA) and elsewhere to register urban land, notably Rwanda, and supports the Land Policy Initiative goal of “ten member states putting in place transparent, efficient and cost-effective land administration systems which are reflective of Africa’s unique realities by 2020.” The learning will prove instrumental for other countries in sub-Saharan Africa in similar endeavours.
A Fit For Purpose Land Cadaster in Mozambique
1EXI LDA, Mozambique; 2DINAT - National Directorate of Lands; 3Dutch Kadaster; 4Verde Azul/ DINAT
Mozambique is an african country that is engaged in building its National Land Cadaster. It has enacted several legal instruments. However, most land, in excess of 90%, is still used under unregistered good-faith occupations and customary tenure arrangements.
Recently a Land Tenure Regularization program aiming at registering 4 thousand communities and 5 million parcels under good faith or customary practice occupations, was defined. This massive program is a starting point to implement the National Land Cadaster.
To ensure that this first registration exercise runs smoothly and that targets and goals for the program are met, several activities were executed, namely:
1. A Fit For Purpose methodology
2. Adjustments to the existent LAS system - SiGIT, including the implementation of a mobile application for community based crowdsourcing and a Cloud Platform for managing field data;
3. Capacity Building both for cadaster technicians but as well as for community members for this first registration.
4. Continuous support for keeping the cadaster up-to-date within the community, through appropriate training and tools.
Results from the pilot are positive and allowed for tunning and adjustments to the developed methodology, tools and materials.
Fit-For-Purpose land Administration - Developing Country Specific Strategies for Implementation
1Aalborg University, Denmark; 2Know Edge Ltd, United Kingdom
This paper looks at implementing Fit-For-Purpose land administration solutions at county level. This will require a country specific strategy drawing from the recent GLTN publication on “Fit-For-Purpose Land Administration – Guiding Principles for Country Implementation”.
The Fit-For-Purpose concept is about applying the spatial, legal and institutional methodologies that are most fit for the purpose of providing secure tenure for all by addressing the current constraints and allowing for incremental improvement over time.
This paper aims to present the first step of implementation by unfolding the contents of this kind of country specific strategies. Arguably, they should include the following steps: 1) Analysis of country context; 2) Analysis of existing spatial / legal / institutional frameworks; 3) Developing a country specific FFP strategy for land administration; 4) Designing the country specific FFP spatial / legal / institutional frameworks; 5) Capacity Development; 6) Country Specific Instruction Manuals; and 7) Economic Benefits Analysis.
Finally, the paper presents some experiences and reflections from a case study on implementing the FFP approach for land registration in the Gresik District, Indonesia.
Implementation Of National Land Administration System - Fit-For-Purpose IT-Leap Approach
Innola Solutions, Inc., US
Decades of land administration (LA) projects worldwide have led to the development of a series of guidelines for the implementation of LA systems. Facing the complexity of the domain a more practical fit-for-purpose (FFP) concept evolved. Unfortunately, even with that breadth of information and guidelines, it still leaves many land administration practitioners with scopes of work that are too broad and lack a clear roadmap of key activities. The time is ripe for accepting the digital era reality and modernize FFP LA with a more specific modality – the IT-Leap concept. ICT has become not just an important or even critical component of the LA system but has been proven as a business driver and processes integrator. The paper presents the implementation planning aspects of an ICT solution, including details of a “how to make it work” approach. It extends the guiding principles with the FFP IT-Leap implementation roadmap, and provides a detailed set of value chain activities. It is time to use ICT as the mean to unify regulations, re-engineer processes, manage changes and drive capacity building. The FFP IT-Leap approach results in an ICT solution that fits the short-term needs and will scale up for the future ones.
Fit-for-Purpose and Fit-for-Future Technology for Cadastral Systems
1Esri, United States of America; 2Kadaster International, Netherlands
Configurable off-the-shelf spatial technologies are now available for cadastral systems. There is no longer a need for custom programming, complex implementations, and special skills. Leveraging standard data models such as the Land Administration Domain Model (LADM) and commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) GIS data and technology deliver systems that are quickly implemented, scalable, evolve with changing requirements and supported by numerous public, private, and NGO communities.
This new approach addresses many past challenges of system cost, intermittent internet connectivity, accurate GPS use, scalability and security. This master class will discuss spatial platform and app technologies for collecting data with Androids, processing, producing, managing and sharing cadastral data. We will present how to configure and maintain a sustainable land system. This master class will present all the technology necessary and to get started.
|10:30am - 12:00pm||06-07: Methodologies to Evaluate Land Program Impact|
Session Chair: Heath Cosgrove, USAID, United States of America
A Land Evidence Framework
Millennium Challenge Corporation, United States of America
Following global agreement around the Voluntary Guidelines and Responsible Agricultural Investments, increasing investments are being made to improve land tenure and governance. The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) recently highlighted the importance of land in alleviating poverty, incorporating land tenure indicator 1.4.2 under Goal 1. As interventions and global monitoring of land increases, donors and governments are requesting better evidence on the impacts of land interventions and a comparable understanding of the status of land governance across the globe. As we look to improve our monitoring and evaluation frameworks, establishing global land indicators and data collection, what does the existing literature on land tell us and can we see consistent patterns emerging? How does the evidence to date compare to land's theory of change and what are the key gaps in the land evidence that would benefit from further analysis? Based on land evidence, this presentation offers an approach to modeling the economic benefits from improvements in property rights and land policy and suggests key areas for further research and understanding of the impacts from land.
Investigating the Causal Channels for Increasing Land Tenure Security: An Organisation-Specific Systematic Review
Improved land tenure security has become increasingly adopted as a means of reducing rural poverty. And accordingly, it is imperative that efforts are made to ensure practitioners have a strong understanding of its causal dynamics. In a bid to address a perceived lack of such understanding, and to identify gaps in the literature, this piece of research has conducted a comprehensive review of the existing evidence around the impact of secured land tenure, using the Systematic Review methodology. This review is unique in that it is specifically tailored to the land tenure-related activities of a single organisation, the International Fund for Agricultural Development. The research finds a total of 60 quantitative and qualitative papers that fit the inclusion criteria, which offer varying levels of support for the different causal mechanisms within the Theory of Change of IFAD's land tenure intervention portfolio.
Contextual Factors, Property Regimes, and Environmental Outcomes: Applying a Realist Synthesis Approach to a Systematic Review of Marine Protected Areas
1Portland State University, United States of America; 2CIFOR, Indonesia; 3CIFOR, Finland
Given the complex nature of common pool resource systems, evidence review approaches that help clarify when, how, where, and why property regime interventions are likely to result in positive environmental (or other) outcomes are needed. Realist synthesis has emerged as a promising approach in public health for identifying the mechanisms that condition policy intervention outcomes when complex systems are involved. Our paper describes the results of applying a realist approach to synthesizing data from 31 articles on marine resource governance. Owing to space limitations, we focus on an in-depth context-mechanism-outcome (CMO) analysis of five of the customary tenure regimes described in the sample dataset. Use of this approach allowed us to reach a better understanding of three key social mechanisms — perceptions of legitimacy, perceptions of the likelihood of benefits, and perceptions of enforcement capacity — that condition behaviors vis-à-vis marine and terrestrial resources. Our study contributes to the field of natural resources governance by demonstrating the utility of a systematic review method which has received little attention by property scholars but which has great promise to clarify understanding of how complex systems work.
Using innovative research methodologies to uncover nuance and diversity: The results of household diaries in Odisha, India
Landesa, United States of America
In this paper we discuss a methodology called household diaries (hereafter Diaries). The method brings together quantitative and qualitative research collected in nine visits to 150 households in Odisha between November 2015 and November 2016. Our findings highlight that 1) The number of parcels of land that households relied on with varying tenurial arrangements was higher than expected; 2) Conceptualizations of ownership are ambiguous and subjective; 3) Households consistently relied on undocumented plots; 4) The number of plots relied on by each household fluctuated over time; 5) Diversification was crucial for poor households who often struggled to meet basic needs and had to rely on land and non-land based activities; 6) The Diaries improved accuracy of data on plots of land.
The findings help our programming in two ways. It would help inform programming on what would be needed if beneficiaries of land programs are to experience increased food security and agricultural production and therefore reduce poverty, key outcomes of interest to development practitioners. Second, it will help us to improve our evaluation approach going forward. Our past efforts at evaluation focused mainly on homestead plots and to some extent the other plots that households owned.
|2:15pm - 3:45pm||07-07: Planning Urban Development Using Satellite Imagery|
Session Chair: Shlomo Angel, New York University, United States of America
From Megacities to Historic Towns: Leveraging Satellite Imagery and Spatial Analysis to Inform Urban Planning
The World Bank Group
This paper showcases the use of rapid geospatial analysis such as high resolution satellite imagery, night time lights and spatial data to characterize urban growth patterns and to tease out the issues and gaps related to the effectiveness of institutional coordination and master plans, disaster risks, growth and prosperity, urban livability, land use planning and enforcement, and urban design policy conflicts using: (i) Karachi megacity (largest city in Pakistan); and (ii) Kandy (UNESCO World Heritage secondary city in Sri Lanka) as examples. The paper will also detail how the World Bank has leveraged on these findings and translated them into policy action and investments in ongoing projects and technical assistance.
A New Plan for African Cities: The Ethiopia Urban Expansion Initiative
New York University Marron Institute of Urban Management, New York, USA
Recent research indicates that a simplified approach to urban planning in Sub-Saharan African cities can address the challenges of rapid urban growth. Current plans focus too heavily on the existing area of the city and offer unrealistic agendas for future urban growth, such as densification, containment, and high-rise development; plans are also often unreasonably complicated, lack sufficient integration across levels of government, and are too costly. In response, NYU Stern Urbanization Project and the Government of Ethiopia have tested a simple methodology known as Making Room for Urban Expansion to assist eighteen Ethiopian cities that are experiencing rapid growth. This program is called the Ethiopia Urban Expansion Initiative. The Initiative set aside a number of standard planning objectives and instead focused only on expanding city boundaries to include adequate land for expansion, designing and protecting a network of arterial roads spaced approximately 1km apart, and identifying and protecting environmentally sensitive open spaces. These efforts focused on areas that were not yet been occupied by development. Results from 18 participating cities show that simple plans can lead to the construction and protection of large amounts of arterial roads, beginning to bring the urban land supply in line with projected growth.
Calibrating Housing Programs with Geo-Spatial Census Data
1World Bank, United States of America; 2Pontificia Universidad Catolica, Peru
A conventional problem for public policies is to focus in the social groups with the most acute needs; in most circumstances this imply a sort of field operation, usually under the form of a survey. This paper shows how to recycle an old product (housing and population census) with the cartography elaborated for it; in order to find population size and surface occupied with acute needs classified by type. In particular, which plots have housing without drainage systems, or housing with soil as floor material, or household crowdedness.
Spatio-Temporal Analysis Of Quezon City Informal Settlements:Towards An Informal Settlements Growth Model
1Geodata Systems Technologies, Inc., Philippines; 2School of Urban and Regional Planning, Philippines
Informal settlements are not transitional but rather grow in area as time goes on as
revealed by spatio-temporal analysis of informal settlements in Quezon City, Philippines. Spatio-temporal analysis of mapped indicators confirmed existing literature that IS grow in areas near roads, rivers, on flat lowlands, near dumpsites and disaster-prone areas, near sources of income, near worship areas, and near educational and health institutions. Their growth is encouraged by the presence of government projects. The proliferation of non-governmental organizations (NGOs) in IS areas is an indicator of the high political awareness of IS.
Through spatial analysis using GIS, factor maps with their corresponding weights
derived in the Informal Settlements survey were created, and were used as inputs to the development of the Quezon City Informal Settlements Growth Model (QC-ISGM) model. The model was developed and calibrated using available 1986 and 2003 actual orthophoto maps. It was used to simulate and predict future spatial expansion areas of known existing IS. The calibrated model was used to predict 2009 IS growth. The QC-ISGM prediction was tested against actual locations as of 2009 (extracted from interpreted 2009 imageries) using Fragstats. The calibrated model was used to predict location of IS by 2029 and 2059.
|4:00pm - 5:30pm||08-07: Towards Integrated Land Use Planning|
Session Chair: Steven Lawry, Center for International Forestry Research, Indonesia
Mapping gendered landscapes in the Southern Agricultural Growth Corridor of Tanzania (SAGCOT): Environmental histories, livelihood narratives, and story mapping
Center for International Forestry Research, Kenya
A landscape approach to land-use planning views landscapes as mosaics with multiple and overlapping land-cover classes that host dynamic socioecological systems. Complex interactions described by a landscape approach invite cartographic methods now made widely available through the Web 2.0 to render the lived experiences of dynamic project landscapes through multiple perspectives. This research explores mapping as a process to integrate environmental histories and visual narratives into multimedia cartographies that document the many ways that landscape change is being experienced in the growth corridors of East Africa. The Southern Agricultural Growth Corridor of Tanzania (SAGCOT) is poised to become the breadbasket of Tanzania stretching over 350,000 hectares from the port of Dar es Salaam to Malawi, Zambia and the Democratic Republic of Congo This lightning talk will present methodologies for documenting different gendered perspectives of landscape and livelihood change through geospatial narratives, and propose story mapping as an accessible platform for participatory land-use planning in SAGCOT. Story maps offer a visual way of communicating a plurality of gendered narratives over space and time, capturing the reality of multiple project outcomes and the full complexity of applying a landscape approach.
Ethiopia’s Move to a National Integrated Land Use Policy and Land Use Plan
1USAID, Ethiopia; 2Tetra Tech Inc.; 3Tetra Tech Inc.; 4Ministry of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Ethiopia; 5Prime Minster Office, Ethiopia
Ethiopia has federal and regional land laws providing legal framework on the administration and use of land. The laws, however, are predominated by land administration articles offering little direction on the use of land. Studies conducted under the USAID supported Land Administration to Nurture Development (LAND) Project show that people in Ethiopia have been using land, for far too long, in unplanned and uncontrolled fashion.
The Ministry of Agriculture and Natural Resources of Ethiopia brought the imperative and urgent need for formulating a comprehensive national land use policy and developing and implementing a sectorally integrated national land use plan to the attention of the Prime Minister’s office. Recognizing the gravity and urgency of the situation, the Prime Minister’s Office gave the green light for formulating a national land use policy and preparing a national land use plan. As a result, a road map on the preparation and implementation of the plan has been prepared.
The paper will provide background on efforts in the past, highlight recent developments, assess Government of Ethiopia’s commitment and examine the way forward.
Developing the National Land Use Policy in Myanmar: The Importance of Inclusive Public Consultations and Close Donor Coordination
1Tetra Tech, Myanmar; 2Land Core Group, Myanmar; 3Public Legal Aid Network (The PLAN), Myanmar
Recent rapid changes in Myanmar lead to legitimate concerns being raised relating to the land tenure and property rights of smallholder farmers and communities throughout the country. The simple fact that the overall legal and governance frameworks relating to land use management and tenure security in the country are poorly harmonized and largely antiquated added to these concerns. In Response to this the Government of Myanmar committed in 2012 to the development of a National Land Use Policy in order to strengthen land tenure security of vulnerable communities and improve the land governance frameworks in the country. This paper provides an overview of the process utilized by the Government to develop the National Land Use Policy, with emphasis on the inclusive multi-stakeholder consultative process that was transparent and ultimately respected by the parties involved. The paper will also emphasize how important donor coordination was in ensuring success of this unprecedented effort. Finally, the paper will illustrate how this policy development process has helped inform similar processes in the country.
Evidence-based Land Use Planning Process: Piloting In Bago Region, Myanmar
Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Conservation, Myanmar
Myanmar has been trying its best for the sustainable development of the nation. Due to the lack of land use management plan, land related spatial data/information, land related issues and conflicts are happening across the country. In January 2016, National Land Use Policy-NLUP was successfully adopted through a series of multi-stakeholder consultations. NLUP indicated that how land information and land use management plan are important. In addition, precise and evidence based balance among economic development, sustainable use of resources and environmental conservation is very critical. Ensuring accurate data to produce the valid and relevant spatial plans is a common approach. We are in the process of promoting land use planning and refining the zoning methodologies in support of its NLUP implementation process. This paper will introduce the emerging approach; evidence-based land use planning process, by a pilot study that was conducted in Bago Region Myanmar. In this study, we used land use/land cover map generated from Rapideye imageries and five biophysical layers. Based on this approach, our process on land use planning up to National scale will be conducted in line with national development goals and objectives through multi-stakeholder participation.
Allocative Efficiency or Agglomeration? Devolution of Household Forestland Management and Rental Markets in China
University of Gothenburg, Sweden
This paper evaluates whether the devolution reform of forestland to household management has an effect on allocative efficiency and household welfare through participation in forestland rental markets. Using a household panel dataset from three Chinese provinces, we find that forestland rental markets improved allocative efficiency, in terms of factor equalization. With the reform forestland is transferred to forestland-constrained and labor-rich households, and to households with higher level of productivity in forestry. We do not find any support for agglomeration of forestland to land-richer, wealthier, bigger or powerful households. Participation in forestland rental markets increases household per-capita income and decreases the likelihood of income below the poverty line.
|Date: Thursday, 23/Mar/2017|
|8:30am - 10:00am||09-07: Evolution of Land Policy in Asia|
Session Chair: Willi Ernst Zimmermann, Consultant, Germany
Finding Evidence For Land Policymaking In Timor-Leste – Successes And Limitations
Van Volenhoven Institute - Leiden University, Netherlands, The
Land-related conflict and lack of tenure security are two ‘dormant giants’ threatening security and stability in Timor-Leste. The history of Portuguese colonialism, Indonesian occupation, and the related waves of dispossession preceding the nation’s independence in 2002, bequeathed a system of conflicting land claims and unclear land rights to the new state that has not yet been addressed. The question often asked by land professionals, civil society organizations, and the Timorese populace is: why is it so difficult to approve legislation to address these land-related problems? Many factors have been suggested, but a crucial one has been overlooked: the lack of reliable, consistent, and independently collected data about land to inform government policies, civil society advocacy, and donor community interventions. To address this issue, the Van Vollenhoven Institute of Leiden University (The Netherlands) and The Asia Foundation have developed and piloted a survey to provide relevant data for evidence-based land policymaking in Timor-Leste. This paper uses the case study of this survey to explore the possibilities but also the limits of evidence-based policymaking.
Experiences Implementing Land Reform in Vanuatu
Land Equity International, Australia
This paper presents a reflective account of ongoing efforts to implement land reform in the Pacific island nation of Vanuatu.
It is written from the perspective of a practitioner involved in supporting the implementation of the reforms and as such presents first hand evidence from the reform process.
The paper provides a context for the reforms; describes the support provided through the Vanuatu Land Program; examines issues and challenges faced during the implementation phase; considers if the reforms can be considered ‘innovative’ and concludes with a consideration of whether the reforms create the necessary policy and legal framework that provides for the protection and preservation of customary land while allowing for sustainable development.
Implications of the Vestiges of Crown Land for Reconstruction and Development in Sri Lanka
1Abt Associates; 2University of Colombo
The total land area of Sri Lanka is 65,610 square kilometers including an inland water area of around 2905 square kilometers. Of this land area, 82% is State land, i.e., belonging to the State, and only 18%, the balance, is privately owned land. Before Sri Lanka [then Ceylon] gained independence from the United Kingdom, it was known as “Crown Land” and supposed to have belonged to the Crown in UK. In this respect, the land reform laws of 1972 and 1975 gave private land to the State, implementing a ceiling of 20 hectares private ownership of land by individuals. Disputes over use and possession of land have plagued Sri Lanka since independence and through out the 25 year civil conflict. Seven years after the end of the conflict land disputes are still rampant throughout Sri Lanka. The government of Sri Lanka needs to take steps to make a viable and desirable national land use policy through a consultative process, based on the 13th Amendment to the Constitution which requires a National Land Commission to be established by the Government.
Land Titling in the Philippines:: Addressing Challenges Through Reform-Oriented Framework
Department of Environment and Natural Resources, Philippines
The paper discusses the present system of land titling system in the Philippines and how the system contributes to the weakness in land administration and management. It tackles the various agencies/ bodies that provide titling services and the concomittant issues thereon such as tedious requirements and procedures, overlapping surveys, and double titling. There is a need for the acceleration of the issuance of titles over all untitled agricultural lands so that all the benefits to be gained from secure land rights can be achieved.
The Philippine Government recognizes the defects in this system.There are many issues that had been plaguing the land titling system resulting to slow title issuance and lack of confidence by the clients. Thus, the tendency is to go out of the formal land market which results to land becoming a dead capital.
The defective system necessitates the implementation of reforms such as the computerization of land records for easier access to land information and adopting a legislative reform agenda to merge land titling functions. These reforms shall facilitate land titling and bring forth economic growth. But the country faces a big challenge in effectively implementing these reforms particularly in terms of support and acceptance.
|10:30am - 12:00pm||10-07: Challenges of Decentralized Land Service Provision|
Session Chair: Camille Bourguignon, The World Bank, United States of America
Local Government Fragmentation in Peru – The Challenges for Land Governance and Territorial Planning
1Consultant Perú; 2World Bank
A critical issue for inclusive and sustainable development is the overall administration of the national territory and its implications for land governance. Recognizing this issue, the paper’s objective is to outline measures to help promote the merging of sparsely populated, mostly unviable municipal governments at the district level in Peru. This would help make local government more efficient, particularly in districts with population of 3,800 people or less, which is the minimum required by law to establish a local jurisdiction. Currently, the weak capacity of such small jurisdictions negatively affect land governance, and service provision.
Reflecting the above objective, the paper will analyze the factors affecting the lack of administrative capacity and for service provision in small district-level municipalities. Many of these municipalities have been established for political and electoral reasons, seeking to benefit from central government transfers and sectoral investments. Overtime, such proliferation of local jurisdictions have resulted in unclear boundary demarcation, lack of cadastral information and territorial planning tools, inexistent property tax collection, and poor land management and dysfunctional land markets in general.
Brazilian Rural Property Taxation and its recent Structural Change
1UNICAMP, Brazil; 2UNICAMP, Brazil; 3UNICAMP, Brazil
Rural property taxation should be treated as a matter of land administration of the territory, beyond its revenue intentions. However, in Brazil, this tax was always overlooked, with a small share of contribution to the federation and known (persistent) irregularities on the part of the tax payers. Looking thorough the perspective of land governance, this study aims to present the unexplored potential of the tribute, its historical aspects that led to its fragility, to analyses the recent changes within its configuration and the possible impacts of the new recommendations from the Federal Revenue of Brazil. For this, the study was structured as: 1) historical background and evolution of the tax, its institutional framework and fundamental objectives, 2) recent changes analysis 3) new propositions and the potential impact on the sector's performance, 4) Discussion and propositions.
Large-Scale Rural Land Certification And Administration In Ethiopia - The Challenges Of A Decentralised Approach
1DAI, United Kingdom; 2LIFT Programme
From 2014 to 2020, the UKAID-funded Ethiopia Land Investment for Transformation (LIFT) programme, implemented by DAI and the Government of Ethiopia, aims to improve the incomes of Ethiopia’s rural poor and to enhance economic growth through the Second Level Land Certification of 14 million land parcels, and through building capacity in rural land administration systems.
LIFT is now into its third year of operation, and is approaching its second year of SLLC implementation. At the end of January 2016 over 3 million parcels have been demarcated. This paper reports on LIFT’s progress to date, and explores some of the challenges involved in replicating and scaling-up systematic land registration methodologies in Ethiopia. It will examine how programmes can work through decentralised government systems, and comment on the difficulties of deploying a programme with a large and diverse geographical coverage.
LIFT’s methodology and approach builds on UKAID and DAI’s previous land reform work under the successful Rwanda Land Tenure Regularisation Support Programme. In the Ethiopian context, new challenges to programme delivery have emerged during implementation. In this paper, veterans of both the Rwanda and Ethiopia programme delivery teams reflect on the technical, logistical and political challenges of implementing this large-scale programme.
Public Policy and Land Records: A “Big Data” Perspective
George Mason University, United States of America
This research looks at how the land records “Big Data” can be used in a wider development context (Big Data for Policy), as well as the policy challenges encountered while creating this “Big Data” (Policy for “Big Data”). This research uses India's Digital India Land Records Modernisation Project as the policy that seeks to create the land “Big Data”.
|1:00pm - 2:30pm||11-07: Harnessing the Opportunities of Big Data in Land Records|
Session Chair: Maurice Barbieri, CLGE (Council of European Geodetic Surveyors), Switzerland
Spatio-Temporal Datacubes - an Enabling Paradigm for Flexible, Standards-Based Infrastructures
Jacobs University, Germany
The data deluge we face does not only overwhelm us with sheer data volume, but also with an increasing variety of spatio-temporal datasets. Combining the millions of datasets into few “datacubes has the potential of getting insights from dissecting datasets and joining them with other datasets, ultimately allowing to "ask any question, any time", enabling to "build your own product on the go". Datacubes refer to spatio-temporal datasets such as 1-D sensor timeseries, 2-D satellite imagery, 3-D x/y/t image timeseries and x/y/z geophysical voxel data, as well as 4-D x/y/z/t weather data.
We introduce the OGC/ISO “Big Geo Datacube” paradigm, known as coverages, encompassing regular and irregular grids, point clouds, and general meshes. The corresponding Web Coverage Service (WCS) is an OGC core standards. Modular WCS allows flexible, scalable implementations ranging seamlessly from simple download and extraction to high-end analytics. Conformance is testable down to the level of single pixels, establishing rigorous interoperability. Cloud-based WCS datacubes of 250 TB underline usefulness for operational services.
We present coverage data and services in OGC, ISO, and EU-INSPIRE. The tutorial is supported through real-life examples which participants with an Internet laptop can recapitulate and modify.
The Way of Sharing Open Geospatial Data to Support the Planet’s Biggest Challenges
OGC, United States of America
Geospatial information is the most fundamental tool to support the planet’s joint efforts in resolving global issues. Global issues such as sustainable development and poverty eradication can be effectively managed by interconnecting information on natural disasters, poverty, and the environment through location data.
At a regional level, Spatial Data Infrastructures (SDI) provide the policy, governance and technology standards that enable the interconnection of information. SDIs also enable easy provision of fundamental authoritative data and information supporting land administration, which can lead to greater resilience at local to national scales.
This MasterClass will present a process for developing the basic components of SDIs based on the latest developments at the Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) and a recent study of data workflows inside the World Bank. The process includes developing policy, setting up a central catalog, enabling access to data via open standards and providing other supporting services (e.g. semantic mediation and styling).
Building Third Generation Land Tools: Its4land, Smart Sketchmaps, UAVs, Automatic Feature Extraction, and the GeoCloud
1University of Twente, Netherlands, The; 2KU Leuven, Belgium; 3WWU University of Muenster, Germany; 4Hansa Luftbild, Germany; 5INES Ruhengeri, Rwanda; 6Bahir Dar University, Ethiopia; 7Technical University of Kenya, Kenya; 8ESRI Rwanda, Rwanda; 9Technische Universitat Braunschweig, Germany
A third generation of land tools is emerging: ‘its4land’ is part of the movement. The initiative aims to create seven new tools that further support faster, cheaper, easier, and more responsible land rights mapping. The tools are inspired by the continuum of land rights, fit-for-purpose land administration, and cadastral intelligence. The project is built around an ICT innovation process that incorporates a broad range of stakeholder groups with emergent geospatial technologies, including smart sketchmaps, UAVs, automated feature extraction, and geocloud services. By coupling the technologies, end-user needs and market forces, are better responded to. Backed by the European Commission, the work consists of a 4 year work plan, €3.9M in funding, and 8 consortium partners. The project is working with stakeholders from six case study locations in Ethiopia, Kenya, and Rwanda: tool development, prototyping, and demonstration is intended for local, national, regional, and international interest groups. The case locations include a mix of livelihoods and landscapes: urban, peri-urban, rural smallholder, and (former) pastoralist contexts are all included. This paper reports holistically on the first year of its4land activities: lessons from major achievements and barriers are outlined. Risks and future opportunities are also explored.
Enabling Ecosystem of Opportunity Around Digital Land Records
The root cause of ongoing deficiencies in land administration is a deficit of systemic solutions that directly engage communities in improving processes of land records management. Furthermore, the ultimate objective of land management systems goes beyond the issuance and verification of land titles to encompass the social impact that land assets have the potential to generate. If optimized for economic opportunity creation and community engagement, cadastral updates have the potential to extend digital skills training to a geographically and economically diverse group, providing a foundation for high-value job creation and associated financial enablers.
|2:45pm - 4:15pm||12-07: New Technology, Opportunities, Regulations, and Costs|
Session Chair: Fredrik Zetterquist, Swedesurvey, Sweden
Identifying Geospatial Data Requirements for the Goals, Targets and Indicators of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development
UN-GGIM, United States of America
Geographic location is a basic precept to understanding the implications of data contributions for attaining the 17 Sustainable Development Goals outlined in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. The role of location relative to available statistics to measure the state and impacts of defined indicators for the 169 targets within the Sustainable Development Goals is vital. Determining the appropriate level of geography to meet, not only the basic indicator framework, but also ultimately the intersection of targets and indicators for more complex relationships is needed. Once useful geographic levels are determined, the existence and/or availability of geospatial data for every nation is required as a next step in this process. From this effort, geospatial data gaps can be determined as well as serve as a guide on the availability of statistical data and gaps. One task is to review the agreed-upon indicators and metadata through a geographic location lens and identify existing geospatial data gaps, methodological and measurements issues. This presentation outlines current efforts within the Expert Group, offers suggestions for consideration by the audience, as well as a path forward to respond to the geospatial requirements for meeting the Sustainable Development Goals.
Mega tech trends on the near horizon for the land sector: Where innovation in the land profession innovation converges with technology disruption?
1Thomson Reuters; 2Royal Institute of Chartered Surveyors
Technology and innovation ignores boundaries; transforming and disrupting industries at an unprecedented pace. As macro trends in economics, demographics and communications converge with the rapid adoption of emerging technology, the public sector is ripe for an evolution that will radically change the role of the land administrator.
In the presentation we will introduce the trends to watch, the tech to pioneer, and how to prepare for a new era of e-Governance. Conference attendees will be challenged to consider the role of Big Data, ubiquitous connectivity, mobile-first environments, data visualization, and participatory valuation. How will this change impact land professionals and what is the future impact on and opportunities for their communities?
Also explored will be how technology advancement in one field augments progress for other fields. One example is how artificial intelligence is supporting drone technology. Logically in the near future, we may see drones being launched autonomously to survey communities, extracting feature details based on computer-learned traits, such associating color to building material quality.
RICS and Thomson Reuters have teamed up to introduce thoughts on how the 21st Century calls for public sector leaders to be prepared to adopt and utilize emerging technologies.
Legal and Policy Frameworks Governing Unmanned Aircraft Systems
Precision Hawk USA Inc., United States of America
Unmanned aircraft systems (UAS) have the potential for use in a variety of applications including mining, search and rescue, wildlife management, precision agriculture and delivery. However, the promises of UAS also raise legitimate public concerns surrounding safety and privacy. This discussion will explore how such concerns can be effectively mitigated through legal and technical measures that are tailored to address public concerns while promoting innovation.
Open Source Tools for Geospatial
1Metaspatial, Germany; 2OSGeo; 3mundialis GmbH & Co. KG, Germany
The goal of the MasterClass is to give participants an overview of geospatial Open Source software tools and libraries and give an insight to the quality assurance process provided by the Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo). OSGeo is a not-for-profit organization whose mission is to support the collaborative development of highest quality open source geospatial software.
The MasterClass will start with a short introduction and explain the funddamentals of Open Source software (10 minutes) and the OSGeo Foundation (10 minutes). The second part (60 minutes) will be interactive. Participants are asked to present simple use cases from their daily work where geospatial software is required. The course instructor will then select from over 70 tools packaged on the geospatial software distribution „OSGeo Live“ and explain how they could be used to help solve the problem.
At the end the cource instructor will summarize the course and highlight the key points and ask participants for feedback and comments (10 minutes).
|Date: Friday, 24/Mar/2017|
|9:00am - 10:30am||13-03: MasterClass: Mapathon!|
For more information or signing up, please contact firstname.lastname@example.org
Mapathon for land! A masterclass in Open Mapping
Mapbox, United States of America
OpenStreetMap is the free and open map of the entire world -- anyone can contribute, or use this commons for base map data. Learn hands on how it works, while creating mapping data for projects filling critical geodata needs in the land sector.
|11:00am - 12:30pm||14-03: Economic Appraisal of Land and Geospatial Projects|
For more information or signing up, please contact email@example.com
Economic Appraisal for Land and Geospatial Projects
1Consultingwhere Ltd, United Kingdom; 2World Bank; 3ACIL Allen
The tutorial will provide policy makers and geospatial specialists with an understanding of the application of economic principles and methodologies to socio-economic evaluations of geospatial projects across a range of domains but with a focus on the land sector. it will also cover techniques for the effective presentation of results to policy makers.
The master class will begin with a brief tutorial on the combination of methodologies used in recent national scales studies from developed and developing countries. These will focus on cost-benefit analysis and General Equilibrium Modelling. A further tutorial will cover some of the other techniques currently used in appraisals, ending with a discussion of the advantages and disadvantages of each.
In the second part of the session, we will use a case study to illustrate the trade-offs in evaluating a proposed investment from the perspective of different stakeholders.
The following questions will be addressed: which methodology is appropriate to different circumstances; what strategies are effective to communicate the message;
how are non-financial considerations factored in the analysis.
This session will involve dividing the delegates in groups who will consider these perspectives and design an "elevator pitch" to present their conclusions.
|1:30pm - 3:00pm||15-03: Land Management Ecosystems |
For more information or signing up, please contact firstname.lastname@example.org
Land Management Ecosystems — Challenges, Enablers and the Future
1George Mason University, United States of America; 2Center for Land Governance, NR Management Consultants India Pvt. Ltd.; 3Formerly ICT Minister, Government of Colombia
This masterclass aims to explore and advance “end-to-end systems thinking” as a novel paradigm in land records management. By end-to-end systems thinking we mean a holistic integration of the front end of land management systems (including community engagement, formal and informal land rights, public policy, and culture) with the backend (including databases, data systems, and administrative processes). In the masterclass, a group of experienced professionals will discuss
* Key current challenges in land records management;
* The present state of the art in the field; and
* How novel combinations of public policies, community engagement strategies, and applications of Information and Communication Technologies may link the front- and back-ends of land records management.
Our intention is that the class contributes to an ongoing paradigm shift in the land records management by applying end-to-end systems thinking.
Mr. Diego Vega, former Minister of ICT, Colombia
Professor Philip Auerswald, Schar School of Policy and Government, George Mason University, USA (GMU)
Mr. Pranab Ranjan Choudhury, Center for Land Governance, NRMC India Pvt. Ltd.
Mr. Camilo Pardo, Doctoral Student, Schar School of Policy and Government, GMU, formerly with the government of Columbia
Mr. Sachin Garg, Doctoral Candidate, Schar School of Policy and Government, GMU
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Conference: Land and Poverty 2017
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