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01-11: Multiple Uses and Benefits from Spatial Data
A Study of Utilization of NSDI for the Sustainable Development
NTT DATA VIETNAM, Vietnam
In the field of NSDI, various situations exist where the implementation of the system has been completed but the utilization of the system is not going well. The problem seems to lie in the fact that NSDI is not only the deployment of technology but also the establishment of cooperation among the participating institutes. It depends on the situations of the country. However, the situations are always changing in organizations, technologies, finance, and so on. It is important that how NSDI can be utilized through changing situations of the country is discussed. In this paper, the utilization of NSDI for the sustainable development is discussed. The author proposed NSDI Master Framework which consists of three components based on the experience of developing the NSDI networking system in Indonesia. Reviewing NSDI cases and Sustainable Development Goals of the United Nations according to the NSDI Master Framework, two solutions are suggested for the utilization of NSDI for the sustainable development. One is making use of global solutions and the other is adopting best practices of applications with business models. NSDI is expected to be implemented and utilized to achieve SDGs in the less developed countries by global partnership. Case studies are provided.
Republic of Moldova: Geospatial Data for Land Governance
Agency for Land Relations and Cadastre of MOldova, Moldova
The Republic of Moldova is engaged in a far-reaching economic reform program, more particularly with EU. In line with the Partnership and Cooperation Agreement (PCA) between the Republic of Moldova and the EU, the mapping system appears to be an indispensable tool for implementing the Agreement.
Moldova has initiated the establishment of its NSDI with the support of the Norwegian Government and Norwegian Mapping and Cadastre Authority. The project aims to support the development of e-Governance by providing access to reliable and up-to-date geographical information for governmental institutions at all levels, the private sector, and the public.
Moldova is currently undertaking a two years project with the objective of implementing INSPIRE based NSDI through EU funded twinning project in cooperation with Sweden and Croatia. The beneficiary is mainly the Agency of Land Relations and Cadastre of Moldova (ALRC).
The purpose of the project is an improved mapping system in line with EU standards and best international practices of management of geographical data. Managing doing so presupposes a good knowledge and implementation of the INSPIRE vision.
Upstream to downstream: Jurisdictional Sub-Landscape approach towards sustainable land use planning
USAID LESTARI, Indonesia
Landscape approach is increasingly implemented aimed to improved land-use governance. It is seen as a promising approach addressing the ideal goal in conservation, and environment protection while supporting development. Nonetheless, the implementation is challenging. There are cases of programs were dis-continued when a project was withdrawn, due to large coverage area, trans-boundary, high cost or poor co-ordination with formal agencies. Aimed to have a long-term impact on land-use improvement, we develop a framework implemented at the sub-landscape as part of a bigger landscape. The framework then adopted into three tiers of processes, conducted in parallel. The tiers include a community participation on a spatial planning process through zoning to recognize and redefined conflicted land use zones. Correlate the pro-gram with existing government planning instruments is also key. The goals are to improve stakeholders coordination between the communities, private, government, and establish a social cohesion on the same environmental services. We study the implementation at two sub landscapes in Indonesia with two specific focus, a watershed in Aceh Province and mitigation for fire-prone peatland in Central Kalimantan. Regard-less the context specificity, these landscapes are representing Indonesia and other similar countries with common land-use issues.
Exploring Hidden Dimensions: Environmental and Natural Resource Aspects of Poverty
World Bank Group, United States of America
Environment-related dimensions of poverty are “hidden” for many reasons, including externalities, remoteness, and lack of awareness. Twenty years ago, two-thirds of the world’s extreme poor lived in rural areas. Today, rural areas are home to over 80% of this population, highlighting the increasingly critical role of natural resources on the well-being of the world’s poorest people. This study illustrates and quantifies the links between the environment and the world’s extreme poor using the Hidden Dimensions Database, a unique geospatial dataset linking environment and natural resource measures to poverty and other human development indicators at the subnational level. This database is used to overlay more than 50 geo-referenced environmental datasets related to natural resources and pollution with approximately 50 monetary poverty and poverty proxy indicators at the district and provincial levels for over 80 countries. These overlays, consisting of both maps and scorecards, illustrate areas of high concurrence between environmental degradation and extreme poverty, and reveal hotspots where poverty alleviation interventions must necessarily address environmental concerns. The study concludes that the WBG goal of eliminating extreme poverty worldwide by 2030 can be better achieved by incorporating spatially explicit findings related to environmental and natural resource trends where the poor currently live.
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Conference: Land and Poverty 2017
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