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03-11: Establishing a National Spatial Data Infrastructure (NSDI)
Assessing The Maturity Of National And Regional Geospatial Infrastructures: Providing The Evidence To Assist Economies And Improve Strategic Decision-Making
1Location International; 22market2market; 3New Frontiers; 4Mercury Project Solutions
Location information is fundamental to providing a consistent, authoritative evidence-base for policy development, enhancing decision-making, facilitating implementation and longer-term monitoring and for reducing the cost of regional and national government operations.
When assessing, planning, and implementing geospatial infrastructures, governments benefit from a strategic approach that is evidence-based, consistent, repeatable, measurable, and allows comparison with other nations and regions.
This paper will give a strategic understanding of the rapidly changing global geospatial landscape. It will include a tested methodology for assessing the maturity of regional or national geospatial infrastructures currently in place, enabling the establishment of a sustainable geospatial infrastructure strategy that is consistent, repeatable, comparable and measurable, and an associated implementation plan. This paper will show how that process can assist the economy and improve overall strategic decision-making.
Creating a Global Spatial Data Infrastructure Diagnostic Tool
1World Bank, United States of America; 2FAO of the UN, Rome Italy; 3Consultant
Geospatial data have played an increasingly important role over the last two decades in supporting effective decision making to address social, environmental and economic issues. Being able to access up to date, definitive and reliable geospatial data allows decision makers to see where resources, infrastructure and people are located, and the environment they are in.
Spatial Data Infrastructure (SDI) is a framework of policies, institutional arrangements, technologies, data and people that enables sharing and effective usage of geographic information.
A joint World Bank-FAO team is working to create a Diagnostic tool and related Scorecard to assess the level to which a country’s national SDI has developed, and therefore its capacity to address its development needs with geospatial data.
The objective in producing an SDI Diagnostic and Scorecard for a country is to be able to conduct a quick assessment that provides a clear picture of the current status of NSDI development in order to identify missing components, or components that might require strengthening or further development. The results would help to identify areas for support intervention that would directly impact a country’s ability to realize the 2030 the Sustainable Development agenda.
Governance in Support of Global Agenda. Good Practices from Serbia
1Food and Agriculture Organisation of the UN, Italy; 2Republic Geodetic Authority, Republic of Serbia
We live in a world of tremendous changes: unpredictable climate change, enormous demand for land and other natural resources, huge migrations of people to new megacities, millions of migrants have made their way across the Mediterranean to Europe, and all this in a world where the population is still growing.
In response to these challenges, on September 27, 2015 the UN’s 193 Member States have adopted new global goals for the next 15 years at the UN Sustainable Development Summit in New York. “Transforming our World: The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development” (17 Sustainable Development Goals and 169 targets). Monitoring the progress will become obligatory for all countries.
Action on climate change is essential to meeting development aims. At the Paris summit in December 2015, 196 countries negotiated new climate change agreement. Climate change is expected to lead to reductions in agricultural productivity, and threatens the availability of natural resources, livelihoods and food security of small farmers and the rural poor.
Many of these challenges have a clear land dimension: unequal access to land; insecurity of tenure; unsustainable land use; and weak institutions for land administration, etc. Responding to these challenges is particularly difficult when the governance of land is weak.
Potential of Spatial Data Infrastructure in Poland
Head Office of Geodesy and Cartography, Poland
Through this paper I would like to tell you a Polish story on building Spatial Data Infrastructure. Before 2007, spatial data was difficult to find online at national and also at EU level, and were often poorly identified/documented. They were often kept in incompatible formats, making it difficult to combine different spatial datasets. Many public authorities did not have online services in place enabling people to discover, access, use and share their spatial data (within countries and across borders). This situation was also in Poland where together with the implementation of INSPIRE principles was a major milestone in building Polish Spatial Data Infrastructure. Poland transposed INSPIRE directive in 2010, since that time legal mechanisms for coordination of spatial information, data sharing between public authorities or interoperability for spatial data sets and services exist. Paper depicts national coordination structures‚ impact of INSPIRE directive as catalyst, solutions introduced in SII act and their results in practice, success stories – through use cases on spatial information. Also it is worth to mention last activities on removing barrier to access to spatial data - beginnings of open data policy in Poland.
Boosting the registration of land rights in step with the SDG’s
Kadaster, The Netherlands
Registration of land rights (both formal and informal) is a starting point for different goals, as formulated by the United Nations in the so called Sustainable Development Goals (SDG’s) for 2030.
Likewise the development of a Spatial Data Infrastructure (SDI), being successful in land registration demands for the development of hard components as well as soft components. The hard components are the data, standards, infrastructure and technology relevant to the administration of land rights and the management of land. The soft components are the institutions, processes, financing, organisation and leadership. Both hard and soft components need to be in place to achieve successful implementations at national and local level of land administration systems.
It is believed that with the present state of technology, knowledge, level of ambition and commitment as defined in the SDG’s, the momentum is there to boost the registration of land rights worldwide. This registration will increase the opportunities for sustainable development and the avoidance of future conflicts. However, it requires joint activities focused on concrete results in land registration that match with the SDG’s. Advocacy, leadership and financing need our full attention. It is up to large international organisations to take the lead in this.
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Conference: Land and Poverty 2017
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