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11-08: Drawing Lessons from Land Reform Programs
Drawing Lessons from Reform Programs in the Philippines to Offer Guideposts for Future Reform Efforts
Republic of the PhilippinesDepartment of Agrarian Reform, Philippines
The implementation of the agrarian reform program in the Philippines could offer numerous lessons for future reform initiatives. The major lessons are on setting objectives, checking assumptions, implementing program mechanisms and following reform models. This paper also offers insights on the some of the effects of colonial institutions on property rights governing agrarian lands. It likewise discusses the implications of implementing a reform program based on a compromised piece of legislation. As it looks on hindsight into the long-running Philippine agrarian reform, it offers an analysis of what worked, what did not, why and what policy and program takeaways could be gleaned.
Microplot priorities and limitations: Using household diaries to explore of land usage by beneficiaries of land titling programs in West Bengal and Odisha
Landesa, United States of America
Well-intentioned policy makers attempting to promote secure land rights often struggle with the reality of limited availability of land. In response, caps are often put into place to limit the amount of land a household can claim. In India, for example, these maximums are often set between .05 – 0.1 acre. Research suggests that these households often reach beyond their owned homestead plots to satisfy many of their livelihood needs. However, how these households manage their livelihood needs across these multiple pieces of land remains relatively unknown. This paper proposes the use of a specific research tactic, which intends to gather data from a small sample of households across West Bengal and Odisha using a short-interval panel methodology, otherwise known as Household Diaries. The nuanced details that will be gathered about inputs and outputs from land use is intended to offer directional insight into programmatic adjustments and enhancements, for example, agricultural and food subsidies, and other support efforts, by providing a more accurate depiction of land use and livelihoods. Preliminary evidence already exposes deviances between answers provided during a one-time quantitative surveys and those provided during a targeted, more intimate and time-consuming tactics to reveal details about their living realities.
The Impact of Illegal Fencing on Tenure Security in the Ohangwena Region, Namibia
Ministry of Land Reform, Namibia
Land access and tenure security issues are linked, directly or indirectly when dealing with communal land management. The primary purpose of this paper is to determine the extent of illegal fencing in communal areas and its impacts on tenure security. The case study was conducted in the Ohangwena region in northern Namibia. The key respondents at the central, regional and local level were interviewed through questionnaire-based surveys and semi-structured experts interviews. The respondents were selected using two sampling methods. The land tenure systems of Namibia and the institutional and legislative frameworks dealing with communal land management and administration were explained. The paper also explained how fencing evolved in communal areas and how and by whom land is allocated.
The research has revealed that illegal fencing is a serious problem in communal areas resulting in poor living conditions, shrinking common grazing lands and land disputes whereby the underprivileged suffer the most.