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MasterClass 03-02: Managing Social Risk, Maximizing Opportunities: Why Partnering with Indigenous Peoples is Essential for Sustainable Land Governance
1:30pm - 3:00pm
Session Chair: Luis Felipe Duchicela, World Bank, United States of America
Indigenous peoples often live in high biodiversity areas and in fragile ecosystems. They frequently face resource development pressures from the natural resource extraction industry, infrastructure and energy development, and agribusiness. Indigenous peoples account for five percent of the world’s population, but they own, occupy, or have claim to a quarter of the planet that represents eighty percent of the world’s remaining biodiversity. As a result, Indigenous territories have become hotspots for activities related to natural resource exploitation, biodiversity conservation and climate action.
This has led to far reaching effects on Indigenous peoples’ lives, livelihoods, and human rights of Indigenous peoples. It also often leads to chronic conflict, political instability, and deepening extreme poverty among them. Given growing public awareness and media attention of such conflicts, and increasing political and legal mobilization of Indigenous peoples to assert their human rights; the costs and risks to industry, governments, and non-governmental organizations alike who work on or near Indigenous territories are real and increasing.
As a result, Indigenous peoples have become a core constituency to businesses, NGOs, and states. The benefits of proper consultation, due diligence and obtaining consent reduces risk, strengthens inclusion and good resource governance, and is beneficial to communities, industry and governments. An increasing number of industry sectors and multilateral financial institutions are recognizing the importance of implementing good practices and standards for respecting and accommodating Indigenous rights in their activities. This signifies a broader political, legal, and cultural shift towards an increasing social expectation to be proactive and balance sustainable development, respect for human rights, and good social and environmental practices with economic prosperity at all costs.
This session brings together leading practitioners and academics to discuss their experiences and expertise from the field on topics such as free, prior and informed consent, corporate commitments regarding community and Indigenous rights and engagements, and the importance of tenure security in mitigating land conflict. Following presentations from panelists, a question and answer period will follow.
Managing Social Risk, Maximizing Opportunities: Why Partnering with Indigenous Peoples is Essential for Sustainable Land Governance
Luis Felipe Duchicela1, Emily Greenspan2, Gregory Eliyu Guldin3, Alan Tidwell4
1The World Bank Group, United States of America; 2Oxfam America; 3Cross-Cultural Consulting Services; 4Georgetown University