Conference Agenda

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Session Overview
12-02: Preventing Real Estate Fraud and Hacking in Land Registries
Thursday, 17/Mar/2016:
10:30am - 12:00pm

Session Chair: Josephus van Erp, Maastricht University, Netherlands, The
Location: MC 13-121

Session Abstract

Real estate transactions frequently involve, next to sellers and buyers, several other parties: estate agents, banks, mortgage servicers, conveyancing experts (civil law notaries, solicitors, lawyers) and land registrars. Between these professionals several information flows can be found, particularly regarding the legal status of the immovable concerned and the financial aspects of the transaction. Land registration systems more and more play a pivotal role when it comes to safeguarding that the financial aspects of the real estate transaction are in conformity with standards of legality. In order to achieve this, and to counter money laundering and financing of other illegal activities, a system of checks & balances between the professionals involved should exist. These checks & balances are used to prevent (the possibility to commit) abuse of the real estate transaction for reasons of financial fraud. This session analyses this checks & balances approach and particularly the role of the land registrar in this process. However, the transaction could also be affected by others than the professionals who are directly involved in the real estate transaction. These, what might be called, external parties to the real estate transaction as such, might want to falsify any data input by either illegal activities before the data are entered into a land registration system (ex ante) or by falsifying data after the transaction has been registered (ex post), as could be done by illegitimate access to the system (hacking). A system of checks & balances that protects the process during the formal transaction then is not enough. The system of checks & balances, therefore, implies that all professionals involved both fulfill their own professional responsibility (including a check on what other professionals do) and together watch for any outside interference (e.g. hacking).

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The Possibility To Hack or Commit Fraud In Cross Border Conveyancing

Jacob Vos

Dutch Cadastre, Land Registry and Mapping Agency (Kadaster), Netherlands, The


Safe Automation of Land Registries and the Three Proof Requirements

Rod Thomas

AUT University, New Zealand


Role of Notaries and Estate Agents to Prevent Fraud in Land (Registration) Transactions

Frederic Varin, Pauline Malaplate

High Council of Notary (CSN), France

Fraud and Land Title Registration Systems in International Comparative Perspective

Murray Raff

University of Canberra, Australia


Fraud Prevention and the Role of the Registrar

Nicolás Nogueroles, Theofilo Hurtado

IPRA-CINDER (International Property Registries Association), Spain


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