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05-05: Roundtable on Lessons Learned in Property Valuation and Taxation in Europe and Central Asia
Achieving Successful Implementation of Value-based Property Tax Reforms in the ECA Region
1Oxford Brookes University, United Kingdom; 2World Bank; 3FAO
This paper examines the factors that influence the success or otherwise of projects to introduce value-based recurrent property taxes. It is based on the results of a knowledge project in the Europe and Central Asia Region that the World Bank, FAO and the Centre of Registers of Lithuania have worked on since 2014. The project identifies good practice in mass valuation systems, valuation infrastructure, and property tax reforms within the framework of the Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure. It uses material from nine case studies that range from countries with well-established systems of value-based property taxation to those which have been piloting mass valuation systems or considering their options. It identifies the pre-conditions needed for the successful introduction of value-based property taxes and the strategies that can be used to overcome obstacles.
Property Sales Register as a Tool to Improve the Quality of Valuation and Market Analysis. Lessons Learned from Selected Countries
This article examines the significance of property sales data. Case studies about sales (price) registers in eight European countries which differ in terms of their development paths and experiences are used as examples. The issues of administration, accessibility, etc. are examined in the context of the quality of valuation and market analysis. However, a well-functioning sales register does not contribute to the development of property markets via professional services alone. The main concepts of property market – efficiency, transparency and maturity – are largely based on market information from raw data, including the prices in sales registers. The main conclusions are related to restrictions and limits on public access to sales data, which is generally the exception; to free access to sales data which provide new opportunities and support the development of property markets; and the data reliability issue, which cannot be an obstacle to the introduction of a sales register. Experience and lessons learned in selected countries can be useful to improve market data gathering and registration systems, especially in countries willing to introduce and improve their sales registers.
Public Awareness Challenges of Valuation and Taxation
Lincoln Institute of Land Policy, United States of America
Property tax reform efforts often encounter serious difficulties when public debate is dominated by distorted or inaccurate information, even when these measures are based on an excellent technical foundation. Technical experts cannot be expected to serve as communications specialists, but their knowledge can help contribute to reframing this debate. This paper considers two potential new approaches to discussion of the property tax, placing it within the framework of the worldwide debate on economic inequality and of efforts to draw on land value increases due to public infrastructure improvements to help fund those projects.
Experiences of the International Association of Assessing Officers (IAAO) in ECA
International Association of Assessing Officers, United States of America
The International Association of Assessing Officers has been providing technical assistance, education and professional standards to members of the European and Asian communities for many years.
Courses from our regular curriculum have been sponsored by local entities and specific course offerings have been constructed for presentation to local groups in England, Moscow and Beijing. These offerings have ranged from a single day seminar to a week long course all in the area of the mass appraisal techniques developed and utilized in the United States.
Several organizations have translated the IAAO glossary and technical standards into their native language. These include the Thai Appraisal Foundation, the Russian Board of Appraisers and the Korean Association of Property Appraisers, which group also translated our latest textbook on mass appraisal The Fundamentals of Mass Appraisal.
To take advantage of the resources available at IAAO, several organizations have become affiliates of IAAO, including the Korea Association of Property Appraisers, the Korea Appraisal Board, the Russian Society of Appraisers, the China Institute of Real Estate Appraisers and Agents as well as the Center For Assessment and Development of Real Estate in Shenzhen. Some members of these and other organizations have also become individual members of IAAO.
International Association of Assessng Officers, United States of America
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Conference: Land and Poverty 2016
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