August 14 - 22, 2021 | Prague, Czech Republic
Overview and details of the sessions of this conference. Please select a date or location to show only sessions at that day or location. Please select a single session for detailed view (with abstracts and downloads if available).
Please note that all times are shown in the time zone of the conference. The current conference time is: 5th Dec 2023, 05:21:27pm CET
MS-70: Matter at extreme conditions at SR and XFEL: complementarity of spectroscopy and diffraction
Invited: Virginia Monteseguro (Spain, ESRF), Emma McBride (USA, SLAC)
Science under extreme conditions is a vibrant field of research. In the last ten years, many scientific breakthroughs have been achieved across fields ranging from Earth and planetary science to fundamental physics, chemistry and materials research, and extending into biophysics/biochemistry including questions concerning life and biological function under extreme conditions. In this context, “Matter at extreme pressures and temperatures” was one of the science drivers for the construction of low emittance 4th generation high-energy synchrotron sources and free electrons lasers. The outstanding performance of these new X-ray sources will surely have a profound impact in extreme conditions science and breakthroughs can be expected in various scientific areas. In particular, detailed structural, electronic and vibrational studies on much smaller sample volumes and on sub-ps time scales will become possible. Higher pressure (multi-Mbar) and temperature states which can be generated only in smaller volumes will be finally characterized. Transient processes under extreme strain rates will be seen. Submicron sample heterogeneities will also become accessible, down to the femtosecond time scale, with a deeper understanding of processes such as phase transitions and transport (diffusion, viscosity) under extreme conditions. New x-ray methods and sample geometries for diffraction and spectroscopy will be discussed. This micro-symposium aims at defining the current state-of-the-art at the existing synchrotron and XFEL facilities and discussing the new research opportunities that will emerge from the complementarity of these large instruments.
For all abstracts of the session as prepared for Acta Crystallographica see PDF in Introduction, or individual abstracts below.
2:45pm - 2:50pm
Introduction to session
2:50pm - 3:20pm
Unveiling the structural and electronic interplay in 3d and 4f/5d compounds at high-pressure
1DCITIMAC, Facultad de Ciencias, University of Cantabria, Spain; 2Universitat Politècnica de València, Spain; 3Centro Universitario de la Defensa de Zaragoza, Spain; 4ALBA-CELLS, Barcelona, Spain
3:50pm - 4:05pm
A new internally heated diamond anvil cell system for time resolved optical and x-ray measurements.
1Physics Division, School of Science and Technology, University of Camerino, Via Madonna delle Carceri 9, Camerino (MC), 62032, Italy.; 2Synchrotron SOLEIL, L’Orme des Merisiers, Saint-Aubin, BP 48, 91192, Gif-sur-Yvettte Cedex, France; 3Geodynamic Research Center, Ehime University, Matsuyama 790-8577, Japan.
4:50pm - 5:05pm
Towards higher densities of matter: ultra-high pre-compression in shock dynamic experiments
1European X-ray Free Electron Laser facility GmbH; 2ETH-Zürich; 3Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory; 4Laboratoire pour l’Utilisation des Lasers Intenses, École Polytechnique; 5Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron DESY
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