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WS16: Advanced airflow distribution methods for reduction cross infection
1:30pm - 3:00pm
Session Chair: Arsen Melikov Session Chair: Risto Kosonen
At present total volume air distribution, primarily mixing ventilation, is most commonly applied in practice. The goal is to mix the supplied clean air with the polluted and most often warm room air and to obtain uniform temperature, humidity and contaminant distribution in the occupied zone of rooms. However, this strategy is inefficient. Clean and cool air is supplied far from occupants, typically from diffusers located on the ceiling and is mixed with the polluted and warm room air when it reaches the breathing zone of occupants. It is difficult to control the flow in the occupied zone and therefore often thermal discomfort is reported by occupants.
Occupant targeted ventilation (OTV) is the next, natural step in the development of air distribution practice in occupied spaces after mixing ventilation. The OTV is based on efficient methods and devices for air distribution as close as possible to the breathing zone of a single or group of occupants. Therefore, occupants breathe cleaner air compared with mixing ventilation. OTV has a higher potential for reduction the risk of airborne cross-infection compared with mixing ventilation. Furthermore, the energy consumption is reduced because of the clean air supply near the breathing zone of occupants and in some cases, use of source control, i.e. removal of polluted/infected exhaled air before it is mixed with the room air.
AIMS AND SCOPE
The main objective of this workshop is to present and discuss the Occupant Targeted Ventilation. Several OTV methods will be presented and their performance with regard to thermal comfort and inhaled air quality when focused on single or group of occupants will be reported. In addition, this workshop is to present the new REHVA Guidebook on Occupant Targeted Ventilation, to discuss the ongoing work and to collect suggestions for its improvement.
Opening: Occupant Targeted Ventilation
Arsen K. Melikov, Technical University of Denmark
Protected occupied zone ventilation
Guangyu Cao, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway
Micro-environment air distribution with individually controlled room systems
Risto Kosonen Aalto University
Questions and discussion
ID: 717 Workshops Topics: 6a. Ventilation and air cleaning - Novel solutions (air distribution) Keywords: air distribution, cross infection, ventilation efficiency, infection probability
Advanced airflow distribution methods for reduction cross infection
Chair(s): Risto Kosonen (Aalto University, Finland), Arsen Melikov (DTU, Denmark)
Presenter(s): Risto Kosonen (Aalto University), Arsen Melikov (DTU, Denmark), Guangyu Cao (NTNU)