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Indigenous Cultural Sustainability in a Digital World: Two Case Studies from Aotearoa New Zealand
A. Goulding, J. Campbell-Meier, A. Sylvester
Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand
This paper explores issues relating to the impact of digital technologies on indigenous cultural sustainability. Adoption of digital technologies is represented as a double-edged sword for indigenous communities seeking to maintain and revitalize their cultures; while the affordances of digital technology can disseminate cultural information knowledge quickly, easily and globally, digitalization also raises questions about ownership, control and consultation. These issues are discussed in relation to two case studies from Aotearoa New Zealand from which key points for future research are identified.
Cultural policies, social missions, algorithms and discretion: What should public service institutions recommend?
K. Tallerås, T. Colbjørnsen, K. Oterholm, H. Larsen
OsloMet – Oslo Metropolitan University, Norway
Digital media services, and streaming services in particular, filter and rec-ommend content to their users by the use of algorithms. In this paper, we ask what happens when institutions like public service broadcasters, public libraries, as well as other media institutions who base their operations on public funding and social mission statements, implement similar algorithms. Can we think of alternate algorithmic principles? What should public service algorithms recommend, who would decide, and based on what criteria? In order to address questions such as these, we argue for a broad approach based on not only technological considerations, but also complementing perspec-tives touching upon how such institutions are situated in the media indus-tries, relevant cultural policy frameworks and practices for handling quality assessments. Using examples from Norwegian public service and media insti-tutions, we indicate how the coding of algorithms have profound social and cultural implications. This short paper thus initiates a project with the aim of examining various algorithmic perspectives that could - and perhaps should - be taken into account when approaching issues of cultural policies, social missions and discretion in publicly funded culture institutions.
“It could have been us in a different moment. It still is us in many ways”: Community identification and the violence of archival representation of disability
G. M. Brilmyer
University of California, Los Angeles, United States of America
This paper investigates the ways in which disabled people are impacted by and relate to their representation in history. Using data collected through semi-structured interviews, this paper outlines two major themes that emerged through conversations with disabled people who have used archives. First, many participants reflected on the prevalence of disability stereotypes, tropes and limited perspectives within the records that document us. In witnessing such representations—or rather, misrepresentations—disabled people described how they are affectively impacted; witnessing the violence of the past is emotionally difficult for many disabled people in researching our histories. Second, many interviewees spoke about relating to such oppression, discrimination, and violence—many could see themselves in past moments of institutionalization, relating to archival subjects and the threat of institutionalization. While relating to experiences of the past that span different times, disabilities and geographies, disabled people also hold a complexity in relating to their representation in archives: as they see pieces of themselves and their communities in history, they also are aware of the activation of present politics, vocabularies, and critical lenses that they apply when addressing the historical record. As part of a larger research project that investigates the impacts of archival representation, these findings lay the foundation for the multifaceted ways in which marginalized people are affected by witnessing themselves in history in ways that are specific to disabled people and their histories.
Creating inclusive library spaces for Students with Disabilities: Perceptions and experiences
C. Ilako1, E. Maceviciute2, J. Bukirwa3
1Makerere University, Uganda; 2Swedish School of Library and Information Science, University of Borås. Sweden; 3East African School of Library and Information Science, Makerere University, Uganda
Students with disabilities are enrolled in different academic programs in institutions of higher education. The universities have to provide the required standards to cater for the needs of these students. One important area of focus is the library building and spaces within them. Although there are laws governing the construction of public buildings, students with disabilities may face accessibility barriers to library spaces, implying that they are not benefiting from the services and facilities. Therefore, it is imperative for academic libraries to create architectural designs and spaces that invite more students with disabilities into their buildings so as to enjoy the right of access to facilities and services. This paper takes a normative stance to the accessibility of library spaces by students with disabilities. Qualitative ethnographic study was used to investigate the perceptions and experiences of students with disabilities in physical library spaces using participant observation and in-depth interviews. The data was analyzed using thematic approach.