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Exploring Open Data Initiatives in Higher Education
J. Zhu, L. Freund
University of British Columbia, Canada
In this project, we conducted an environmental scan to explore the extent to which universities have adopted open data practices. Results indicate that sharing administrative data as open data in is quite rare in the higher education context; however, we were able to identify and explore six examples of such initiatives in Canada, the USA and the UK. This paper offers an initial investigation to open data in post-secondary education systems, to identify opportunities and challenges, and to offer case studies on select open data movements in higher education.
Of seamlessness and speedbumps: Transborder data flows of European and US social science data
K. Eschenfelder1, K. Shankar2
1University of Wisconsin-Madison, United States of America; 2University College Dublin, Ireland
Open science initiatives are predicated upon managing research data to over-come "data frictions,” or the points of resistance in the movement of data time . This paper explores organizational creation of data frictions to manage the flow of data from one data organization to another. We describe the creation and modification of data frictions between European data organizations and between data organizations in Europe and the USA. We analyze historical documentary data from CESSDA, an umbrella organization representing European data organizations that has served as a platform for development of international data sharing arrangements from the 1960s through today.
The What of Data: Sharing Appropriate Scientific Research
B. M. Boscoe
University of Washington, Seattle, United States of America
Increasingly, scientists are releasing research data to the public for potential (re)use. Yet, the what of data--what gets shared (or kept private), by whom, and why--is difficult for data curators and stewards to determine. Scientific field-specific norms play an important role in decision-making processes to define what data are deemed acceptable to release. I explore the framework of contextual integrity (CI), which operationalizes appropriate flows of information that reflect context-dependent norms. CI is essentially a theoretical framework for privacy in data; however, in this work, appropriate data sharing surrounds the data. In this paper, CI methods are applied to a case study in astronomy and show how CI can guide an understanding of which data can be shared by tracing how people move information within contexts. The aim is to provide both researchers and repository maintainers an approach to make data available in an appropriate way that does not violate rapidly evolving sharing norms.
How does media reflect the OA and Non-OA scientific literature? A case study of Environment Sustainability
T. Dehdarirad, J. Freer, A. Mladenovic
Chalmers University of Technology, Department of Communication and Learning in Science,Sweden
News outlets and popular science magazines have played an important role in increasing the public's knowledge, engagement with and understanding of global environmental issues in recent years. Increased access to scholarly outputs might foster a culture of greater scientific education, which in turn could have a direct impact on public policy. This paper aimed to study: i) Which topics in the area of environmental sustainability have been communicated to the members of the public via News and Popular Science articles. ii) If these topics were also found in OA and Non-OA scientific articles. Three data sets comprising docu-ments published between 2014 and 2018 were obtained from ProQuest and Sco-pus databases. Our findings showed four topics have been communicated to the general public via News and Popular Science articles. ‘Environmental protec-tion’ and ‘Socio-economic aspects of environmental sustainability’ were the common topics amongst OA, Non-OA and News and Popular Science articles. Although the three sets had two topics in common, they placed different levels of importance on different topics. In the OA set ‘Biodiversity management & wildlife conservation’ and ‘Sustainable agriculture’ were regarded as motor top-ics. In the News and Popular Science set, ‘Environmental policy’ appeared as a well-developed and motor topic.