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Assessing Digital Skills of Refugee Migrants during Job Orientation in Germany
Juliane Stiller, Violeta Trkulja
Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Germany
This paper examines the digital skill level of refugee migrants in Germany while pursuing a job, a training position, or following an educational path on the Internet. For that, we conducted a lab experiment designing tasks with varying difficulty to position the digital competencies of refugee migrants on the digital skill scale. Problems with operational and formal skills were observed whereas fact-based information seeking was often successfully completed. The most complex tasks could not be completed by any participant. The study contributes to a better understanding of the varying degrees of digital skills of refugee migrants. Results can be used to design targeted courses and curricula that address digital deficits. Further training in this area will enable refugee migrants to benefit from the many opportunities that arise through the Internet and its services, improving their chances for labor market integration.
Affective, Behavioral, and Cognitive Aspects of Teen Perspectives on Personal Data in Social Media: A Model of Youth Data Literacy
Yu Chi1, Wei Jeng2, Amelia Acker3, Leanne Bowler1
1University of Pittsburgh, 135 N. Bellefield Ave, Pittsburgh, PA, USA; 2National Taiwan University, 1 Roosevelt Rd, Taipei, Taiwan; 3University of Texas at Austin, 1616 Guadalupe St, Austin, TX, USA
In this study, we explored the interplay between teens’ Affective states (A), Behavioral states (B), and Cognitive states (C) in relation to the personal data they generate in social media, applying the “ABC model” from the social psychology domain. The data was collected from semi-structured interviews with 22 US teens in three library branches of the Carnegie Library of Pittsburgh, USA. Results from content analysis suggest that: 1) Young people are positive about their data skills while feeling negative or insecure about data privacy issues; 2) young people with negative affective states related to data privacy are more likely to make an effort to secure their social media accounts and profiles. Given the results, we suggest librarians, educators and software developers apply a range of strategies in reaction to teens’ different ABC states to the design of data literacy programs, services, and software applications.
Comparing Information Literacy Levels of Canadian and German University Students
Maria Henkel, Sven Grafmüller, Daniel Gros
Heinrich Heine University, Germany
The objective of this study is the assessment and comparison of information literacy among Canadian and German students from informational cities. 892 students from Berlin, Munich, Frankfurt, Montreal, Toronto and Vancouver completed our multiple-choice questionnaire. In most cases, a significant difference between Canadian and German students is confirmed. In both countries surveyed, the majority of students reach only the beginner level.