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Potentials of Smart Breathalyzer: Interventions for Excessive Drinking Among College Students
Aehong Min1, Daehyoung Lee2, Patrick C. Shih1
1Department of Informatics, Indiana University Bloomington, United States of America; 2Department of Kinesiology, Indiana University Bloomington, United States of America
Excessive drinking among college students is a significant public health issue. Electronic Screening Brief Intervention (e-SBI) has been shown to be an effective prevention tool, and it has been implemented on personal computers, web, mobile phones and social networking platforms. In this research, we asked college students to discuss about their perception of BACtrack Mobile Pro, the FDA-approved and consumer-oriented smart breathalyzer. We recruited 15 college students who have consumed alcohol regularly, asked them to use the smart breathalyzer for two weeks, and conducted pre- and post-study surveys and interviews. We identified five barriers with design opportunities for the smart breathalyzer: (1) Support from immediate family members or close friends, (2) Personalized results, (3) Intuitive status display, (4) Accessorizing the form factor, and (5) Quicker access. Future mobile and smart wearable e-SBI interventions targeted at college students should take these design considerations into account.
Privacy Attitudes and Data Valuation Among Fitness Tracker Users
Jessica Vitak1, Yuting Liao1, Priya Kumar1, Michael Zimmer2, Katie C. Kritikos2
1University of Maryland, United States of America; 2University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, United States of America
Fitness trackers are an increasingly popular tool for tracking one’s health and physical activity. While research has evaluated the potential benefits of these devices for health and well-being, few studies have empirically evaluated users’ behaviors when sharing personal fitness information (PFI) and the privacy concerns that stem from the collection, aggregation, and sharing of PFI. In this study, we present findings from a survey of Fitbit and Jawbone users (N=361) to understand how concerns about privacy in general and user-generated data in particular affect users’ mental models of PFI privacy, tracking, and sharing. Findings highlight the complex relationship between users’ demographics, sharing behaviors, privacy concerns, and internet skills with how valuable and sensitive they rate their PFI. We conclude with a discussion of opportunities to increase user awareness of privacy and PFI.
Digital nomads beyond the buzzword: Defining digital nomadic work and use of digital technologies
Caleece Evyn Nash, Mohammad Hossein Jarrahi, Gabriela Phillips, William Sutherland
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, United States of America
Digital nomadicity has gained popularity in recent years as a fashionable lifestyle and as a way of challenging traditional work contexts, but there has been very little incisive empirical research on the lifestyle’s characteristics, its implications for the future of work, or on the technology, which supports it. This paper describes the four key elements that constitute the work of digital nomads: 1) digital work, 2) gig work, 3) nomadic work, and 4) adventure and global travel. We present digital nomads as a community of workers situated at the confluence of these four elements and define how each of these are enabled by the use of digital technologies. This research serves as a foundation for information studies concerned with the dynamic and changing relationships between future of work, new population of workers (digital natives) and emerging digital platforms.