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Using citizen science projects to develop cases for teaching digital curation
Amber L. Cushing
University College Dublin, Ireland
Previous research suggests that citizen science project may involve many digital curation issues. In order to develop real world cases for teaching digital curation, seventeen project managers of citizen science projects were in-terviewed. After digital curation issues were identified, findings were used to create teaching cases for digital curation. One case related to the conceptualise phase of the DCC lifecycle is described. Utilising existing research data to develop cases can be useful for researchers who wish to teach concepts contextualised by “real world” events.
Bodycam Footage as Document: An Exploratory Analysis
Jean-François Blanchette, Snowden Becker
UCLA, United States of America
In the United States, bodycameras have been hailed by both civil-rights organizations and police forces as a source of superior evidence than can curtail excessive police force while protecting officers from spurious claims. Polices guiding their deployment have relied on traditional definition of bodycam footage as public record, and correspondingly focused on conditions of access to and control of the record. This paper applies the theoretical framework developed by the RTP-doc collective to analyze bodycam footage along three different dimensions—formal/material, content/semiotic, and medium/social—to provide a broader picture of the footage as document. The resulting analysis provides the groundwork for stakeholders to devise policies and ethical posi-tions that better account for the multi-dimensional nature of the technology.
Is There a Solution to the Orphan Works Problem? Exploring the International Models
Brenda Siso-Calvo1, Rosario Arquero-Avilés1, Gonzalo Marco-Cuenca2, Silvia Cobo-Serrano3
1Complutense University of Madrid, Spain; 2University of Zaragoza, Spain; 3PhD in Library and Information Science
Although a digital setting offers many possibilities for making cultural material more accessible, aspects related to copyright and orphan works become a real obstacle for cultural institutions wishing to undertake major projects for the digitisation and on-line availability of their collections. Although some countries have already established models to try to solve the problem of orphan works, others are still discussing possible options. The present paper explores the current situation of the schemes in place internationally to deal with the problems associated with orphan works and how these are being applied by cultural institutions regarding the digitisation and digital dissemination of their collections. The methodology consisted in a systematic review of the research results as an exploratory analytical technique for the collection of relevant information to achieve the goals proposed. The main result to be highlighted is that the global situation is uncertain and none of the formulas studied enables full and effective digitisation and digital dissemination of the world’s cultural heritage. Further advances are necessary for the creation of diligent search procedures.
Toward Identifying Values and Tensions in Designing a Historically-Sensitive Data Platform: A Case-Study on Urban Renewal
Myeong Lee1, Shiyun Chen2, Yuheng Zhang3, Edel Spencer4, Richard Marciano5
1University of Maryland - College Park, United States of America; 2University of Maryland - College Park, United States of America; 3University of Maryland - College Park, United States of America; 4University of Maryland - College Park, United States of America; 5University of Maryland - College Park, United States of America
Urban renewal was a national initiative from 1960s through 70s aimed at improving so-called “blighted” areas, and resulted in the displacement of many vibrant communities. While the underlying mechanisms of urban renewal have been examined, there have been very few data-driven, evidence-based studies that take into account the histories and interests of former residents. The “Human Face of Big Data” project started as a digital curation effort to design and develop a web-based, big data platform that provides insights and analytics into the mechanisms of this process. However, it was found from user feedback that designing these kinds of platforms is not straightforward; rather it needed to be carefully approached as diverse values and tensions exist surrounding the design of a historically-sensitive data system. This paper aims to report on the digitization and initial system design processes, and provide a preliminary design framework constructed using a top-down approach. This framework can be used to examine possible dimensions of design concerns for historically-sensitive data platforms by system designers. Also, human-computer interaction (HCI) and archival science researchers can potentially benefit from this new perspective that considers both value sensitivity and archival values.