Universitat de Barcelona, Spain | 19 - 23 July, 2021
Overview and details of the sessions of this conference. Please select a date or location to show only sessions at that day or location. Please select a single session for detailed view (with abstracts and downloads if available).
Keynote Emilio Silva: Spain: between exporting justice and importing impunity. Grandchildren fighting against oblivion
2:00pm - 3:00pm
Session Chair: Rosa Ana Alija, Universitat de Barcelona, Spain
Since the 1990s, the Spanish justice system has played a leading role in some of the most important milestones in the application of the principle of universal justice. The arrest of Pinochet in London, the opening of judicial proceedings against the dictatorships of Chile, Argentina, Guatemala... This happened in a country with thousands of people who disappeared in mass graves, tortured, looted or died in exile. In the Spanish transition period, the 1977 Amnesty Law established political and legal impunity, and a coup d'état in 1981 sealed social impunity, rebuilt on the fear of the return of another dictatorship. It was not until the new century that the grandsons and granddaughters of the disappeared recovered the memory of the victims and set in motion a social process to sweep what the elites had swept under the carpet of history and fight for justice. Twenty years later, no one responsible has been tried and some police torturers still enjoy special pensions granted by the dictatorship. It is a long road of struggle against impunity.