|7:30am - 8:30am||Breakfast (meal provided by the conference)|
|Chesapeake/General Vessey Ballroom|
|7:30am - 12:00pm||Registration desk open|
|8:30am - 10:00am||Carla Hayden: Librarian of Congress|
|8:30am - 10:00am||iSchools Meeting 5A: Board of Directors, Part 1 of 2|
Session Chair: Sam Oh, Sungkyunkwan University
|10:00am - 10:30am||Break|
|10:30am - 12:00pm||Papers 22: Digital Tools for Health Management|
Session Chair: Zhan Zhang, Pace University
It Only Tells Me How I Slept, Not How to Fix It'': Exploring Sleep Behaviors and Opportunities for Sleep Technology
1Carnegie Mellon University, USA; 2University of Michigan, USA
We present an online survey study examining people's sleep behaviors as well as their strategies and tools to improve sleep health. Findings show that certain demographic features and sleep behaviors may impact sleep quality, and that current sleep technology is not as effective in promoting sleep health as expected. We discuss the importance of understanding sleep behaviors, design insights for future sleep technology, and the value of a holistic approach to sleep technology design.
Do Recovery Apps Even Exist?: Why College Women with Eating Disorders Use (But Not Recommend) Diet and Fitness Apps over Recovery Apps
University of California, Irvine, United States of America
Getting individuals to adopt condition-specific apps over general health apps remains an issue. Using eating disorders (EDs) as an example, we explored 1) if users recommend the general diet and fitness apps they repurpose for ED recovery and 2) if they use condition-specific apps intended for recovery. We used semi-structured interviews and four questionnaires to investigate use and perceptions of diet and fitness apps and recovery apps with 24 college women with self-identified and clinically-diagnosed EDs. Using inductive coding, we generated themes to address their lack of use of recovery apps. We found the majority (n=13) would not recommend using general diet and fitness apps for recovery (compared to only 3 who would), yet most participants did not seek out a condition-specific app even when their objective was recovery. Four themes emerged around the non-use of recovery apps: lack of awareness, unpopularity or unfamiliarity, unwillingness, and lack of features or poor usability. In order to improve awareness as well as perceived popularity and familiarity of condition-specific apps, we suggest researchers and clinicians develop approved app lists, primary care clinicians become expert recommenders for evidence-based apps, and clinicians and educators leverage social media and college settings to reach these “hard to reach” populations.
Turning Points: Motivating Intergenerational Families to Engage on Sustainable Health Information Sharing
1The Pennsylvania State University, United States of America; 2University of Maryland, United States of America
Family relationships present a space for provision of support in which the members reciprocate and help one another at times of necessity. Yet, family members face obstacles in providing support to one another because they are unaware that it is needed. In this study, we investigated different motivating factors that influence family member's decision to share (or not share) health information. We conducted focus group discussions with independent living elderly parents (n = 16) and adult children (n = 21). We learned that the change of family member's sharing behaviors was often due to a disruptive moment which we refer to here as ``turning point.'' Based on the concept of ``turning points'', we discuss how those moments could promote sustainable health information sharing within families and are useful tools for designing technology to support family collaboration on health.
|10:30am - 12:00pm||Papers 23: Environmental and Visual Literacy|
Exploring and Visualizing Household Electricity Consumption Patterns in Singapore: A Geospatial Analytics Approach
Singapore Management University, Singapore
Despite being a small country-state, electricity consumption in Singapore is said to be non-homogeneous, as exploratory data analysis showed that the distribu-tions of electricity consumption differ across and within administrative bounda-ries and dwelling types. Local indicators of spatial association (LISA) were cal-culated for public housing postal codes using June 2016 data to discover local clusters of households based on electricity consumption patterns. A detailed walkthrough of the analytical process is outlined to describe the R packages and framework used in the R environment. The LISA results are visualized on three levels: country level, regional level and planning subzone level. At all levels we observe that households do cluster together based on their electricity consump-tion. By faceting the visualizations by dwelling type, electricity consumption of planning subzones can be said to fall under one of these three profiles: low-consumption subzone, high-consumption subzone and mixed-consumption sub-zone. These categories describe how consumption differs across different dwell-ing types in the same postal code (HDB block). LISA visualizations can guide electricity retailers to make informed business decisions, such as the geographical zones to enter, and the variety and pricing of plans to offer to consumers.
Creen: A Carbon Footprint Calculator Designed for Calculation In Context
Indiana University, United States of America
Concerns regarding the environment and the impact humans constantly have on the environment has been a growing concern for decades, but there is still a substantial lack of environmental literacy and action among most of the population in what they can do to reduce the damage they may be indirectly causing. Given that many people express an interest in helping the environment, this paper presents a prototype of a carbon footprint calculator which interprets a carbon footprint estimate into a form that can be more accessible to people so that they may be empowered to make more informed decisions.
Environmental Monitoring of Archival Collections: An Exploratory Study of Professionals' Data Monitoring Dashboard Needs and Related Challenges
Pratt Institute, United States of America
This work explores the data dashboard monitoring needs and challenges en-countered by archives professionals engaged in environmental monitoring, such as collection of temperature and humidity data, across a variety of cultural heritage domains. The results of a practitioner focus group and data dashboard feature ideation session are presented. Findings suggest that practitioners’ environmental monitoring struggles include a variety of factors ranging from little budget or staff buy-in, to struggles with environmental monitoring device features, data collection, and interpretation. Suggested revisions to popular data dashboard tools in use included integrating multiple sensors’ data into a single, remotely-accessible real-time control interface. Participants’ required features in a data dashboard included: charts, export options, value ranges and exceeded alerts, web and mobile access, real-time data, and a date range selector. An initial data dashboard mockup based on the expressed end user needs and challenges is presented.
|10:30am - 12:00pm||Papers 24: Addressing Social Problems in iSchools Research|
Session Chair Brian Butler
‘Berrypicking’ in the formation of ideas about problem drinking amongst users of alcohol online support groups
University of Sheffield, United Kingdom
Beliefs held by individuals about the illnesses or problems that affect them have been shown to impact upon the health and other outcomes that they achieve. Online support groups (OSGs) are one source of information used by those with health problems which may influence or determine what they think about their particular issue and how to resolve it. Problem drinking remains a major source of significant costs to society. This article explores whether the discussion forums of alcohol OSGs that do not follow the 12-step philosophy of Alcoholics Anonymous influence the formation of these beliefs, reporting on the outcome of thematic analysis of interviews with 25 users from five groups. It argues that Bates’ ‘Berrypicking’ model of information searching is helpful in illuminating group members’ information seeking activities. It looks at the four key aspects of berrypicking identified by Bates – the nature of the search query, the information ‘domains’ drawn on, the information retrieved and the search techniques used. The study finds that users are typically berrypickers, selecting information from different sources and forming their own interpretations.
LIS Job Advertisements: Seeking Inclusion and Diversity
1University of South Carolina, United States of America; 2Charles Sturt University, Australia
A growing body of literature is drawing our attention to on diversity in librarian-ship, arguing for improved diversity through better recruitment, retention, and ca-reer advancement of minority professionals. While much of the discussion about diversity in libraries is taking place in United States, this article attempts to extend the discussion, bringing attention to diversity in Australian librarianship through analysis of Australian library job ads. This article uses content analysis of 96 Australian job ads posted from 22 January to 3 February 2018 in key Australian library job search engines. The analysis focuses on how diversity is reflected in these ads, with a content analysis of wording focused on inviting diversity in terms of ability/disability, ethnicity and language, and gender and sexuality.
Unmapped Privacy Expectations in China: Discussion Based on the Proposed Social Credit System
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, United States of America
Privacy has become a global topic of concern. Meanwhile, it is a
concept that is deeply rooted in local cultures. This paper is conceptual
exploration of privacy in China, it proposes that privacy is a concept yet to be
fully mapped out in Chinese culture. Specifically, this paper uses the proposed
Social Credit System in China as an example of discussion, for this example not
only helps with capturing the urgency and significance of the topic, but also is
particularly provocative in revealing the scope of privacy as a cultural concept.
This paper begins with a brief introduction to the proposed Social Credit
System; then, it discusses what might constitute a cultural perspective to
understand privacy, and cautions the complexity of comparing privacy across
cultures. This paper could serve as a meaningful reflection for both countries
who are concerned with privacy issues in face of large scale application of big
data analytics, and for privacy scholars in cross-culture contexts.
|10:30am - 12:00pm||SIE 12: Engaging Speculative Practices to Probe Values & Ethics in Sociotechnical Systems|
Engaging Speculative Practices to Probe Values & Ethics in Sociotechnical Systems
Speculative practices have recently emerged from design-based research as an effective set of methods and orientations for probing how values become embedded in, and emerge from, sociotechnical systems. These can be used to both critically analyze existing arrangements of sociotechnical systems and explore possible alternative arrangements. While many disciplinary outlooks within iSchools engage in such questions, not all research practitioners have exposure to speculative practices and methods. This SIE seeks to engage researchers from diverse disciplinary traditions in activities using first-hand, participatory experience with speculative research methods, and to imagine what role these methods might play in various research programs.
|10:30am - 12:00pm||SIE 13: Finding a Third Path: Complexity and Ambiguity in Professional Ethics|
Finding a Third Path: Complexity and Ambiguity in Professional Ethics
Ethical dilemmas in computing and information systems are often framed as simplistic binaries: open/closed, public/private, dystopian/utopian, etc. In practice, however, information professionals work in ethical grey zones that defy such easy categorization. Using police body worn camera programs as a timely and representative use case, we will explore the ways in which rhetorical, technical, and structural approaches to the ethical use of information can embrace complexity and ambiguity. The organizers will first present examples of technology and policy solutions that are more (or less) successful examples of a “third path” approach. Participants will then work to identify similarly nuanced alternatives for a range ofbinaries common in the field of surveillance and recordkeeping. In doing so, we seek to reclaim the middle ground as a site for rich ideas, innovative designs, and effective, equitable information policies.
|10:30am - 12:00pm||SIE 14: Mental Health and the iSchools: Audiences and Strategies for Support|
|Chasen Family Room|
Mental Health and the iSchools: Audiences and Strategies for Support
While mental health and self-care are increasingly discussed in the information professions and academe, the high level of need requires an in-depth and strategic response from the iSchool community. Mental health issues occur in multiple communities relevant to the iSchools. Students at undergraduate, graduate, and doctoral levels are experiencing increasing levels of anxiety and depression (Evans et al., 2018; American Psychological Association (APA, 2015). Work demonstrates that employees of academic institutions (Price & Kerschbaum, 2017) also have significant mental health considerations. Our schools and students are poised to help the communities we engage with and serve to address mental health topics (Throgmorton, 2017; 6, Pho et al., 2018). In this SIE, we will share current details about mental health needs and discourse, focus audience discussion on observations and strategies for addressing these needs within the iSchool community, and develop a collection of resources to be shared online to prompt future engagement in this area.
|10:30am - 12:00pm||Blue Sky Paper 4|
Session Chair: John King, University of Michigan
Establishing an International Computational Network for Librarians and Archivists
1University of Maryland, United States of America; 2University of British Columbia, Canada; 3King's College London, United Kingdom; 4Kyushu University, Japan; 5Drexel University, United States of America; 6University of South Africa
Research and experimentation are underway in libraries, archives, and research institutions on various digital strategies, including computational methods and tools, to manage "Collections as Data." This involves new ways for librarians and archivists to manage, preserve, and provide access to their digital collections. A major component in this ongoing process is the education and training needed by information professionals to function effectively in the 21st century.
Accessible and transferable infrastructure is a key requirement in creating a network of collaboration for information professionals to fully realize the full potential of managing "Collections as Data."
Elements needed include:
1. Open source research and educational platforms to remove barriers to access to curation tools and resources. These are needed to deliver and share computational educational programs.
2. Creation of a Cloud-based student-learning environment.
3. Development of Open Source software architectures that use computational infrastructure.
4. Exploration of new pedagogies for educating librarians and archivists in computational methods and tools.
5. Establishment of a community of practice for developing collaborative projects, and liaising with the wider international iSchool community and practitioners in the field.
Our “Blue Sky” proposal seeks to explore a number of these challenges (infrastructure, computation, collaboration, learning) that stimulate the iSchool research community and have the potential tojumpstart international collaborative networks.
The goal is to establish an international computational network for supporting librarians and archivists, akin to the existing Sloan Foundation funded “Data Curation Network”, which seeks to model a cross-institutional staffing approach for curating research data in digital repositories.
Staring Back at the System: Creating a Center for Surveillance Research
University of Arizona, United States of America
Creating a surveillance collaboratory within the iSchools organization has the potential to use research to inspire good in a world full of information surveillance.
|10:30am - 12:00pm||iSchools Meeting 5B: Board of Directors, Part 2 of 2|
Session Chair: Sam Oh, Sungkyunkwan University
|Offsite: College of Information Studies Room 2119|
|1:00pm - 3:00pm||ASIST, ALISE, and iSchools Meeting|
|Offsite: College of Information Studies Room 0302H|
|1:00pm - 4:00pm||Early Career Colloquium|
Session Chair: Hamid Ekbia, Indiana University
|Offsite: College of Information Studies Room 2119|