Papers 22: Digital Tools for Health Management
It Only Tells Me How I Slept, Not How to Fix It'': Exploring Sleep Behaviors and Opportunities for Sleep Technology
1Carnegie Mellon University, USA; 2University of Michigan, USA
We present an online survey study examining people's sleep behaviors as well as their strategies and tools to improve sleep health. Findings show that certain demographic features and sleep behaviors may impact sleep quality, and that current sleep technology is not as effective in promoting sleep health as expected. We discuss the importance of understanding sleep behaviors, design insights for future sleep technology, and the value of a holistic approach to sleep technology design.
Do Recovery Apps Even Exist?: Why College Women with Eating Disorders Use (But Not Recommend) Diet and Fitness Apps over Recovery Apps
University of California, Irvine, United States of America
Getting individuals to adopt condition-specific apps over general health apps remains an issue. Using eating disorders (EDs) as an example, we explored 1) if users recommend the general diet and fitness apps they repurpose for ED recovery and 2) if they use condition-specific apps intended for recovery. We used semi-structured interviews and four questionnaires to investigate use and perceptions of diet and fitness apps and recovery apps with 24 college women with self-identified and clinically-diagnosed EDs. Using inductive coding, we generated themes to address their lack of use of recovery apps. We found the majority (n=13) would not recommend using general diet and fitness apps for recovery (compared to only 3 who would), yet most participants did not seek out a condition-specific app even when their objective was recovery. Four themes emerged around the non-use of recovery apps: lack of awareness, unpopularity or unfamiliarity, unwillingness, and lack of features or poor usability. In order to improve awareness as well as perceived popularity and familiarity of condition-specific apps, we suggest researchers and clinicians develop approved app lists, primary care clinicians become expert recommenders for evidence-based apps, and clinicians and educators leverage social media and college settings to reach these “hard to reach” populations.
Turning Points: Motivating Intergenerational Families to Engage on Sustainable Health Information Sharing
1The Pennsylvania State University, United States of America; 2University of Maryland, United States of America
Family relationships present a space for provision of support in which the members reciprocate and help one another at times of necessity. Yet, family members face obstacles in providing support to one another because they are unaware that it is needed. In this study, we investigated different motivating factors that influence family member's decision to share (or not share) health information. We conducted focus group discussions with independent living elderly parents (n = 16) and adult children (n = 21). We learned that the change of family member's sharing behaviors was often due to a disruptive moment which we refer to here as ``turning point.'' Based on the concept of ``turning points'', we discuss how those moments could promote sustainable health information sharing within families and are useful tools for designing technology to support family collaboration on health.