Papers 14: Data and Information in the Public Sphere
Connecting Users, Data and Utilization: A Demand-side Analysis of Open Government Data
1Wuhan University, China, People's Republic of; 2Macquarie University, Sydney, NSW, Australia
Open government data (OGD) could bring various aspects of benefits through transparency and access. Thus, governments have proposed policies and practices to disclose more data to the public. However, studies have shown the utilization of OGD instead of disclosure as a key problem. Although citizens are recognized as a key participant in the utilization process of OGD from demand-side, few studies have revealed the possible relationship among OGD users, their demands of data and utilization. Therefore, our study carried out a survey on a Chinese population to analyse the possible relationship between these three. Results show citizens’ limited awareness of OGD and portals, and their different demands of OGD subjects due to different socio-demographic characteristics. Daily life and anticorruption were the two main types of OGD utilization by citizens. Their types of usage are affected by their education and knowledge of OGD. Different types of utilization could lead to different demands for OGD subjects. We suggest governments to improve citizens’ awareness of their efforts to provide OGD, and deliver more data in the subject categories that are in greater need by citizens. Further studies need to be carried out on citizens’ motivation of OGD utilization.
“Just my intuition”: Awareness of versus Acting on Political News Misinformation
1School of Creative Media, City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong S.A.R. (China); 2Florida State University
Citizens are becoming increasingly aware of the prevalence of misinformation, disinformation, and rumors, especially on political topics. But currently, the litera-ture lacks clarity on how citizens are dealing with this issue. And information sci-ence and HCI researchers propose design solutions such as diverse information platforms assuming that citizens - with more information at hand - will be able to rationalize political misinformation on their own. In this paper, we conducted semi-structured interviews with 21 Hong Kong residents. Our findings point out that while most of our participants were aware of misinformation, they mostly did not act on them. This suggests that while it is important for designers to further develop information rich news representations, researchers also need to develop alternative solutions such as news literacy education as long term remedies.
Public-Private Partnerships in Data Services: Learning From Genealogy
1School of Information and Communications Studies, University College Dublin, Ireland.; 2Information School, University of Wisconsin-Madison, United States of America
As one strategy for expanding access to archival data, libraries and data archives are increasingly entering into Public-Private Partnerships (PPP) with commercial entities. In exchange for access to publicly held sources of information of interest to genealogists, com-mercial companies are providing financial resources for digitization and access. This paper reviews recent literature on these public-private partnerships, considers challenges and long-term implications of these relationships in data services by reviewing issues experienced in the including tensions with institutional missions, access differentiation, exclusivity agreements and nondisclosure agreements and marginalization of services financed by public data.