Community involvement in the Management of Palm Leaf Manuscripts as Lanna Cultural Material in Thailand
The University of Sheffield, United Kingdom
The Lanna region in Upper Northern Thailand has a distinct cultural heritage, one of the most important aspects of which are palm leaf manuscripts. These are seen at one and the same time as forms of sacred writing, containers of cultural knowledge, religious symbols, beautiful artefacts, products of particular cultural traditions and fragile historical documents. Libraries may have an important role to play in managing the collections of such cultural material (Becvar & Srinivasan, 2009; Jory, 2000). Yet following the management practices of developed countries may be inappropriate (Kreps, 2005). Participatory models of collection suggest that information professionals should encourage local people to participate in collection management to meet their needs (Shilton & Srinivasan, 2007). The aim of the study is to develop a model of community-based collection development for palm leaf manuscripts, by exploring the views of community members and experts. Semi-structured interviews, participant observation and photographic inventory (Collier & Collier, 1986) were used as methods in this research.
Investigating the Status of Anime Collections in Public Libraries
1University of Washington, United States of America; 2University of Illinois, United States of America
As anime grows in popularity across the United States, so grows demand for varied access. Anime conventions, such as Seattle’s SakuraCon, bring together fans to celebrate, discuss, and watch anime; there are hundreds of such conventions worldwide. Furthermore, websites, such as Crunchyroll, provide legal access to anime to millions of registered users. Public libraries can serve as another access point to anime. This access is especially important to people who cannot afford to attend conventions or pay for streaming services. But what are the challenges and needs of developing, cataloging, organizing, and providing access to anime collections in public libraries? A survey was sent to 248 public libraries in Oregon, Washington, and Alaska, aiming to identify means by which access to anime can be improved. This project lays the foundation for future work on creating better metadata systems for anime by highlighting the strengths and weaknesses of current systems.
Social Anxiety as a Bridge Linking Past and Future Social Media Use: A Perspective from Social Comparison Theory and Social Support Theory
Wuhan University, China, People's Republic of
Although the studies on social media use have become mature, the linkage between past and future social media use has been rarely examined, especially from the dark side. Therefore, the objective of this study is to investigate the relationship between past and future social media use by introducing social anxiety as a bridge to explain why some initial users of social media quit from the community later. Specifically, drawing upon the social comparison theory and social support theory, we identify three types of social media use (e.g., information consumption, information communication, and information creation) and clarify how they affect social anxiety through two different mechanisms. We also examine the boundary conditions under which the proposed relationships work by considering the moderating effects of self-esteem and feedback. Further, we also argue that there may be linear and/or nonlinear relationships between social anxiety and three types of future social media use.
“Ray of Sunshine Happiness Gun” and other apps in pursuit of social justice: Teens designs from Philadelphia
1University of Illinois, United States of America; 2University of Washington, United States of America; 3Kent State University, United States of America; 4University of British Columbia, Canada
Young people everywhere are marginalized due to intersecting forces: poverty, racism, bigotry, and even language ability. Such marginalization limits opportunities for education, personal development, economic stability, and the ability to engage in civic affairs. Libraries can help, but are underutilized by teens on the fringes of society. Traditional methods, such as surveys and focus groups, can fall short as tools for understanding holistically the needs of teens and providing useful service. An interactive “Teen Design Day,” held with the Free Library of Philadelphia (PA, USA), convened researchers with youth to discuss technology, community, and social justice in teens’ lives, and to create designs for promoting social justice. A Raspberry Pi training session provided teens an inexpensive and user-friendly way for teens to consider how they can create technology. Teens’ designs showed an array of creative apps and services for promoting social justice that reflect deep sensitivity of community and care for others.