Overview and details of the sessions of this conference. Please select a date or room to show only sessions at that day or location. Please select a single session for detailed view (with abstracts and downloads if available).
Preliminary Papers 2: Information Behaviors and HCI
1:30pm - 3:00pm
Session Chair: Andrew M. Cox, The University of Sheffield
Location:Hankou Hall Location: Third Floor
Information Communication Technology in the Fight Against Sexual Human Trafficking
Jo Lynn Westbrook
University of Texas @ Austin, United States of America
Information communication technology continues to extend the reach of sexual human traffickers. Interactive dark web sites provide victim photographs to facilitate “shopping” on a global level. Commercial payment and delivery processes remain carefully hidden from international and national law enforcement. While law enforcement is frequently stymied, social service agencies have begun to use internet affordances as their primary tool for making progress at a personal level. This study is the first to examine that technological approach to mitigation by analyzing social service agencies’ services and priorities. Content analysis of the five major U.S. coalition web sites, indicates moderate service support for victims but public education as the top priority.
A Survey on Management of Personal Health Information from Activity Trackers
Yuanyuan Feng, Denise E. Agosto
Drexel University, United States of America
This paper examines how people manage activity tracker-generated personal health information. A pilot web survey study was conducted to understand healthy activity tracker users’ personal health information management (PHIM) practices and concerns of the new type of personal health information generated by activity trackers. Preliminary results from 55 responses are presented, showing that current activity trackers users tend to use their devices on a frequent and consistent basis, that they use a range of health/wellness applications and are often willing to try new ones, and that they have various PHIM concerns regarding needs, practices and obstacles. The findings suggest that future mobile and wearable technologies should allow for individualization and customization to support users’ diverse PHIM needs and specific health-related goals.
Activity Patterns of Collaborative Sensemaking in Small Discussion Groups
Zhe Wang, Jiaxin An, Pengyi Zhang
Peking University, China
Sensemaking could be carried out individually or collaboratively. Collaborative sensemaking is a process where a group of people seek or create a shared representation collaboratively to accomplish a shared task. We conduct content analysis on 12 sections (611 minutes of audio recordings) from 6 small discussion groups relating to 2 topics in information organization. We identified 13 types of collaborative sensemaking activities and categorized them into content-related and process-related activities. We also describe 2 typical sensemaking sequences in these discussion groups. The results may advance our understanding about the activities involved in small group sensemaking. The results may also benefit the development of systems and tools to facilitate collaborative sensemaking process.
Applying Motivational Design to Support Informal Learning of Universal Design for Web Applications
Yun Huang, Brian Dobreski
Syracuse University, United States of America
We introduce CAN (Composable Accessibility Infrastructure), a framework to support learning Universal Design for web applications. We present how the ARCS (Attention, Relevancy, Competence, and Satisfaction) Model of Motivational Design is implemented to support informal online learning. In particular, CAN provides different searching mechanisms that allow web developers to independently learn different aspects of Universal Design, to build knowledge on how to address web accessibility issues, and to expand their understandings by leveraging CAN’s search on relevant topics from other communities.