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Session Chair: Namrata Thapa, Centre for Development Studies, Trivandrum, Kerala Discussant: K J Joseph, Centre for Development Studies
Location:Consulat Room II (Homann)
Agro-processing for inclusive development: the case of Wolkberg Fruit Processing factory in Tzaneen, Limpopo province of South Africa
Evans Mupela, Alexis Habirayemye, Stewart Ngandu
HSRC, South Africa
In this paper we present a framework for evaluating the socio-economic spill overs of the introduction of an agro-processing project in a rural community in the Limpopo province of South Africa. The Wolkberg Fruit Processing factory was conceived for the region with the intention of taking advantage of the abundance of mango fruit in Nkowankowa location of the Tzaneen Municipality in order to create a beneficiation process that would reduce the seasonal harvest loss. This would create additional income opportunities for the local population leading to a reduction in poverty and an increase in overall well-being of the local population. The long term goal is to foster local development through income diversification. The results presented in this paper are part of a larger scope project and indicate that local entrepreneurs have benefited from the arrival of the agro-processing project, although only to a relatively limited extent. The employment effects have also been marginal as a result of competing fruit processing plants in the area.
A closer collaboration between the agro-processing project and the intended beneficiaries is recommended so as to stimulate wider participation of the members of the local community in sustaining the factory as a way to secure the diversification advantages in the long run.
Innovation systems for livestock development in India: Within and beyond sectoral systems.
National Institute of Science Technology and Developing Studies, India
This paper presents an exploratory analysis of India’s livestock sector using the innovation systems framework. The paper uses a sectoral innovation systems (SIS) framework in particular, given that the livestock sector has all the features of a SIS (Malerba 2002). The livestock sector has its own knowledge base, technologies, inputs and demand, and has very specific organizations, learning processes and competencies, some specifically nurtured by appropriate public policy (all as stated in Malerba 2002). The purpose of this paper is to (i) understand the livestock sector through a SIS framework, and (ii) explore if the SIS framework is adequate to analyse and explain all the challenges faced by the livestock sector.
The Restructuring of Grain Production in Rural China
Chunhui Ye, Wei Bian, Haigui Wang, Ziwei Ye
ZHEJIANG UNIVERSITY. CHINA, China, People's Republic of
With the rapid urbanization over the last 3 decades, the distribution of China’s grain production has changed significantly and patterns of regional heterogeneity have gradually evolved. This paper analyzes the changing proportion and heterogeneity of regional grain production distribution in China, and checks how the change of the distribution of arable land in different regions’ impacts the evolvement of grain production in China. This paper also empirically studies the main driving forces of the change in patterns of grain proportion. The study shows that 31 of Chinese provinces (municipalities and autonomous regions) can be divided into 8 types of grain production districts according to agricultural resources endowment, economy development level and technology applied. Land conversion from agricultural land to non-agricultural land, adjustment of planting structure and the change of multiple-cropping index, are the 3 main reasons for the evolvement of grain production’s regional heterogeneity patterns. The rise of labor cost and the difficulty in replacement of agricultural input factors that respond to labor cost rising due to different geographic characteristics, also affect the proportion of plant grain production in China. The conclusion is that due to rapid urbanization and agricultural development, restriction of grain production will evolve continuously. The main grain production will continuously focus on the northern part of China, while rising labor cost, the geographic difficulties in some regions, changing demand for food, decreasing arable land area, and the competition from international markets will reshape the restructuring grain production in China.