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PS-4.07: University relationships with industry and society 2
2:00pm - 3:30pm
Session Chair: Caleb Muyiwa Adelowo, National Centre for Technology Management, Obafemi Awolowo University Discussant: Glenda Kruss, Human Sciences Research Council
Location:Lembang Room (Preanger) Prama Grand Preanger Hotel Bandung, Jalan Asia Afrika No.81, Bandung, 40111, West Java, Indonesia.
Universities, Inclusive Development and Social Innovation: Experiences from Sweden
Lund University, Sweden
This paper explores how universities in Sweden have approached the challenges of inclusive development and social innovation. Whereas the higher education system has been quite successful in providing access to previously excluded groups, the concept of social innovation applied to solving social problems has not yet been integrated into the policies and practices of the university innovation system. The Third Mission of universities is generally interpreted as research and innovation aimed at developing and commercializing technical products rather than supporting more intangible and complex social-innovation activities. The commercial innovation system at universities is well developed but organizationally and operationally disconnected from social innovation activities.
At the core of this separation of social innovation activities from the work of technology transfer offices at universities, is the tendency of regarding technological innovation as organically separated from social innovation. Instead, a model should be adopted that acknowledges that although much of technological innovation is distinctly different in process, aim and outcome compared to social innovation, there exists a considerable overlap between the two types of innovation. This overlap carries with it the most promising potential for universities for addressing pressing needs of society and for improving the conditions of the disenfranchised.
Public University and Clusters as public arenas in Bolivia.
Carlos Gonzalo Acevedo Peña1,2
1Universidad Mayor de San Simón, Bolivia, Pluinational State of; 2Blekinge Institute of technology, Sweden
This paper presents some experiences and reflections aiming to build more virtuous institutional relationships from the perspective of a public university in Bolivia within emerging innovation system dynamics. It starts by recognizing ‘developmental university’ as a useful conception, which describes better efforts, values and goals of public universities in Bolivia, as well as, it offers important insights to strength an institutional development in perspective. Historically, several tensions emerged from interactions between public universities and other actors in society, particularly with those related with the state and the market. These strained tensions have been more visible within innovation system dynamics, where each institution claims for its own logic the way public universities should operate -mostly implicitly-, particularly when it comes to knowledge production processes. Therefore, this paper aims to contribute to establish a more robust institutional position for public universities in Bolivia and try to give some insights about the type of relationship this institution reproduces within innovation system dynamics. These reflections were based on cluster experiences promoted by the Universidad Mayor de San Simón (UMSS) since 2008. Such experiences were inspired by innovation system dynamics with inclusive ambitions.
Collaborating to Innovate: the case of the Nigerian Mining Industry
Oluseye Oladayo Jegede1, Matthew Olugbenga Ilori1, Martins Olusola Olorunfemi1, Billy Adegbola Oluwale2, Blessing Funke Ajao3
1African Institute for Science Policy and Innovation, Obafemi Awolowo University, Nigeria; 2Department of Geology, Obafemi Awolowo University, Nigeria; 3National Centre for Technology Management, Obafemi Awolowo University, Nigeria
The study examined the importance of collaboration on firms‘ innovativeness in the
mining industry in Nigeria. One hundred and fifty purposively selected mining firms were
used in the study. Both descriptive and inferential statistical techniques were employed for
The study found that as much as 83% of the surveyed firms collaborated with at least
one other actor for their innovations. On the whole,77.4% of the firms were innovative during
the reference period. The firms collaborated more with competitors (64.2%), suppliers
(64.2%) and customers (63.2%) within the local market and abroad than with most other
actors during the reference period (2011-2013).At 5% significance level, collaboration did
not have significant impact on product innovation notwithstanding the log (odds) of
20.882000 associated with product innovation. However, collaboration had significant and
direct impact on process and organizational innovation, indicating that as the companies
collaborate with other actors, the log (odds) of the firms implementing process innovation
increases by a factor of 3.178054 (p <0.01) and increases by a factor of 2.967561 (p < 0.001)
for organisational innovation.
The study concluded that collaboration is a key driver for process and organisational