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PS-4.05: Science, technology, innovation policy and politics 5
2:00pm - 3:30pm
Session Chair: Helena Lastres, RedeSist, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil Discussant: Rodrigo Arocena, University of the Republic, Uruguay
Location:Emperor Room (Homann)
Re-forming Human Capabilities utilising Science, Technology, and Innovation Policy: The Case of South Africa.
Rasigan Maharajh1, Enver Motala2
1IERI, Tshwane University of Technology, South Africa; 2CIPSET, Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University, South Africa
This Paper critically examines the efficacy, value and purposes of Human Resource Development and Capacity Building in South Africa based on the White Paper on Science and Technology (WPS&T). This analysis accounts for subsequent conceptual, contextual and institutional developments since the promulgation of the WPS&T in 1996. In the First section of the Paper, we review the underlying Vision of the WPS&T to understand the conceptual framework of the WPS&T on S&T as a whole and the HRD in particular. In the Second section we examine the clauses of Chapter 9 – dealing with HRD – in particular to understand its orientation and focus. In the Third section, we examine the impact of particular approaches to education and training and its purposes have impacted on the conceptualization and practices around HRD in South Africa and globally and in particular examine the impact of economic determinist approaches to HRD development through education and training based largely on human capital theory. In the Fourth section we set out a critique of these approaches drawing on some of the relevant literature for this. In the Final section, we provide an assessment of the eight main interventions mentioned in Chapter Nine of the WPS&T and then we draw some conclusions.
Impact of Innovation Policies on Small, Medium and Large Brazilian Companies
Ana Paula Macedo Avellar, Marisa dos Reis Azevedo Botelho
Federal University of Uberlandia, Brazil
This study comprises a comparative examination of the effects of innovation support programs’ spend on innovative activities in small, medium, and large Brazilian firms. The econometric methodology Propensity Score Matching is used to assess the impacts of tax and financial incentives based on PINTEC 2008. Results show that the set of innovation support programs stimulate spending on innovative activities of the firms. Financial incentives, especially for the acquisition of Machinery and Equipment, are the most effective programs for these firms.
Technological Innovation Systems and the Wider Context: A framework for developing countries
UNU-MERIT/Maastricht School of Governance, Sweden
The Technological Innovation System (TIS) framework is a systems approach for
understanding the adoption and impact of technologies. This paper addresses
limitations of the TIS functions approach by complementing its list of functions. As a
result the breadth of application of the framework in developed countries is
augmented, and made more applicable to the developing country context. In order to
analyse the context in which the TIS operates, framework conditions are added to the
TIS function approach, drawn from Multi-Level Perspective (MLP) literature.