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PS-1.04: Innovation in the health sector: challenges and opportunities for inclusiveness and sustainability 1
2:00pm - 3:30pm
Session Chair: Ana Lucia Tatsch, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS) / Brazil Discussant: Rebecca Hanlin, Africalics Secretariat
Location:Savoy Room-4 (Homann)
Economic and social orientations in the policies and programs to promote Science, Technology and Innovation in health in Brazil during the period 2000 – 2014
The objective of this paper is to analyze the orientation of Science, Technology and Innovation in Health (STI/H) promoting policies and programs towards economic objectives and social objectives for the period 2002-2014 in Brazil. To do that, first the paper presents the conceptual discussion to frame the relationship between National Innovation Systems (NIS), Science, Technology Innovation in Health (STI/H) and Inclusive Development. Then the analysis of the STI/H in Brazil is carried out in two levels: i. an analysis of the STI policies evolution, ii. an analysis of four selected STI/H programs. For each of these polices and programs, analyses is made of: their main characteristics, priority setting processes, actors involved, and how they are oriented to contemplate economics or social goals, and their interaction. The empirical evidence is based on data collected from documentary analysis and in-depth interviews. The analysis allows us to observe how a comprehensive concept of STI/H, in its double dimension (social and economic), has a long history in Brazil. This history has progressed until the present with a wide combination of successes, failures, challenges and outstanding issues. It is a history that shows the strengthening of the interactions among different actors, but especially between the Ministry of STI and the Ministry of Health. Among the several challenges highlighted, the conclusion draws attention to the need to coordinate the priority setting processes with mechanisms to improve the use of the resulting STI, especially by the Health System.
Willingness to pay for detached Mallow Leaves (Corchorous Olitorius) amongst vegetable consumers in Kwara State, Nigeria
1Deprtment of Agricultural Economics and Farm Management,University of Ilorin, Nigeria, Nigeria; 2Department of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development, University of Ilorin, Nigeria.; 3Department of Home Economics and Food Science, University of Ilorin, Nigeria.
This study was carried out to examine vegetable consumer’s willingness to pay for detached Corchorous Olitorius (Mallow leaves) in the study area. The study is examining consumer’s willingness to pay for an innovation which is not yet in the market and this is value addition to Corchorous Olitorius which is in form of detaching the leafs from stalks before sell-off in markets. Primary data and secondary information were used for the study. The survey instrument was a structured questionnaire which was administered to a total number of 120 respondents that were randomly selected in a three-stage sampling procedure. The analytical tools employed in the study include descriptive statistics, Contingent Valuation Method and regression technique. The study revealed that vegetable-related purchases are predominated by female with up to 62% done by them. About 69% of the respondents were willing to pay as much as 60% premium on each bundle of Corchorous Olitorius that had already been detached from the stalk, stating that they place higher premium on their time. At 5% level, factors that significantly determine consumers’ willingness to pay for detached mallow leaves are consumers’ awareness of the health and nutritional benefits of mallow leaves and also the bid price being the premium for detaching the mallow leaves. It is recommended that innovations targeted at affordable technologies should be put in place to quicken the process of detaching mallow leaves from the stalks. This will serve as time saving for individuals who have placed higher premium on their time. Likewise, there is the need to create awareness on the health and nutritional benefits of Corchorous Olitorius as knowledge on the benefits will help consumers in making consumption decision as only 26% of the respondents have substantial knowledge of the health and nutritive benefits of Corchorous Olitorius. There is also the need to improve on food labeling on such food products in Nigeria as this will serve as an easier means of passing knowledge to consumers on the health benefits of the components of individuals’ daily diet.
Agrarian Affairs Reform for the Inclusivity and the Sustainibility of Food Security in the Underdeveloped Area
Nia Kurniati Widiawan
Law Faculty of Padjadjaran University Indonesia, Indonesia
As a developing country, Indonesia is currently conducting numerous development programs. The programs are mostly concentrating on the development of rural regions and towns in a sovereign state framework in Joko Widodo’s administration. One of the main objectives is to create sustainable food security for underdeveloped regions. Sustainable food security exists when all people have access to sufficient, safe, and affordable food at all times. Agrarian reform is a system to create inclusivity and sustainable food security in underdeveloped regions by implementing three fundamental pillars: sustainability, accessibility, and utilization of foodstuffs.