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PS-4.02: Innovation management and entrepreneurship 4
2:00pm - 3:30pm
Session Chair: Abdul Subhan Qazi, Bahria University, Islamabad, Pakistan Discussant: Mammo Muchie, Tshwane University of Technology
Location:Palace Room (Homann)
Knowledge-based startups acquisitions: co-evolution of the US antitrust debate, Google´s Waze acquisition and innovation and competition policy implications for the MERCOSUR
Manuel Gonzalo1,2, Marcos Puccioni de Oliveira Lyra1, Camila Pires-Alves1
1Universidade Federal de Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), Brasil; 2Universidad Nacional de General Sarmiento (UNGS), Argentina
Many Latin American countries, particularly the MERCOSUR ones, have implemented different entrepreneurship policies and institutional support in order to develop a cohort of firms that can enter and compete in the post-fordist techno-economic paradigm. In an increasingly global competition, many of these startups are been acquired by large and transnational enterprises. In this paper, we wonder whether these mergers and acquisitions do not deserve a particular look by Latin American competition and innovation policy authorities, considering their potential effects to innovation. In order to answer these questions, given that there is no research about this discussion between Latin American scholars, we first present a brief outline of the United States antitrust history in order to show that antitrust policy is subject to different competitive and industrial challenges faced by the American economy and to contextualize our startup acquisitions’ discussion. Then, we deepen in the antitrust conceptual debate about knowledge-based mergers, particularly adapting it for the case of startups mergers. After this, we present and analyze the Google’s Waze acquisition. Although it is an initial conceptual and policy oriented effort in a relatively new research field, we consider that this paper have two main and significant contributions. First, we set up an initial conceptual discussion and analyze a startup acquisition since a merger antitrust approach, deepening in the innovative implications of the merger. Second, we suggest some initial potential lines of dialogue around the need to coordinate competition and innovation policy in developing countries, particularly in the MERCOSUR.
Business Relationship, Technological Capability & Innovation: Lessons Learned from Garment Firms in Indonesia
Dian Prihadyanti, Budi Triyono
Center for Science and Technology Development Studies, Indonesian Institute of Sciences (PAPPIPTEK-LIPI), Indonesia
Innovation is critical to sustaining business competitiveness and productivity improvement. Innovation is typically achieved when firms possess or develop their technological capabilities. Nevertheless, not all firms that invest on their technological capability are innovative, and some firms that do not invest so much in that may also have innovative performance. However, there is still a lack of consensus among academics about the translation of this concept in explaining the mechanism on how firm achieve its innovation performance. Using case study in two local garment firms in Indonesia, this paper seeks to examine how a firm can achieve innovation performance through business relationship. Innovation performance attained through business relationship with customer of both firms is being analyzed. This paper also scrutinizes the role of customer in innovation creation process of the local firms in relation with their technological capability building process. The results lead to conclusion that innovation is an output-oriented activity. This activity can be achieved not only by a single pathway. Innovation is not only can be attained through technological learning mechanism as internal technological capability building effort, but also by direct support from customer as external parties. By this means, a firm may obtain pseudo technological capability to acquire its innovation performance. It contributes in explaining why some firms that do not invest so much in building technological capability may have innovative performance. Advantages and disadvantages of the two pathways to create innovation are also discussed.
The Dynamics of Entrepreneurial, Strategic and Network Based Factors in the Formation of R&D Intensive Entrepreneurial Born Global Firms
Vytaute Dlugoborskyte, Monika Petraite
Kaunas University of Technology, Lithuania
The nature of the knowledge based entrepreneurship relates to its essential reliance on R&D, deployment and maximization of R&D returns via technology solution development, and its commercialization via venturing. From the small country perspective, R&D globalization, speed of new technology development, the need to deal with extremely complex conditions in searching and exploiting market, institutional and technological opportunities, the need to exploit R&D resources and their return globally leads to the formation of born global R&D driven entrepreneurial firms. The paper aims to provide the empirically grounded framework for analysing the key internal determinants leading to the formation of R&D intensive entrepreneurial born global firm with a special focus on entrepreneurial firm and network theories rather than only on early internationalisation of the firm. The paper argues that born global firm as a specific form of entrepreneurial firm occur via linking entrepreneurial, strategy and network factors, and are strategically designed to be global from scratch. Qualitative data analysis allowed to extract essential factors and specific combinations that lead to the drivers patterns of R&D intensive entrepreneurial born global development. The multi-case study disclosed that entrepreneurial factors act as a starting and independent variable impacting strategy, while network is formed as a strategically intended resource for the firm. Moreover, distinctive behavioural patterns were observed revealing the ways network is used as a critical resource for exploitation of knowledge in the global market place.