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Session Overview
PS-4.03: Technological infrastructure and technological capabilities 3
Friday, 14/Oct/2016:
2:00pm - 3:30pm

Session Chair: Ameha Mulugeta Gewe, Addis Ababa Institute of Technology (AAiT), Addis Ababa University (AAU)
Discussant: Daniel Stefan Hain, Aalborg University
Location: Embassy Room (Homann)

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Indian Ayurvedic Medicine Industry At A Crossroads: Exploring Technological Capabilities In The Post-WTO Policy Regime

Abha Arya1, Saradindu Bhaduri1,2

1Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, India, India; 2Centre for Frugal Innovation in Africa, International Institute of Social Studies

This paper tries to explore technological changes in the post-WTO regime; the motivations and pattern of technological capabilities in the Ayurveda medicine industry. It investigates different kinds of learning and technological innovations taking place in the industry. This study is an interesting intervention in the industry because till now technological capabilities has remained an untouched area of research. The industry comprises of a different growth structure due to its different knowledge base. The paper explores the motivations of firms behind adoption of modern technologies, the extent of diversity in adoption of technologies which can be explained by the firm size, objectives of firm, economic capabilities of firms, and the historical factors embedded in the owner’s background. It also explores the technological innovations that are taking place in manufacturing units of Ayurveda industry. The paper discusses assimilative capabilities, collaborative learning and path-dependence of Ayurveda industry with the help of data collected from firms, institutions and scientists. It assesses challenges in the delivery system of drugs resulting from change in formulation technology. It enquires the advent of regulations and standards in the post-WTO regime. The research shows collaborative learning among different stakeholders of Ayurveda in adoption of modern technologies in the pre- and post-WTO era.

Assessment of Environmental Implications of Rapid Population Growth on Land Use Dynemics in Eleme Local Government Area, Rivers State, Nigeria

Moses Obenade1, Henry U. Okeke2, Francis I. Okpiliya3

1NATIONAL CENTER FOR TECHNOLOGY MANAGEMENT (NACETEM), Nigeria; 2National Space Research and Development Agency (NASRDA), Ile-Ife, Osun State, Nigeria.; 3Department of Geography and Environmental Science, University of Calabar, Cross River State, Nigeria.

Population growth in Eleme has been rapid over the past 75 years with its attendant pressure on the natural resources of the area. Between 1937 and 2006 the population of Eleme grew from 2,528 to 190,194 and is projected to be above 265,707 in 2016 based on an annual growth rate of 3.4%. Using the combined technologies of Geographic Information Systems (GIS), remote sensing (RS) and Demography techniques as its methodology, this paper examines the environmental implications of rapid population growth on land use dynamics in Eleme between 1986 and 2015. The study reveals that between 1986 and 2006, Built-up area and Farmland increased by 72.67 and 12.77% respectively, while light and thick vegetation recorded a decrease of -6.92 and -61.64% respectively. Water body remain fairly constant with minimal changes. Also, between 2006 and 2015 covering a period of 9 years, Built-up area further increased by 53% with an annual growth rate of 2.32 km2 gaining more land area on the detriment of other land uses. Built-up area has an annual growth rate of 2.32km2 and is expected to increase from 18.67km2 in 2006 to 41.87km2 in 2016.The observed Land used/Land cover dynamics is derived by the demographic characteristics of the Study area. Eleme has a total area of 138km2 out of which the Federal Government of Nigeria compulsorily acquired an estimated area of 59.34km2 for industrial purposes excluding acquisitions by the Rivers State Government. It is evident from the findings of this study that the carrying capacity of Eleme ecosystem is under threat due to the current population growth and land consumption rates. Therefore, measures such as use of appropriate technologies in farming techniques, waste management; investment in family planning and female empowerment, maternal health and education, afforestation programs; and amendment of Land Use Act of 1978 are recommended.

Persistence of Innovation and Knowledge Flows in Africa: An Empirical Investigation

Francesco Lamperti1,3, Roberto Mavilia2,3, Marco Giometti2,3

1Institute of Economics and LEM, Scuola Superiore Sant’Anna, Pisa, Italy; 2ICRIOS - Bocconi University, Milan, Italy; 3MEDAlics - University for Foreigners "Dante Alighieri", Reggio Calabria, Italy

This paper investigates the persistence of innovative activities at firm-level in Africa.

Assessing whether innovation is persistent or not is crucial in order to discriminate

between different possible drivers of innovative processes and for guiding public

policies aimed at promoting innovation. Using patent data, our aim is to capture some

relevant features of innovative activities in the African region. Moreover, we look at

the effect of international knowledge flows on the persistence of innovative activities.

Employing a non-parametric approach based on Transition Probability Matrices

(TPM), we find some degree of persistence and a positive impact of knowledge flows

from developed countries (OECD)

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