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PS-3.08: National and regional innovation system 3
10:30am - 12:00pm
Session Chair: Maria Gabriela Podcameni, Redesist, UFRJ, Discussant: Andrew Roberts Cummings, Universidad José Simeón Cañas
Location:Embassy Room (Homann)
Process Approach to Engineered Innovation Networks Failure
Hadi Nilforoushan1, Cristina Chaminade2, Mohammad Reza Arasti3
1Shahid Beheshti University, Iran, Islamic Republic of; 2Lund University, Sweden; 3Sharif University of Technology, Iran, Islamic Republic of
Network failure is one of the factors explaining the failure of innovation systems. This is why innovation managers and policy makers are paying attention to this issue. Although some studies about network failure have been done, the process of network failure, especially in the case that network is going to be built by a triggering entity, has little been analyzed. Based on process and exploratory-descriptive approach, the process of failure of engineered innovation networks is analyzed in this paper. There is also a case study of an innovation network in Iran’s gas industry to validate the proposed conceptual model. The results show that innovation networks are getting failed because of two reasons: loosing the incentives of partners and missing the trust between them. There are four main activities in every process of network building that directly influence the level of trust and motivation and consequently the level of stability and success of the network. These four main activities are: partner selection, designing the structure, formalization of the relationships and risk management. Based on these findings, we have proposed a conceptual framework for describing the failure process of engineered innovation networks.
Too much, too young? Skolkovo initiative to modernize the economy of the Russian Federation
University of Tampere, Finland
The case of the Russian high technology agglomeration of Skolkovo offers an interesting case to draw from in terms of innovation policy, especially as a lesson for the developing countries. The authors have been able to collect exceptional data on Skolkovo to analyze the case from the bottom-up perspective of the Skolkovo resident companies. In addition, a literature study complements this analysis. On the face of it, it seems that Skolkovo points to a known “cathedral in a desert” phenomenon where a new policy instrument is transplanted from a different institutional context and has little hope to flourish. However, it appears there are many layers in this story.
Could Strengthening Advanced Manufacturing be an Option for Development?
Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana, Mexico
In Latin America today, various options are being discussed for how to expedite a sustainable and inclusive development process. One of the dilemmas is how to add and capture value in production and exports. In some countries, attention is directed towards specialisation in natural resources, while in others, such as Mexico, the argument for adding value to manufacturing persists. Each country must choose its development strategy in line with its available resources, technological capacities it has built over time, and the international context, among other determining factors. Based on these conditions, it must identify which industries offer the greatest opportunities for innovation and which — within the accessible opportunity range — are the most dynamic. Better STI policies need to be designed and implemented in connection with development strategy, as do specific policies for so-called strategic sectors, either applied to natural resources or manufacturing.
Since the 1980s, Mexico has been focused on the adding-value-to-manufacturing strategy; actually, today it is recognised as a manufacturing centre. Within this framework, manufacturing emerges as a potential option for the development process. Advanced Manufacturing allows an increase in the added value of manufactured products, and thereby contributes to improving companies' positions in global value chains. The present paper has a dual purpose. First, it seeks to highlight Mexico's potential for adding value to the manufacturing industry based on technological learning and technological capacities already available. Second, to meet this challenge, it discusses the foundations of an Advanced Manufacturing-based strategy, as well as certain shortcomings in public STI policy.