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PS-3.06: Science, technology, innovation and the sustainable development goals 2
10:30am - 12:00pm
Session Chair: Lourenço Galvão Diniz Faria, Technical University of Denmark Discussant: Maj Munch Andersen, Technical University of Denmark
Location:Caesar Room (Homann)
Which one Matters More for Firms in Developing Countries? Examining the Multi-level Impact of Investment Climate, Innovation Systems, and International Integration
Mahyar Adibi1,3, Keun Lee2
1Researcher, Seoul National University, Korea, Republic of (South Korea); 2Professor of Seoul National University; 3Researcher, Inha University ,
The improvement of investment climate (IC), prior to other effective factors, was main policy recommendation to low-income countries by World Bank. But in this study we hypothesis that prior to IC, international integration (II) is the most important factor followed by innovation systems (IS). In the literature the concept of factors have been developed base on structure of developed-countries; therefore country-level and industry-level was received the highest attention for policy justification. But in this study we hypothesis that in developing countries the most important level is firm-level. In addition, we hypothesis that depends upon the level of firm’s resource quality, the effect of environmental factors (II, IS and IC) are different; firm’s with high quality resources are receiving more impact from their framework condition within which firm’s operate. To verify our hypotheses we conduct multilevel-mix effect analysis, using data from the World Bank Enterprise Survey. We find that the II is the most important factor followed by IS and that followed by IC. Results also show highest activity at the firm-level, followed by industry- and country-level. Mix effect study revealed that, IC could be effective on firm’s who have high quality of resources such as In-house R&D, FDI and export. Results revealed that in order to high-R&D-intense environment being effective on firm performance, firms needs to come forward with adequate absorptive capability. The effect of high quality human capital to firm performance will boost if firms located in high export oriented environment.
Living Labs as an Approach to Inclusive Innovation: A Diagnostic Study of the Siyakhula Project in South Africa
Alexis Habiyaremye, Evans Mupela, Irma Booyens
Human Sciences Research Council, South Africa
The aim of this paper is to assess to what extent the Living Labs approach to innovation has been effective in bringing about the desired changes towards inclusive development in South African rural communities. By involving users more intensively in the innovation process as co-creators, this approach was namely perceived to be a powerful tool for inclusive innovation and was adopted in the South African context as a strategy for inclusive development seeking to integrate isolated communities. Using the Siyakhula Living Lab as an illustrative case, we conducted a diagnostic study based on Outcomes Mapping (OM) methodology to shed light on actual changes as reflected in transformations perceived by the intended beneficiaries as well as other stakeholders. More than effecting digital inclusion through access to ICT services, the intention of the Siyakhula Living lab program is to enable and strengthen local entrepreneurship by enhancing service delivery though ICT enablers. Our provisional findings suggest that important transformations have taken place and empowered hitherto isolated rural communities as a result of their interactions with the Siyakhula Living Lab project. For this inclusive innovation approach to become a real transformative force in isolated rural communities, it deserves a further deepening and a sustained commitment by all involved partners.
Revisiting Freeman From A Developmental Perspective
Judith Sutz, Rodrigo Arocena
Universidad de la República, Uruguay
Christopher Freeman’s work is deeply involved with development thinking, as well as with a systemic approach to knowledge production and innovation. His writings are richly rooted in a normative view akin to Amartya Sen’s conceptualization of development. Revisiting his texts having as a guiding thread a developmental perspective gives clues for re-conceptualizing development in times when old certitudes are gone. The paper is organized around four approaches to development –normative, theoretical-factual, prospective and propositional- showing how Freeman’s reflections enrich each of them.