Conference Agenda

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Session Overview
Session
PS-3.02: Innovation management and entrepreneurship 3
Time:
Thursday, 13/Oct/2016:
10:30am - 12:00pm

Session Chair: Paulo Savaget Nascimento, Fundação Dom Cabral; University of Cambridge
Discussant: Monika Petraite, Kaunas university of technology, Lithuania
Location: Savoy Room-2 (Homann)

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Presentations

Promoters of Institutional Change

Shirley Patricia Cabero Tapia

Universidad Catolica Boliviana, Bolivia, Pluinational State of

This paper suggests that institutional entrepreneurs -acting in small groups- play specific roles during the course of an institutional change process. In this paper, I employ the innovation promoter model to explore the dynamics of institutional endeavors of two groups that are fostering the diffusion of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) in Bolivia. A parsimonious look at these efforts shows that independent of the group organization and the forms of institutional work pursued, it is possible to distinguish the promoters characterized by the innovation studies.


The Supply of High Quality Entrepreneurs in Developing Countries: Evidence from Nigeria

Adedayo Olufunso Olofinyehun, Caleb Muyiwa Adelowo, Abiodun Egbetokun

National Centre for Technology Management, Nigeria

Knowing why and when young persons want to be entrepreneurs is relevant for development policy in the face of high unemployment. This paper presents an assessment of entrepreneurial interest and activity among a large sample of Nigerian undergraduates. Eighty-four percent of the young Nigerians expressed interest in becoming self-employed but only 28% of them runs small businesses alongside schooling. Some of the most important correlates of entrepreneurial interest are gender, family entrepreneurial experience, entrepreneurial practice and entrepreneurial education. A further exploration of the impact of an entrepreneurship education policy suggests that exposure to entrepreneurship education increases the likelihood that a student will develop interest in entrepreneurship, but it does not affect the level of interest. These results suggest the need to improve and expand entrepreneurial education in tertiary institutions as well as promote a favourable economic atmosphere that can encourage students’ engagement in business while studying, especially the female students.


The long view of societal implications of innovative nanotechnology development: the National Iranian Nanotechnology Initiative at 10 years

Sahar Kousari1, Sepehr Ghazinoory2

1university of Tehran, Iran, Islamic Republic of; 2Tarbiat Modares University, Iran, Islamic Republic of

Technology is one of the sources and origins deficits; however technology has enabled many positive developments. Technology assessment aims at providing knowledge and orientation for acting and decision-making concerning technology and its implementation in society. The common approaches for evaluation of potential environmental impacts are the “technology characterization”, “eco-profile” and “vision statement”. The first two approaches generally assume a functionally equivalent substitution of an existing technology by innovative technology. They can only be performed for products or processes that are already shaped, that are already available on the market or close to their introduction. They require information about the agent (substance, noxa, technology), the exposure of the target system (endpoints where the agents cause their effects), and models of effects (knowledge about how agents produce their effects in the target systems). In the case of emerging technologies, most of this information is lacking but vision statement is a normative framework and this is without defects. NINI is developed by scenario planning as a normative framework for societal implication. The time horizon (10 years) has expired and we have evaluated the societal implications of nanotechnology development after 10 years by ex-post evaluation of scenarios and unfortunately we go toward bankrupt scenario.



 
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