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PS-2.08: National and regional innovation system 2
8:30am - 10:00am
Session Chair: Marisa dos Reis A. Botelho, Federal University of Uberlândia, MG, Brazil Discussant: Abdelkader Djeflat, University of Lille1
Location:Embassy Room (Homann)
Inclusiveness Features of the Brazilian National System of Innovation
Arlindo Villaschi1, Ednilson Felipe2
1Universidade Federal do Espirito Santo, Brazil; 2Universidade Federal do Espirito Santo, Brazil
The paper deals with the Brazilian national system of innovation from a perspective that privileges advancements in indigenous knowledge geared explicitly or implicitly towards inclusion. That has been taking place in the technological domain –where Embrapa and Fiocruz play an active role in the promotion of economic and social inclusion in agriculture and health, respectively; in the economic domain – where BNDES has been supporting family farming through credit and financing; and alternative sources of energy through the valorization of local content in the production of wind mills; and in the institutional domain – where expansion of technical schools, universities and long distance education has been taking place bearing in mind the inclusion of people from poorer areas and/or from social backgrounds with close to none public assistance in the past. It is emphasized that Brazil’s experiments in those and other areas can be of use to other developing countries through consistent long-run South-South cooperation aimed at economic competitiveness and social capabilities.
THE NEED FOR REFORMING THE LAW MEDIA BROADCAST TELEVISION IN INDONESIA (Political Communication Perspectives, Case Study In North Sumatra)
Evie Ariadne Shinta Dewi Runtama, Ramon Kaban, Suwandi Sumartias
Universitas Padjadjaran, Indonesia
There should be local shareholders for TV networks and local TV in Indonesia.
on the otherhand there is a need to develop a broadcast Regulation which explain for permission and programs (reward and punishment) explicitly. TV which has a network up to the regions should share the advertising pie is also up to the area as well. Welcoming the digitalization era that is healthy to be healthy all operational, business and broadcast sound good and thoroughly enjoyable (educational function).Power of Communication and Information Technology as a regulator too dominant, which should be according to the rules of broadcasting regulation in the Law on Regional Autonomy is not made partially. Modernization of broadcasting should be submitted to the area, this time all the economic benefits back to the center all is not divided into Regions for example the issue of non-tax revenues communication and informatics ministery. Local content should not just be content shown in the area but also mandatory and must be produced in the region using labor from the local area. Normally if there is a local TV that is not networked slowly surely die because of the problem of capital, exemplified that for 12 hours of broadcast alone will cost 460 million expenditure per month. Not including personnel, electricity and other routine costs.There must be local shareholders, if TV networks and local TV. Regulation must explain explicitly for permission and programs (reward and punishment). TV that has the network up to the regions should share the advertising pie is also up to the area as well. Toward the digitalization era that is healthy to be healthy all operational, business and broadcast sound good and thoroughly enjoyable (educational function). The power of communication and information technology as the regulator is too dominant, which should be according to the rules of broadcasting regulation in the Law on Regional Autonomy is not made partially. It should be submitted to the modernization of the broadcasting area, this time all the economic benefits back to the center all is not divided into Regions for example the issue of non-tax revenues.
“Inclusiveness” and “financial sustainability” of public financial institutions for STI in Brazilian NSI
João Marcos Hausmann Tavares
Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro/RedeSist, Brazil
The objective of this paper is to present the main challenges regarding the “financial sustainability” and the technological dimension of “inclusiveness” related to the financial sources for science, technology and innovation (STI) in Brazilian National System of Innovation (NSI). Since 1999, Brazil experienced a huge transformation of the Brazilian financial resources available for STI. Even though very important critics may be raised regarding the application of these resources, the growing amount of resources may be seen as one of the most important victory of Brazilian NSI in the last decades. Nowadays, however, the mechanisms and institutions that made this huge and positive change possible are treated by a combination of recent major political and economic movements, exposing that this new framework faced not negligible problems related to “financial sustainability”. In the other side, this important transformation of the Brazilian NSI was not accompanied by any significative change regarding the “inclusiveness” dimension of the Brazilian financial support to STI. This paper will present the evolution of Brazilian financial institutions for STI, the main political and economic challenges it faces regarding its continuity and discuss alternative paradigms and strategies to defend and enhance the “financial sustainability” and “inclusiveness’ of the Brazilian financing institutions for STI.