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PS-2.05: Science, technology, innovation policy and politics 3
8:30am - 10:00am
Session Chair: Christabell P J, University of Kerala Discussant: Bo Uno Goeransson, Lund University
Location:Emperor Room (Homann)
Pattern of Governance on Public Research And Development Institutions In Managing Research Fund: Case of Indonesia
Anugerah Yuka Asmara, Dedy Saputra
Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI) and Indonesian Ministry of Reserach, Technology, and Higher Education (Kemenristekdikti)
Public research and development (R&D) institutions are various in Indonesia. Specifically, public R&D institutions are under ministry and non-ministry level. In this case of public R&D institutions at non-ministry level is called LPNK Ristek. Totally there are six LPNK Ristek in Indonesia, but this study is focused on four LPNK Ristek namely Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI), Agency for Assessment and Application of Technology (BPPT), National Nucelar Agency (BATAN), National Aurenatics Board (LAPAN. Each of them has unique pattern in governing research funding and in operating research activities. The classical issue is miminal contribution of LPNK Ristek in commercializing research products at national level. Factually, research activities are firmly influenced by pattern of funding governance in their institution respectively. This study focuses on how each of LPNK Ristek governs research funding as well as what strategy used to solve research funding problem does. Qualitative research approach is used in this study and case study is primary method to map and elaborate each case of LPNK Ristek related to research funding governance. Primary data were collected during end of 2014 years and continued to collect secondary data in early 2015 year. Main analysis is multi level perspective (MLP), a perspective which analyse a case at three level concurently namely niche, regime, and landscape. MLP is not aimed to compare case per case, but it is aimed to view various cases in many aspects either internal side or external side. The study finding is that each of LPNK Ristek (LIPI, BPPT, BATAN, and LAPAN) has similiar problems in research funding scheme, especially research funding source of governmental fund (APBN). Uniquely, each of them has specific and diverse strategy in managing research fund and in tackling research funding problems which is depended on inetrnal institution needs, their product market, and robust leadership commitment.
Keywords: Governance, Public Research and Developement, Institution, Research Funding.
Evolution of innovation studies: a North-South global perspective.
Rhiannon Elisabeth Pugh1, Tulio Chiarini2
1Uppsala University, Sweden; 2National Institute of Technology, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
Innovation studies are presently a large, multinational, inter and cross disciplinary field. There exist several innovation journals, addressing different aspects of innovation studies, and numerous networks, conferences, and fora wherein researchers of innovation can discuss and challenge each other on their research around the topic. This paper attempts to take an international and inclusive perspective on reviewing the development of innovation studies over the last twenty years to the present day, reviewing the “state of the art” and identifying major trends. Specifically, it traces two major international conferences which cover a wide geographical catchment of scholars, namely: DRUID Conference (Danish Research Unit for Industrial Dynamics), which is primarily “developed world” based, and Globelics Conference (Global Network for the Economics of Learning, Innovation, and Competence Building Systems), which is more “developing world” focussed. A document analysis approach has been taken to examine the published materials of both conferences. By examining how these two major international fora have evolved since their establishments (1996 and 2003, respectively), this paper seeks to illustrate how innovation studies has developed in recent years globally, exploring what the main topics and key issues are. At the paper’s heart is a consideration of whether the sphere of innovation studies has evolved coherently worldwide, or if there are differences depending on whether we consider developing or developed world foci.
From Clusters to Open Innovation Platform Approach in Innovation Policy in Global North and South - Policy design at the age of open and digitalized platform economy
Mika Raunio, Nadja Nordling, Jukka Saarinen
University of Tampere, Finland
In this paper we discuss open innovation platforms (OIP), as mode of organizations that link the ambiguous digitalized “platform economy” with the local economic development in a global fashion. We define the key elements of open innovation platforms that ground the digitalized platform economy to local economic development processes and communities. First, we define the OIP by combing the literatures from open innovation and platform business model discussions. Secondly, we put the definition into a test through two cases analysing the qualities of OIPs utilized by two multinational platform companies (MNC): Microsoft and Nokia. Cases analyse how open innovation efforts of MNCs deploying the platform strategy foster the evolution of physical open innovation environments and networks in global fashion. Physical OIPs are “grounding devices” that link digitalized economy to local economy, external communities and physical space in order to support the development of the host organization. OIPs function as orchestrating tools seeking the interfaces between the digitalizing and physical business and innovation environments. The key qualities of digitalized platform economy include open innovation process that define to who and how value is created, community that innovates and provides external talent pool, and physical and digital spaces that enable interaction. The understating of these qualities and how they are incorporated with the wider (from local to global) ecosystems and institutions is crucial for both policy making and corporate management activities related to open innovation in environment characterized by the emerging platform economy.