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PS-2.02: Innovation management and entrepreneurship 2
8:30am - 10:00am
Session Chair: Marcelo Matos, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro Discussant: Oluseye Oladayo Jegede, Obafemi Awolowo University
Location:Savoy Room-2 (Homann)
Challenges of Private Sector Involvement in Pro-Poor Innovtion
United Nations University (UNU-MERIT), Netherlands, The
There is increasing emphasize on the role of private sector in addressing development issues in the South, especially with regards to those living in poverty. The emerging body of literature in business and management, titled as Bottom/ Base of the Pyramid pushed this idea further to make the case for companies to consider low-income markets as another source for innovation and business development, under the assumption that mutual value can be created both for the firm and for those underserved in informal markets. However, many of such initiatives, especially those of large corporations, have not succeeded in delivering an inclusive innovation and cater to those living in poverty.
The aim of this paper is to analyze the challenges that a corporation face while introducing a potentially beneficial (i.e pro-poor) technology in the low-income context. Following a participatory action research approach, a corporate initiative in dairy sector in rural India is studied to identify and analyze the barriers. The barriers are categorized into organizational, perceptional and transactional based on certain characteristics of the private actors, the rural community and the market context. An in-depth analysis of the venture provides insight into the strategies that are used to address the challenges and “enable” the innovation. The findings also suggest that a systemic view to pro-poor innovation can facilitate identifying and addressing the hindering factors.
Role of Innovation in Poverty Alleviation;Evidences from SAARC Reign
Abdul Subhan Qazi1, Shafiq ur Rehman Qazi2, Abhullah Hafeez1
1Bahria University, Islamabad, Pakistan, Pakistan; 2Pak American Institute of Management Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan
SAARC countries, with a lot of human and capital potentials and capabilities are deprived of basic essentials of life, even in this modern world. Poverty alleviation has remained one of significant areas of cooperation in SAARC since its foundation In spite of continuous efforts at ministerial levels, the intensity of poverty is still aggravating in SAARC countries. In Global Monitoring Report (2014-15), the World Bank Group (WBG) has proposed the goals for 2030 about poverty reduction less than three percent. Most of the indicators particularly education and health are still in poor conditions in SAARC. According to SAARC regional poverty profile 2012-13, a large proportion of the people are still living below poverty line. In 12th Summit of SAARC, held in 2004, the issue of poverty was at the top of its SAARC Development Goals (SDGs). These efforts highlight the intensity of issue of poverty in SAARC countries.
The matter of poverty can be addressed through the promotion of innovative activities in different sectors of economies in the region. This paper is an attempt to explore the role of innovation in eradication of poverty in SAARC countries. To achieve this objective, certain economic and social parameters are included in the study by using a balanced panel data. The data covers past twenty four years (1990 to 2014) of SAARC Countries. The proposed results are in favor of positive impact of innovation on poverty reduction in SAARC countries. An increase in employment level would help in eradication of poverty in SAARC reign.
A gender-based analysis of firm-level innovation: evidence from Ghanaian firm-level data
Mammo Muchie1, Xiaolan Fu2, Abiodun Egbetokun3
1Tshwane University of Technology, South Africa; 2Technology and Management Centre for Development, Department of International Development, Oxford University; 3National Centre for Technology Management , Federal Ministry of Science and Technology, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria
Several studies have shown that women are much less likely to be involved in entrepreneurship than men. It is not yet understood, however, if such differences also reflect in the innovative performance of the firms. Our empirical analysis is conducted using a representative sample of manufacturing firms in Ghana. Women manage over a third of the firms in our sample. Controlling for other characteristics of the firm and the entrepreneur, we find significant differences in innovation behaviour between female-led and male-led firms. Firms led by women are less likely to introduce technological innovation. They are also less successful with innovation new to market innovations. We find striking contingencies in the gender-innovation relationship. The effect of manager’s human capital on firm-level innovation depends on the manager’s gender. Higher level of education increases the likelihood of product and process innovations as well as innovation of higher novelty in women-managed firms more than in men-managed firms. Moreover, compared to firms led by men, women-led firms experience a reduced likelihood to introduce a new product but increased sales from new-to-market innovation if the manager is more risk averse. In moderating the gender-innovation relationship, formality plays no role. Implications of these findings are explored.