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PS-1.08: National and regional innovation system 1
2:00pm - 3:30pm
Session Chair: Yannis Caloghirou, NATIONAL TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY OF ATHENS (NTUA) Discussant: Mika Kautonen, University of Tampere
Location:Embassy Room (Homann)
Capacity building and strategic market insertion in Local Innovation and Production Systems in Brazil
Marcelo Matos1, Maria Gabriela Podcameni2, Marina Szapiro1, José Eduardo Cassiolato1, Israel Sanches Marcellino3
1Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; 2Federal Instituto of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; 3Federal Rural University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
This article analyzes the empirical evidence gathered along 31 case studies of Local Innovation and Production Systems – LIPSs in Brazil with responses of 1310 firms. The focus is upon the different mechanisms that might contribute for firms’ capacity building, exploring both search and learning inside the firm and interactive learning with other actors. The pattern of learning relations with external actors can be decomposed both according to types of actors and to their geographical location. We investigate how the pattern of market insertion and of the interactive learning mechanisms with different actors in different geographical spheres may influence the firm’s capacity building and their ability to introduce different types of innovations. This research connects to the broad discussion within Globelics community that focuses on the role international insertion (and especially the insertion into global value chains) plays for the firms learning and for the development of Local and National Innovation Systems. The study combines qualitative analysis with quantitative techniques, namely cluster analysis for identifying patterns among the LIPSs and bivariate probabilistic models to investigate the influence of learning patterns on firms’ innovative performance. The findings show that formal R&D efforts and other mechanisms for learning inside the firm are decisive for innovative performance, especially for more radical innovations. In relation to interactive learning links, we find the local and the national levels to be the most relevant dimensions and clients, suppliers and competitors to be the three most relevant types of actors. The results deny normative propositions which are usually associated to the Global Value Chain framework, once connection to international markets does not significantly enhance the role interactive links with actors from abroad play for firms’ capacity building. In opposition, the results show that the main determinants are connected to a conducive environment and stimuli at the local and national level, which is to say developed national innovation system and its systemic manifestations at the local level. Thus, the study provides relevant policy implications for facing the challenge of promoting local and national development in a context of a increasingly globally integrated world.
Regional inequality in China viewed from the lens of innovation system perspective
K J Joseph1, Liyan Zhang2, Kiran Kumar Kakarlapudi3
1Centre for Development Studies, India; 2Tianjin University of Finance and Economics, Tianjin; 3Centre for Development Studies, India
Recognizing the role of innovation in development, this article contributes to the current understanding on inter-regional development divide in China from innovation system perspective. Innovation system perspective postulates that learning capability is at the core of innovation capability that governs development. The present study articulates technological learning capability as distinct from innovation capability. It argues that total number of patent applications could be considered as an appropriate indicator of technological learning capability. Analysis of the trends and patterns in patent applications for the period 1990-2012 observed a declining trend in inter-regional inequality in technological learning capability since 2006 and its convergence across regions. Econometric analysis using negative binomial model, on the drivers of regional technological learning capability, showed the significant influence of interaction among different actors in the innovation system, as expounded by the innovation system perspective. Further, the study provides empirical evidence on the bearing of regional innovation system characteristics and institutional context in which interactions among actors takes place. The study, therefore, underlines the need for strengthening the systems that foster interactive learning capability for addressing regional inequality in technological learning capability, innovation and development.
Territorial Systems of Innovation Emerging in Non – Metropolitan Central America: Case of the Huetar Norte Region in Costa Rica
Andrew Roberts Cummings
Universidad José Simeón Cañas, El Salvador
This paper is part of a collaboratory research effort to develop a common theoretical framework and stimulate analysis of the emergence and development of territorial systems of innovation by the LALICS and AFRICALICS research communities. The contribution of this article is to further strengthen and then apply the conceptual framework and findings from the review of the global and especially Latin American literature to analysis of an emerging STI in the non-metropolitan Huetar Norte Region of Costa Rica. This application exercise is based on evidence gathered during two week long field visits and is aimed at strengthening the operationalization of the theoretical framework and proposing a research methodology to be used in a comparative research effort to identify and analysis the emergence of STI in Central America.