Conference Agenda

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Session Overview
Session
PS-1.05: Science, technology, innovation policy and politics 1
Time:
Wednesday, 12/Oct/2016:
2:00pm - 3:30pm

Session Chair: Swapan Kumar Patra, Tshwane University of Technology
Discussant: Rasigan Maharajh, Tshwane University of Technology
Location: Emperor Room (Homann)

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Presentations

Policy Indexes Analysis on Innovation Policy Instruments of Chinese Strategic-Emerging-Industry: A New Approach for Policy Text Analysis

Wei Yao

Zhejiang University, China, People's Republic of

In the post-crisis era, most countries including China have recently been fostering emerging industries, in hopes of seizing commanding heights in the new round of global technological and economic competition. Since 2010 each province of China has introduced developing policies about strategic emerging industry(Short for SEIs). The paper focuses on the preference of SEI policy instruments utilizing in each province of China. The paper took 411 policies texts of the 31 provinces in China about developing SEI as samples, then coded the key words which appeared in the sample policies and carried on frequency statistics. The paper put forward a new quantitative policy analysis framework - policy index. It is a method which focuses on the comprehensive assessment and analysis on policy structure and content with three dimensions, namely policy integrity, policy intensity and policy novelty. We found that 1)the environment-oriented policy is the most popular policy instrument in China, then the supply-side policy instrument. there are lacking and deficiencies in the use of demand-oriented policy instruments. 2) The application frequency of financial, public enterprise, education and Legal & regulatory instruments are more higher than other policy tools. Four tools of Demand-side policy, and the taxation tool of Environment-oriented policy are rarely applied. 3)Most of the provinces make some novel content when applied the policy instruments based on the evaluation of their own development foundation and the resources endowment.


Productive Rents and Technological Upgrading: Promotion of High Tech Production in Korea, Taiwan and Malaysia

Rajah Rasiah

UNIVERSITY OF MALAYA, Malaysia

This paper examines technological upgrading experiences in integrated circuits (IC) production in Korea, Taiwan and Malaysia. Although the origin of IC production was driven by government support in all three countries, their paths and performance have varied. National firms in Korea and Taiwan have reached the technology frontier, generating in the process a significantly positive trade balance than Malaysia. Firms in Malaysia are far from the technology frontier, which is why its trade balance has been negative. Whereas Korea and Taiwan undertook without clientelist pressures appraisal and discipline to reduce dissipation of subsidized credit and grants to spur R&D, ethno-clientelist pressures has restricted technological upgrading in Malaysia. Whereas the developmental states of Korea and Taiwan managed to guide national IC firms to the technology frontier, foreign firms dominate low value added operations in Malaysia.


Evolution of Iran’s S&T policies: A circular flow in a pluralistic policy context

Ebrahim Souzanchi Kashani1,2, Siavash Hosseini1

1Graduate School of Management and Economics (GSME), Sharif University of Technology, Iran, Islamic Republic of; 2Visiting Fellow, SPRU, University of Sussex

The high profiles of Iran in scientific publications as well as its substantial achievements in specific technological fields have been scrutinized in order to illuminate the less evident aspects of Iran S&T system. Through applying the S&T policy literature, a triple-level framework has been constructed to explain the policy discourses as well as the framing conditions that together led the country to adopt the set of specific S&T policies, which in turn yielded its S&T outcomes. The chronological analysis shows a trend of increasing the importance of S&T policies in the national policies, amid the changes in the framework conditions. However, the recent changes in the political system and the so-called nuclear talks and Barjam, has imposed substantial changes to that trend, reflecting a circular flow of policies in a way that S&T policies and priorities right now are being considered as the lowest priority for the country.



 
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