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Resumen de las sesiones
Sesión
GT11-SES02: Citizenship, values and fragmented identities in Southern European countries
Hora:
viernes, 01/07/2022:
16:00 - 17:30

Lugar: FEE-AULA E4/13

Facultad de Economía y Empresa. Edif. 2. 4ª Planta
Temas de la sesión:
GT 11 Southern European Societies

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Ponencias
GT 11 Southern European Societies

A Financialised Model of Everyday Life in Southern European Countries? Debating Patterns of Individuals’ Socio-economic Behaviour in Spain, Italy, Greece and Portugal

Nazaret Abalde1, Matilde Massó2

1University of A Coruña; 2University of A Coruña

Despite the growing volume of literature on the financialisation of everyday life, studies that empirically examine the various theoretical approaches used have been scarce. This communication aims to bridge that gap by analysing the financialisation of individuals’ socio-economic behaviour in Southern Europe. To this effect, we used data from the second wave of the Household Finance and Consumption Survey (HFCS), drawn up by the European Central Bank in 2016. First, we designed an operational model of the financialisation of everyday life based on variables related to individual financial behaviour, household money management, and the perception of economic risk. Second, we conducted a factor analysis together with a rank analysis to study the behaviour of individuals in Spain, Italy, Greece, and Portugal. The results question the financialisation of individual economic action in Southern Europe and point to the characterisation of a heterogeneous pattern of socio-economic behaviour in the region. This work paves the way for a new methodological and theoretical research agenda, since the literature on financialisation may benefit from our operational model of everyday life and apply it to further surveys.



GT 11 Southern European Societies

Internal migration in Southern Europe. First results from a literature review.

Anna Giulia Ingellis1, Domenico Maddaloni2

1Universitat de València, España; 2Universitá di Salerno

The creation of a single area of citizenship for the nationals of EU Member States has represented a powerful incentive for migration within the area, which is perceived by many, especially young people, as an update of the old “internal” mobility . The ease of transport and communication within Europe has pushed the European internal mobility for tourist, study, lifestyle and work reasons. Whilst mobility flows from southern Europe towards other highly developed areas of northern Europe and vice versa have been well studied, we do not know very much about intra-Southern Europe flows. The main aim of this communication is to present first results of a literature review about migration flows from one Southern country to another, especially focusing on the migration motives. In a context of complexity of migration motives and changing of framework to understand mobility in post-modern and globalized societies, economic migration, High-skilled and digital nomads mobility, lifestyle migration are the main typologies of migration considered. A need for more studies about this emerging migration flows clearly emerged.



GT 11 Southern European Societies

Multiple identities (European, national, regional and local identities) in Southern Europe: A comparison between Spain, Italy, and Portugal

Estrella Gualda1, José Saragoça2, Emiliana Mangone3, Teresa González-Gómez1

1Universidad de Huelva, ESEIS/COIDESO, España; 2Universidade de Évora, Departamento de Sociologia da ECS/CICS.NOVA, Portugal; 3Università degli Studi di Salerno, Dipartimento di Scienze Politiche e della Comunicazione, Italy

Processes of identification are very complex, with various factors participating in them. The same person can root their territorial identity to both objective and subjective aspects to which they feel identified or have a sense of belonging. It is also common for citizens of the same country to identify multiply.

This communication aims to find out the identities of Spanish, Italian, and Portuguese citizens, specifically whether they identify more or less with Europe, their country, their region, and the municipality in which they reside. We are also interested in determining whether there are significant differences in the identity patterns and sociological profiles between the three countries.

The paper uses quantitative data from the ESEIS Southern Europe Barometer based on a sample of panelists in each country who were consulted in January 2022. The sample comprises 2,000 people from Spain, 1,000 from Italy, and 1,000 from Portugal, over 18 years old. Some specificities in southern Europe are identified, and the most predictive variables in each case to understand identity patterns are highlighted.



GT 11 Southern European Societies

Living in residential communities during the pandemic: a qualitative analysis in the Granada metropolitan area

Henar Baldán1, Nayla Fuster2, Joaquín Susino1

1University of Granada, Spain; 2University of Málaga, Spain

Gated communities are one of the residential models increasingly present in today's cities. This has meant that gated communities’ phenomenon has developed in many and varied forms around the world, giving rise to an amalgam of definitions, and classifications so diverse, and contradictory, with which to refer to the same issue. However, and regardless their physical appearance, there is always coincide in internal homogeneity, in socio-economic terms, present in GCs inhabitants. This "entre-soi" (Donzelot, 2007), or "among-equals" cohabitation has simultaneously aroused the interest to study how physical structure and composition of these residential spaces affect, and in what way, the socio-spatial relations (re)produced inside/outside their borders. This question become more important in Covid-19 context as the use and management of common spaces were modified. This paper presents the results of the empirical analysis of 20 interviews conducted between April-May 2020 with people living in residential communities in the metropolitan area of Granada. Please note the use of the term "residential community" instead of gated community, which is based on a conceptual proposal we presented in a previous work, and with which we cover any urbanization that physically reflects this collective motivation of "living among equals”. Therefore, we analysed, firstly, resident’s discourses according to the type of socio-spatial relations existing in communities, and secondly, the changes in these relations due to the Spanish lockdown. The results show that relations between neighbours were affected by Covid-19, but also maintain a link with social class and the morphology of the residential community.



 
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