21. Key Performance Indicators for Sustainable production Evaluation in Oil and gas sector
1Libyan Petroleum Istitue, Libya; 2School of science & engineering, Teesside University, Middlesbrough, TS1 3BA UK
The oil and gas sector has grown significantly over last decade and have a significant impact on sustainable development, making it important for the sector to implement serious changes in the way it does business. Oil and gas operations involve both upstream activities, including all processes before the raw material is refined; exploration, drilling, extraction, storage, shipping, etc., and downstream activities, which involves the refining, selling and distribution of the product. Due to the nature of these activities which cause high risks, companies work continuously to reduce the significance of their adverse impacts on the environment and people. Thus, evaluating the sustainable production in this sector is become a necessity. This paper proposes a set of Key Performance Indicators (KPIs) for evaluating the sustainable production believed to be appropriate to the oil and gas sector based on the triple bottom line of sustainability. The Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) method is applied to prioritize the performance indicators by summarizing the opinions of experts. It is hoped that the proposed KPIs enables and assists this sector to achieve the higher performance in sustainable production and so as to ensures business sustainability.
164. Use of Design Structure Matrix for Analysis of Critical Barriers in Implementing Eco-design Initiatives in Pulp and Paper Industry
Lappeenranta University of Technology, Finland
Eco-design initiatives are gaining importance due to changing environmental conditions and the industry is developing different solutions. The purpose of this paper is the identification and evaluation of barriers related to the implementation of eco-design initiatives in pulp and paper industry. This study identifies the key barriers through literature research and provides information flow dependencies using design structure matrix through a case study of a company in Finland. This method differs from traditional management tools because it focuses on representing information flow rather than workflow. The findings provide policy recommendations to policy makers for managing eco-design implementation.
58. Using Indicators to Measure Sustainable Resource Management at a Company level – polish case study in recycling sector
Poznan Univeristy of Technology, Poland
The growing interest in sustainability worldwide resulted in a parallel growth in works related to the specified topic. The greatest challenge is to translate the theoretical goal of sustainable development into practical usage at different levels of application, including the company level.
In the paper authors are focused on application of the sustainability at the company level. It was assumed that sustainability is not a possibility of building company’s competitiveness but it becomes a requirement. Moreover sustainability should be managed. Consequently, to manage something it requires measurement. Taking that into consideration authors define in the paper a concept of the sustainable resource management (SRM) as translation of the sustainability at the company level with the use of resource based view theory. On the basis of the conducted literature research it was noted that there is lack of method for the SRM using indicators.
In the study, there is presented a method of indicators determination for SRM, recommended for the companies from car recycling sector in Poland, which are mainly representing SME’s.
Authors state that indicators for measuring SRM should be dedicated to the characteristic of the company determined by the size, type and sector.
A case study at a polish car recycling company has been performed to prepare the set of indicators according to the described method.
215. Measuring Business Sustainability Maturity-Levels and Best Practices
1Instituto Politécnico Nacional, ESCA Santo Tomás, Mexico City, 11340, México; 2Derby Business School, The University of Derby, Derby, DE22 1GB, UK; 3Bristol Business School, University of the West of England, Bristol, BS16 1QY, UK; 4Centro de Ciencias Económicas y Administrativas, Universidad Autónoma de Aguascalientes, Ciudad Universitaria Aguascalientes, 20131, Mexico
There has been an increasing interest in corporate sustainability (CS) and how companies should strive for it in order to satisfy stakeholders’ demands concerning social, economic, and environmental impacts. The purpose of this paper was to identify the best sustainability practices and the sustainability maturity levels that allow manufacturing and service companies to contribute to sustainable development in the long run. Based on a qualitative approach, a comparative study of five large companies was deployed in order to determine their sustainability maturity levels and best practices. The research method consisted of a critical review of the literature and category analysis concerning corporate sustainability trends and some of the best well-known performance frameworks such as the Global Reporting Initiative (GRI), business excellence models (BEMs), and international standards. The main findings reveal that companies’ sustainability maturity levels range from satisfactory to sophisticated in several sustainability aspects. Best sustainability practices found in this sample include the use of certifications such as ISO 9000, ISO 14001, GRI, and CSR, among others, combined with the systematic use of BEMs over many years. Finally, several key processes such as self-assessment, benchmarking, corporate reporting, strategic planning, and systematic training were found to be significant in helping manufacturing and service organisations achieve their business sustainability objectives.
325. Understanding the Relationship between Stakeholder Pressure and Sustainability Performance in Manufacturing Firms in Pakistan
Lappeenranta University of Technology, Finland
Sustainable supply chain practices has been acknowledged among the supply chain scholars due to its importance as a key to promote sustainability. The aim of this paper is to examine the relationship between stakeholder pressure and adoption of sustainable supply chain practices and impact on sustainability performance. The study draws on stakeholder theory and the resource-based view of the firm, data was collected through survey methodology from 272 manufacturing firms in Pakistan and hypothesis tested using structural equation modelling (SEM). The sustainability performance is combination of environmental and social performance.The conclusion signifies the important role that SSCP can play in achieving the social and environmental performance of the manufacturing firms. Thus supply chain managers will perceive benefits to significant involve buyers in collaborative social and environmental practices. This study suggest the policy implications and recommendations to the practitioners as how to improve the social performance in manufacturing firms in context with the emerging economies.