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Session Overview
Session
FIIE-7: Regulation, Credit and Hedge funds
Time:
Thursday, 22/Aug/2019:
13:30 - 15:00

Session Chair: Sascha Steffen, Frankfurt School
Location: D -113

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Presentations

Loan Guarantees and Credit Supply

Natalie Bachas1, Constantine Yannelis2, Olivia Kim3

1Princeton, United States of America; 2Chicago Booth School of Business; 3MIT Sloan

Discussant: Sebastian Doerr (University of Zurich)

The efficiency of federal lending guarantees depends on whether guarantees increase lending supply, or simply crowd out more efficient private loans. We estimate the elasticity of lending supply to loan guarantees by exploiting notches in guarantee rates for loans made by the Small Business Administration. We find significant bunching on the side of the threshold with higher loan guarantees, and estimate an elasticity of lending supply to loan guarantees of approximately 4.9. We find that the excess mass is greater in years when guarantees are higher, and placebo estimates indicate no bunching in years when guarantees are identical across the threshold.

efa2019-FIIE-7-393-Loan Guarantees and Credit Supply.pdf


Bank-Intermediated Arbitrage

Nina Boyarchenko, Thomas Eisenbach, Pooja Gupta, Or Shachar, Peter Van Tassel

Federal Reserve Bank of New York, United States of America

Discussant: Tatyana Marchuk (BI Norwegian Business School)

We argue that post-crisis bank regulation can explain large, persistent deviations from parity on basis trades requiring leverage. Documenting the financing cost and balance sheet impact of a broad array of basis trades for regulated institutions, we show that the implied return on equity on such trades is considerably lower under post-crisis regulation. Moreover, the greatest increases in the level of the basis and the greatest decreases in implied return on equity occur for trades with the biggest increases in balance sheet impact. Though hedge funds would serve as natural alternative arbitrageurs to regulated institutions, we document that funds reliant on leverage from a global systemically important bank suffer significant declines in assets and returns relative to unlevered funds. Thus, post-crisis regulation not only affects the targeted banks directly, but also spills over to unregulated firms that rely on bank intermediation for their arbitrage strategies.

efa2019-FIIE-7-1495-Bank-Intermediated Arbitrage.pdf


Capital Regulations and Credit Line Management during Crisis Times

Paul Pelzl1,2,3, Maria Teresa Valderrama4

1The VU Amsterdam, Netherlands; 2Tinbergen Institute; 3De Nederlandsche Bank; 4Oesterreichische National Bank

Discussant: Tim Eisert (Erasmus University Rotterdam)

Credit line drawdowns by firms reduce a bank's regulatory capital ratio. Using the Austrian Credit Register, we provide novel evidence that during the 2008-09 financial crisis, capital-constrained banks managed this concern by substantially cutting little-used credit lines. Controlling for a bank's capital position, we also find that greater liquidity problems induced banks to considerably cut little-used credit lines over 2008-09. These results suggest that banks actively manage both capital and liquidity risk caused by undrawn credit lines in periods of financial distress, but thereby reduce liquidity provision to firms exactly when they need it most.

efa2019-FIIE-7-736-Capital Regulations and Credit Line Management during Crisis Times.pdf


 
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