ID: 150 / Workshop F-04: 1
Topics: Evidence-Based Practice
Keywords: Real world evidence, real world data, comprehensive searching, systematic reviews
Real World Evidence: What is it and how will it impact the work of librarians/information specialists?
1University of Alberta, Canada; 2Institute of Health Economics, Canada
The use of real world evidence (RWE) to inform evidence-based practice and decision making is playing an increasingly important role in therapeutic development, health care system and outcomes research, effectiveness studies, and patient care. In the last five years it has garnered much attention in the health research community as a possible means of fixing the well known faults of the traditional clinical trial. RWE uses data relating to patient health status and/or the delivery of health care routinely collected from a variety of sources such as electronic health records, claims and billing activities, product and disease registries, and even from mobile devices. It has been described as providing a more realistic version of research evidence that can complement or perhaps even supplant clinical trials. Major health regulatory agencies such as the Federal Drug Administration (FDA) and the European Medicines Agency (EMA) are even introducing policies requiring this type of data to be considered when approving new medicines and health care devices.
Librarians and other information specialists are at the frontlines of retrieving evidence for researchers, healthcare practitioners, government officials, and administrators. This workshop will provide an overview of what RWE is and its importance to evidence based practice/decision making. In addition, we will present the findings of a scoping review to evaluate the uptake of RWE studies in evidence syntheses and the level of involvement from librarians. Strategies for finding studies using real world data will also be discussed. Participants will reflect on how RWE may impact their work in the near future such as discussing potential opportunities and challenges to search for and locate RWE.
Learning outcomes : Content covered in the workshop will help participants understand the knowledge base in evidence-based practice and foster reflective thinking on how real world evidence may impact librarians’ work in the near future.
Participants will: Understand what is RWE and how it relates to their work; Analyze the benefits and challenges of meeting requests that are looking for RWE; Apply knowledge about RWE to simulated reference scenarios in order to better understand how to answer information requests in this topic area.
Type of interactivity : Participants will be provided with reference scenarios and they will be asked with identifying appropriate RWE sources to answer each scenario. As time permits, they will also work in groups to brainstorm ideas and discuss how RWE could potentially change their roles as librarians/information specialists.
Level : Intermediate
Target audience : This workshop is designed for librarians who are already familiar with comprehensive literature reviews (e.g. systematic reviews) and principles of evidence-based practice (e.g. clinical trials, hierarchy of evidence).
Preparation for the session : No
Biography and Bibliography
Janice Kung is a Public Services Librarian from the John W. Scott Health Sciences Library at the University of Alberta. As liaison librarian to the Faculty of Pharmacy & Pharmaceutical Sciences and departments within the Faculty of Medicine & Dentistry, she is passionate about instruction and evidence-based practice.
Dagmara Chojecki is a health research librarian with a joint appointment at the John W. Scott Health Sciences Library at the University of Alberta and at the Institute of Health Economics in Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. Her role includes conducting comprehensive literature searches for health technology assessments (HTAs) and systematic reviews, teaching and providing liaison services to the Schools of Dentistry and Dental Hygiene, and researching best practices in information retrieval methodology.
Lisa Tjosvold is an information specialist with the Institute of Health Economics in Edmonton, Canada, where she conducts comprehensive literature searches for systematic reviews and HTAs. She also holds a joint position as a research librarian at the University of Alberta Libraries’ John W. Scott Health Sciences Library, where she provides teaching and liaison services to the School of Dentistry and Dental Hygiene. Lisa has been conducting literature searches for systematic reviews and HTAs since 2002 and her research interests include how to implement best practices in information retrieval.