2:00pm - 2:30pm
DELEUZE’S WALK: EXPERIMENTING WITH THE TERRITORY IN CONTACT WITH THE REAL
Liceo Scientifico Tron Zanella Schio, Vicenza, Italy, Italy
In their works Dialogues and A Thousand Plateaus, Gilles Deleuze and Felix Guattari build a plane where the pathways of Sigmund Freud’s Little Hans and Ferdinand Deligny’s autistic children cross those of Mrs Dalloway’s walk which becomes itself a “propulsive refrain” -as Deleuze defines Samuel Beckett’s characters in their way of walking. On such a plane the different trajectories, far from drawing up some predefinite itinerary, seem to delineate a map, a different way of experimenting with the territory.
We will first attempt to define this plane while insisting on the concept of walking as “propulsive refrain” and the Deleuzian relation between refrain and territory. Secondly, by using instruments supplied by Deleuze himself, we will attempt to carry out an analysis of the migratory flux intended as a passing through a territory and not merely as an event exclusively regulated by immigration policies characterized by an persistent state of emergency. Such a perspective imposes its own canalization of the fluxes and eventually manages to erase the traces of every single passage on the territory as well as of all the “assemblages” established by the migrants during their movements.
Lastly, we will consider the implications of passing through a territory when the indeterminacy of the destination leads to different criteria in the intended purpose of the physical space and does not comply with the predetermined assimilation-expulsion dualism.
2:30pm - 3:00pm
Minor literature or how to minorize the revolutionary canon in literature.
Universidad de Playa Ancha, Chile
In the book Kafka for a minor literature, Deleuze and Guattari argue that in “minor literature”, writing becomes the medium of a collective enunciation that breaks with the dominant clichés and forms that asphyxiate life. This seems an incomparable definition that redefines the political and revolutionary function of literature.
What is meant by political and revolutionary in the framework of “minor literature”? It is known that it is not necessarily a literature with a message or political content (or is not primarily committed literature); neither is it a work that would seek the emancipation of an abstract “humanity”. In contrast to this, the political meaning would derive from attacking the normality of language (Canon) and from violating everything related to the individual and his exemplary experience.
This presentation will focus on the way in which Deleuze and Guattari try to “minorize” the revolutionary canon so as to put in place of the people (revolutionary subject) the writer’s own minority becoming, and its intimate union with a disaggregated multitude. To that extent, it will be shown that the Counter-Bildungsroman of the so called "social realistic novel" does not lead from the individual to the “people”, but from the individual to the “transindividual”, and, thus, to the “missing people” that ocuppies a deterritorialized territory.
3:00pm - 3:30pm
In pursuit of le grand pays: the territories of André Dhôtel’s Le Pays où l’on n’arrive jamais
Wilfrid Laurier University, Canada
Children are always making and modifying maps of the territories or milieus in which they find themselves, as the endpaper maps of children’s literature depict. These endpaper maps are real-imaginary maps, open and connectable with varied entryways and exits. Additions of colour and other annotations capture real and imaginary trajectories and the becomings that lie beneath them. These coalesce to form a ‘mobile mirror’ of actual and virtual landscapes to take us beyond ourselves, on the path to becoming.
This paper focuses on the child characters of André Dhôtel’s Le Pays où l’on n’arrive jamais, Gaspard and Hélène, who have access to a map within and are caught in an ongoing flux of de-and re-territorialisation. Parental figures in their lives attempt to block and cut short lines of flight promoted by other children and itinerant adult figures. Drawing on their innate nomadism, these children are able to slip between the confining, stratifying lines imposed on them and pursue their urge of finding le grand pays that both torments and fascinates them. Even though Gaspard and Hélène reach their destination in some respect, they discover le grand pays is always beyond reach. Their vagabond movements link them inextricably to the landscape they are seeking, and yet, by its own nature, this territory permanently escapes them. Freed from restrictions of place, their past identities effaced, Gaspard and Hélène find their place whilst realising that their place will always be elsewhere in the temporal and spatial fissure that is the grand pays.