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Alternative Tomorrows Where Deterritorialization and Reterritorialization Meet I
11:00am - 12:30pm
Session Chair: Daniel Swain
Alternative Tomorrows Where Deterritorialization and Reterritorialization Meet
11:00am - 11:30am
The Triple Transformation
Leuphana University Lüneburg, Germany
Deleuze and Guattari define philosophy as the activity that consists of creating concepts in order to bring forth new events. In this presentation, I show that, contrary to what many readers and critics of Deleuze and Guattari assume, this activity is a precise and transparent operation. I refer mainly to certain passages from What is Philosophy?, in which Deleuze and Guattari deal with Plato and the emergence of philosophy. They explore the socio-political and economic preconditions that Plato faced, identify the concrete problem with Athenian democracy that haunted Plato and prompted him to pursue his philosophical endeavor, and indicate how territorial characteristics were highly conducive to this endeavor (life around the Aegean Sea furnished the Greeks with a geopolitical and geographic attunement to the special kind of experience linked with the creation of concepts on the plane of immanence). They also suggest that philosophy arose decisively with Plato through a crucial move implying a triple transformation. A transformation along three separate threads is indispensable because, compared to the social field, the plane of immanence entails relations of a different modality as well as related terms of a different nature. Most commentators overlook the fact that, in order to create concepts, it is not sufficient to project the thought of opinion, which shapes our ordinary lived experience, onto the plane of immanence. The creation of concepts, rather, requires a triple transformation that captures the triad of ordinary experience (the subject of lived experience, the objects to which it refers, and the relations between the subject and the objects) and that carries this triad into the conceptual person as the subject of creative thinking of philosophy, into the desired objects (the events formed by concepts) as well as into the corresponding relations. The triple transformation that I introduce provides key insights into the approach of transcendental empiricism, especially the function of the conceptual persona.
11:30am - 12:00pm
Smart Information Design, Netherlands
The individual, as we normally assume to understand it, does not exist. Even in becoming, there is no such thing as an individual, no body without organs that is internally unspecified and externally closed. We are in a constant state of becoming and being undone, or de/re/territorialisation. Not one after the other, but both at the same time, without stopping, and without any chance to oversee the whole of what we are supposed to be.
This paper outlines my efforts to understand how identity works, based on Deleuze and Guattari’s rhizome and body without organs, Guattari’s machinic unconscious, Simondon’s notion of individuation, modern insights from chaos theory and emergent order, and literary theory around the notion of a personage in a text. All together, these ingredients may allow rethinking the self while discarding any notion of wholeness that is normally presupposed in any theory of the subject. Challenged and inspired by Gilbert Simondon’s thesis on individuation, it is my goal to rethink the individual without falling into any of the obvious traps that even great thinkers have been unable to spot.
The main challenge for me is to convey a clear sense of my intuitions to the audience without repeating magic and/or mystic phrases from other thinkers, and without requiring the audience to have read the same materials and understood them the same way that I think I have understood them. And dropping the human, all too human, referene to the word ‘I’.
12:00pm - 12:30pm
International Students’ Global Mobility and Territoriality/Non-territoriality in Millennials’ Everyday Life
On Hee Choi
University of Bristol, United Kingdom
This study aims to explore international students’ territoriality/ex-territoriality/non-territoriality through a longitudinal multi-case study. The increasing number of international students is closely associated with the enhancement of global mobility as a phenomenon of globalisation.
International students’ experiences studying abroad bring out transformative changes in their psychic and collective identities. Such transformative changes take place in tandem with the continuous interplay with spatiotemporal associated milieus. International students experience simultaneous deterritorialisation and reterritorialisation of existing identities by taking particular events as a transitional node in life. The focus of this research is to explore how international students’ individual psychic changes constitute collective reality.
The key findings from the research are as follows: First, international students deterritorialise themselves from existing identities as well as geographical boundaries in particular through both digital and physical space. Being exposed to a multiplicity of transnational digital and physical spaces, their locality is restructured. Second, reterritorialising identities co-occurs with deterritorialising and further shapes an individually differing third space with new territoriality. This is a space in between exterior societal frame and interior psychic changes. Likewise, territoriality and non-territoriality emerge at the same time through events where individuals come to undergo transformational changes in their identities. Lastly, living and studying abroad help international students engender multimodal cosmopolitanism as recognition of the need to accrue human solidarity. Some found their limitation as an individual to make the world better and others realised only actions improve inequality and unfairness. Such realisation is derived from lived experiences as a sojourner and it features cosmopolitanism below which differs from institutionalised cosmopolitan ethos. To sum, international students in these identity negotiation processes reinforce their own subjectivity and expand self-formation of psychic individuation to collective reality through Simondonian transindividuality.
Deleuze, G. (2014 ). Difference and repetition. (P. Patton, Trans.). London: Bloomsbury Publishing. (Original work published 1968)
Deleuze, G., & Guattari, F. (2013 ). A thousand plateaus: Capitalism and schizophrenia. Bloomsbury Publishing.
Simondon, G. (1989). L'individuation psychique et collective à la lumière des notions de forme, information, potentiel et métastabilité. Paris: Aubier.
Simondon, G. (1992). The genesis of the individual. Incorporations, 6, 296-319.
Simondon G. (1989 ). Du mode d’existence des objets techniques. Paris: Aubier.
Simondon, G. (2017 ). L'individuation à la lumière des notions de forme et d'information. Grenoble: Millon.