Overview and details of the sessions of this conference. Please select a date or location to show only sessions at that day or location. Please select a single session for detailed view (with abstracts and downloads if available).
Please note that all times are shown in the time zone of the conference. The current conference time is: 2nd Oct 2022, 08:19:19am CEST
Territorialization Processes in the Late Medieval West: The Formation of National Identities?
Julien Le Mauff
Sorbonne Université, France
Long appropriated by geographers and cultural anthropologist, the Deleuzian-Guattarian thinking of space, territory and population has been appreciated only to a lesser extent by historians. This paper will show how the thinking of territorialization can be adapted to fully comprehend an array of phenomenons occurring around the 14th century. These times predate the emergence of modern State but show the apparition of a spatial conscience and the superposition of political powers, territories and population.
Many Western discourses point to the existence of a late medieval tipping point in the approach of territory, from a directional to a dimensional understanding. In Roman law, with the emergence of territorium materiale and the idea that jurisdiction adheres to it (iurisdictio cohaeret territorio), advocated by Balde de Ubaldis. In political practice, with the rise of non-alienation clauses. Moreover, this corresponds to the “vernacular moment” and the affirmation of the importance of an identity between political power and national language. These claims rely on very diverse sources, from Oresme’s commentary on Aristotle in France, to the Chronicle of Dalimil in Bohemia, or the Joyous Entry of 1356 in Brabant.
These discourses, and the growing demand for the naturality of rulers and their counselors, participate in the junction between political conceptions and the rise of geographically and culturally defined communities, as the word natio also sees its definition stabilized to correspond to such determinated and circumscribed identities.
11:30am - 12:00pm
The City and the Steppe: Beket Nurzhanov’s oppressive nomadology
Al-Farabi Kazakh National University, Kazakhstan
In one of his articles “The City and the Steppe”, the ‘father’ of Kazakh postmodernism Beket Nurzhanov (1949-2014) made a kind of accusation for all Western culture: to forget the ability to move, to change. What he called the modus of the technical-urban being is, according to him, the main cause of the collapse of modern Western civilization, “a strategic miscalculation in the choice of the way of being that led man to self-deprecation or even to self-destruction.” (Нуржанов Б. Город и степь // Тамыр, №10, апрель-декабрь 2003. Pp. 41-49. P.42.). Nurzhanov proposes to replace the classic sedentary alternative “city/village” by another alternative “the city /the steppe”. For Nurzhanov, nomadic society is extremely hierarchical. The idealization of the nomadic modus of being assumes that the latter has the same repressive function as the so-called Western model of thought (or modus of the sedentary being). By replacing one repressive modus with another, we arrive at a similar result: the repression of the Other.
This is a critical rereading of one of the “fathers” of Kazakh postmodern philosophy. One must say “yes” replaying to question if sedentary modus of Western thought is a kind of metaphysical evil, which led, according to Nurzhanov, to all kinds of misfortunes that have struck Western civilization, but just as much as any other repressive modus, including nomadic, which would have produced exactly the same devastating results.
12:00pm - 12:30pm
Antiproduction: Depression, Dissolution, and Desire in Guattari, Bifo, and Fisher
Matías G. Rodríguez-Mouriño
Universidade de Santiago de Compostela, Spain
Depression is a very complex process of dissolution: dissolution of desire, sense, and everything which makes reality seem real —and alive. Thus, hope dies.
Either by blind repetition or by apathetic lethargy, any production of new forms of life is substituted by mere antiproduction. Desire is deactivated, new affects stillborn.
We will try to analyse such a process from three main points of view:
a) Guattari’s later works, notably in relation to the entanglement between chaos, sense, and joy;
b) Bifo’s reading of Guattari and Negri and the question of “hope” within leftist movements in relation to depression;
c) Mark Fischer’s theories on the cancellation of the future.
12:30pm - 1:00pm
The issues of multiplicity at the intersection between the work of Gilles Deleuze & Félix Guattari and Édouard Glissant.
University of Białystok
The paper aims to rediscover the main concepts derived from the readings of Gilles Deleuze and Félix Guattari to highlight its significance for the theory of Relation outlined by Édouard Glissant. Drawing on multifaced ways in which Deleuze and Guattari conceptualize their vision of capitalism Glissant strives to creatively redefine rhizomatic uprooting, the most central to the postcolonial critique of exploitative power relations and anticolonial discourse. Our goal is to demonstrate, on one hand, the ways how Deleuzian & Guattarian concept of becoming finds its expression in Glissant’s perspective of the neo-Spinozian concept of singularity defined in terms of "becoming-singular". On the other hand, we wish to draw a comparison between the chaosmic forces in capitalism described by Deleuze and Guattari and the ways how Glissant describes the chaos of „Tout-monde” established by lines of flight or deterritorialization, counter-actualization to achieve „infinite change” in the opened world of the archipelago. This double-bind perspective offers an insight into the ontology of multiplicity where human beings, animals and landscapes, cultures coexist in mutual relationships.