Overview and details of the sessions of this conference. Please select a date or location to show only sessions at that day or location. Please select a single session for detailed view (with abstracts and downloads if available).
Please note that all times are shown in the time zone of the conference. The current conference time is: 7th Dec 2022, 11:56:53am CET
A settlement of Calon – Romanies of Brazil – is a temporal event as a spatial discontinuity created within a seamless non-Gypsy whole from which it is simultaneously permanently marked as standing outside of it. A settlement is therefore geo-structural position as well as an elementary sociological unit. It reflects Calon acceptance of, and adaptation, to the fact of living dispersed among non-Gypsies (Juron). Settlements are weakly coded: they do not have specific names on their own; there does not exist a way to represent them as totalities; they are not parts of larges assemblages that would be able to fix their identity. Settlements are constantly deterritorialised through violence and movement, and there are no fixed social roles and no political authority in settlements. Moreover, one’s knowledge of places that have Calon left because of mourning and violence, subtend settlement organisatiion but cannot be collectively represented. Echoing Ethel Brooks’ (2018) conceptualisation of a ‘camp’, a Calon encampment can be thus seen as a site of social connection that enables survival and the attainment of dignity. But an encampment is shadowed by a lager – a 'camp' can serve as a site of destruction, exclusion and dispossession. In January 2020 a legally recognised settlement near Brasília was abandoned after unknown gunmen had shot four Calon in order to push them out of the area. Not through coincidence, a 'camp' is also where an ethnographic fieldwork, like my own, or bureaucratic interventions (of well-meaning liberals as well as Nazis) commonly start.
4:30pm - 5:00pm
Fire's Image: Pyrodiversity and the Politics of Apprehension
UC Berkeley, United States of America
This paper reflects upon some recent, northern Australian efforts to re-imagine fire. These efforts bring together fire ecologists, anthropologists, and Indigenous peoples from across the top end of the Northern Territory, and aim both to enclose fire, to contain its excessive animacy in novel arrangements of expertise, ecological management, and carbon exchange, and to disclose fire’s constitutive relation to Australian landscapes, climate, and Indigenous sociality itself. In pursuing the tensions that accompany such efforts, and focusing on questions of scale and image, this paper charts the contemporary politics of fire's underdetermined ontology as it becomes enlisted in mitigation efforts, in carbon markets, and in the politics of Indigenous sovereignty, autonomy, and recognition. In so doing, the paper brings ethnographic material on fire's image and multiplicity to develop a critical appreciation of Deleuzian thought for Anthropology, drawing most centrally on Deleuze's Cinema 1 and Cinema 2 to explore the matter of fire's mediatization.
5:00pm - 5:30pm
Multiplicities of Hearing and the Territorialization of Sound
University of Michigan, United States of America
As part of democratic liberalization in the 1980s, the ruling regime in Taiwan established environmental noise control in response to citizens’ grievances about noise. Signaling a departure from decades of martial law rule, the regime heralded the decibel meter as a technology of governance that reterritorialized noise from an arbitrary object of state control into a symbol of democratic transparency. In this paper, I examine the legacy of Taiwan’s noise control system with a historical and ethnographic analysis of Taiwan’s recent decision to regulate low frequency noise, the low range of sound barely audible to the human ear. The incremental move towards regulating an ever-increasing range of low-humming sounds found in air conditioners, refrigerators, and exhaust fans, reflects the ambitious efforts of the state to reorganize the sonic domain for enhanced government control--one that flirts with previous authoritarian practices but stands as a liberal project. Taking into account the “lines of flight” emergent from the variability of hearing sensitivities among Taiwanese citizens, the state attempts with limited success to meet the individual demands of citizens through an enhanced capacity to regulate noise. Drawing upon Deleuze and Guattari’s writings on deterritorialization, I examine the rhizomatic assemblage of citizens, the reformed state, varying allegation of noise, and multiplicities of hearing that co-produce the sonic domain as a marker of postauthoritarian subjectivity. While Deleuze and Guattari’s writings originally discussed molecular, or molar constructs, I explore their writings through an ontological re-orientation around the audible frequency spectrum.